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ediately sent despatches for the Second and Third divisions of the army of the frontier--which he had been advised by Gen. Schofield were placed at his command — to march with the least possible delay for Cane Hill. Those two divisions were in the nhirty to one hundred and forty miles away. Gen. Totten, commanding one of them, was absent in St. Louis; as was also Gen. Schofield, the latter sick. The command of both divisions fell thereby on Gen. Herron, who, with a true soldier's promptitude nt to oppose them. But General Blunt, upon the first intimation of Hindman's reenforcement, ordered the command of General Schofield forward upon forced marches. At ten o'clock on the morning of the seventh, (Sunday,) we discovered that Hindman hares. This army was upon what is called the Wire road, leading from Fayetteville to Van Buren; while General Herron, of Schofield's division, was on the same road, making a forced march to reenforce Blunt at Cane Hill or Boonsboro. About three mile
in body of the army under Major-Gen. Buell was between Huntsville and Stevenson, moving toward Chattanooga, for which place they had left Corinth about the tenth of June. Major-Gen. Curtis's forces were at Helena, Arkansas, and those under Brig.-Gen. Schofield in South-western Missouri. The central army, under Major-Gen. Grant, occupying the line of West-Tennessee and Northern Mississippi, extended from Memphis to Iuka, and protected the railroads from Columbus south, which were then our only cit No. 6. The unfortunate withdrawal to Missouri, by General Curtis, of a large part of the army in Arkansas, prevented the execution of the military operations which had been ordered in the latter State. In Missouri, the forces, under Brig.-Gen. Schofield, not only broke up and destroyed numerous guerrilla bands, but defeated the rebel army in several engagements near the south-west corner of the State, and drove it across the Boston Mountains, in Arkansas. I cannot give the details of the
. Gill; Thirty-fourth Indiana, commanded by R. A. Cameron; Sixteenth Ohio battery, Captain J. A. Mitchell; Second Ohio battery, First Lieutenant Aug. Beach. Second brigade, Colonel J. R. Slack commanding--Twenty-fourth Iowa, commanded by Colonel E. S. Byaur; Twenty-eighth Iowa, commanded by Colonel John Connell; Fifty-sixth Ohio, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel W. H. Raynor; Forty-seventh Indiana, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel J. A. McLaughlin; First Missouri battery, commanded by Captain Schofield; Peoria light artillery, commanded by Second Lieutenant Fenton. We continued our march during the night, Near two o'clock in the morning of the first of May, cannonading was heard in our front, which continued several minutes. The column pressed forward, and at daylight reached Centre Creek, about three miles west of Port Gibson. At this point, at five o'clock A. M., my division was ordered to take position, a few hundred yards in advance, upon the right of the road, on the crest
ructive marches. At Bull Run, or Manassas, he commanded a brigade with Leaders in the Atlanta campaign— group no. 2: commanders of brigades and divisions which fought under McPherson, Thomas and hooker in the campaign for Atlanta, summer of 1864 Thos. H. Ruger commanded a brigade under General Hooker. J. C. Veatch, division leader in the Sixteenth Army Corps. Morgan L. Smith, leader of the Second division, Fourteenth Corps. J. D. Cox commanded a division under General Schofield. M. D. Manson, brigade leader in the Twenty-third Corps. Charles Cruft commanded a brigade under General Stanley. J. A. J. Lightburn led a division in the Army of the Tennessee. W. L. Elliott, chief of Cavalry under General Thomas credit, and though it was routed he quickly restored its organization and morale, and for this he was made a brigadiergeneral of volunteers. Transferred to Kentucky to assist General Robert Anderson, his former commander, in organizing the Feder
e campaigns. The Ninth Corps was attached to the department from March, 1863, to March, 1864. Burnside was succeeded in turn by Major-Generals J. G. Foster, J. M. Schofield, and George Stoneman. A cavalry division organized in April, 1864, was headed by Major-General Stoneman, and afterward by Colonels Capron and Garrard. On JaArmy of the Frontier The field forces in Missouri and Kansas were organized into the Army of the Frontier on October 12, 1862. It was commanded by Major-Generals J. M. Schofield and F. J. Herron, and by Major-General James G. Blunt temporarily. It was very active during its existence, and fought many minor engagements in the , and Major-General G. L. Hartsuff was placed in command. He was succeeded by Brigadier-Generals M. D. Manson, J. D. Cox, Major-Generals George Stoneman, and J. M. Schofield. The corps fought in Eastern Tennessee and was besieged in Knoxville. As the Army of the Ohio, it went on the Atlanta campaign and after the capture of that
before the end of December. The army spent the winter around Dalton, Georgia, and faced Sherman's advance in May, 1864, in two infantry and one cavalry corps. Polk brought back his divisions, which he called the Army of Mississippi, and these forces were consolidated with the Army of Tennessee on July 26th, after Polk had been killed. On July 18th, Johnston was replaced by General John B. Hood. After the capture of Atlanta, the army returned to Tennessee, and, failing to cut off Major-General Schofield's command at Franklin, was routed by Major-General Thomas at Nashville (December 15-16, 1864). In February, 1865, General Johnston was again placed in command of the Army of Tennessee, as well as the troops in South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. The army had greatly dwindled. Lieutenant-General A. P. Stewart was at the actual head of the Army of Tennessee after March 16th, and Johnston's enlarged command included troops from the far South under Hardee, which, in February, had be
Parke, John G., Mar. 13, 1865. Pennypacker, G., Mar. 2, 1867. Pleasonton, A., Mar. 13, 1865. Pope, John, Mar. 13, 1865. Ramsey, Geo. D., Mar. 13, 1865. Rawlins, John A., April 9, 1865. Reynolds, J. J., Mar. 2, 1867. Ricketts, J. B., Mar. 13, 1865. Ripley, Jas. W., Mar. 13, 1865. Robinson, J. C., Mar. 13, 1865. Rosecrans, W. S., Mar. 13, 1865. Rousseau, L. H., Mar. 28, 1867. Rucker, D. H., Mar. 13, 1865. Russell, David A., Sept. 19, 1864. Sackett, Delos B., Mar. 13, 1865. Schofield, J. M., Mar. 13, 1865. Schriver, E., Mar. 13, 1865. Seymour, T., Mar. 13, 1865. Sherman, T. W., Mar. 13, 1865. Shiras, Alex., Mar. 13, 1865. Sickles, Daniel E., Mar. 2, 1867. Simpson, M. D. I., Mar. 13, 1865. Smith, Andrew J., Mar. 13, 1865. Smith, Chas. H., Mar. 21, 1867. Smith, John E., Mar. 2, 1867. Smith, W. F., Mar. 13, 1865. Stanley, David S., Mar. 13, 1865. Steele, Frederick, Mar. 13, 1865. Stoneman, G., Mar. 13, 1865. Sturgis, S. D., Mar. 13, 1865. Sumner, Edwin V., May
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Explosive or poisoned musket or rifle balls — were they authorized and used by the Confederate States army, or by the United States army during the Civil War?--a slander refuted. (search)
Russian Government issued a circular calling a convention of the Nations for the purpose of declaring against the use of explosive projectiles in war. To this circular the then Chief of Ordnance of the United States, General A. B. Dyer, made the following reply, which I have but little doubt expresses the sentiment which actuated General Ripley in his disapproval of the purchase and issue of the Gardiner musket shell: Ordnance Office, War Department, Washington, August 19, 1868. Hon. J. M. Schofield, Secretary of War: Sir — I have read the communication from the Russian Minister in relation to the abolishment of the use of explosive projectiles in military warfare, with the attention and care it well deserves. I concur heartily in the sentiments therein expressed, and I trust that our Government will respond unhesitatingly to the proposition in behalf of humanity and civilization. The use in warfare of explosive balls, so sensitive as to ignite and burst on striking a subs
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General Hardee and the Military operations around Atlanta. (search)
o over it (178). And the map, at page 167, seems to further that idea, by locating the Federal forces north of the Decatur road. But, as is elsewhere shown in the text. the enemy had been occupying that road ever since the 18th of July. Both Schofield's and McPherson's armies had advanced to Atlanta by way of Decatur. And McPherson was now facing and entrenched along the Decatur side of Atlanta, with the Fifteenth corps extending two division lengths south of Decatur road, and the Seventeengives a summary of them in his report (supra), and he is confirmed by General Sherman, who shows, among other things, that Howard's army had reached the position near Jonesboroa in the evening of August 30th, and that in the morning of the 31st Schofield struck the railroad at Rough-and-Ready, and Thomas' army at two points between there and Jonesboroa, and that both were ordered to turn straight for Jonesboroa, tearing up the railroad track as they advanced (Memoirs, volume II, pages 107-108).
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 1: Introductory. (search)
nformation. Judged by the official record, the verdict must be that the work is intensely egotistical, unreliable, and cruelly unjust to nearly all his distinguished associates. Our erratic General thrusts his pen recklessly through reputations which are as dear to the country as his own. He detracts from what right fully belongs to Grant; misrepresents and belittles Thomas; withholds justice from Buell, repeatedly loads failures for which he was responsible, now upon Thomas, now upon Schofield, now upon McPherson, and again upon the three jointly; is unjust in the extreme to Rosecrans; sneers at Logan and Blair; insults Hooker, and slanders Stanton. The salient points of the long story are readily found by those who either followed, or made themselves familiar by study with his campaigns. The reader turns naturally for explanations of the surprise and attending disgrace at Shiloh; the ill-judged and fatal assault at Chickasaw Bayou; the protest against the move by which Vick
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