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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Twelfth Alabama Infantry, Confederate States Army. (search)
and children. On September 2nd we marched toward Winchester, and when five miles distant met our cavalry, under General Vaughan, of Tennessee, retreating, the Yankees in pursuit. We quickly formed line, and moved forward, but the enemy retired, declining further battle. Camped six miles from Bunker Hill. To-day, September 3rd, we went to our well known resting point, Bunker Hill. A few shells were fired, and one wounded our skillful and popular surgeon, Dr. George Whitfield, from Demopolis, in the arm. September 4th, Sunday. Marched towards Berryville, passing Jordan Springs, a well known watering place, and halted at 12 o'clock, one and a half miles from Berryville. Deployed to the left of the town, where we could see the enemy and their breastworks very plainly. At night retired one mile. September 5. Our division again passed Jordan Springs, and soon after hearing the skirmishers firing in front, were hastily formed into line, and ordered forward to support our
ontrol a more valuable and important section of country than that by the Savannah. There is a section of country, from fifty to one hundred and fifty miles wide, extending from Selma west to Meridian, and thence north on both sides of the Tombigbee to Columbus, Aberdeen, and Okalona, more rich in agricultural products than any equal extent of country in the Confederacy. Slave labor has been but very little disturbed in this section, and the large crops of this year are being collected at Demopolis, Selma, Montgomery, and other points for the use of the rebel army. By moving on that line they will be converted to our use or be destroyed; by moving on Augusta they will be left for the use of Hood's forces. I do not write this for the purpose of influencing your adoption of a particular plan of campaign, or of changing your decision, if you have adopted any plan, but simply to urge on you an early decision, if you have not already made one. It is proper, however, to remark that I
Demopolis, Marengo County, Alabama a town of 3,500 pop., on the Tombigbee River, an important cotton growing and cotton shipping point, 50 miles from Selma, near the Selma & Meridian Railroad.
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book II:—--the Mississippi. (search)
to again pick them up when once inside of their homesteads, had decided to grant them no leave of absence. A large number deserted immediately: the remainder, having arrived at Brandon, mutinied when it was sought to force them on board trains of cars which were ready for them. They loudly demanded the body of the unfortunate Pemberton, that they might hang him. The officers, who alone had preserved their arms, had to draw their swords in order to compel obedience. When they landed at Demopolis, whence they were to be sent into the interior, exasperated by the insulting remarks of women who crowded around all the stations to reproach them for their capitulation, they attacked the guard who had charge of them, and were only brought to submission with great difficulty. Grant had shown much political sagacity in predicting that the return of this vanquished army, by disseminating discouragement everywhere, would do more serious damage to the cause of the South than even the loss of
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 4. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book I:—eastern Tennessee. (search)
road and during a spell of oppressive heat. On the 8th the rearguard was leaving the works which had been so laboriously thrown up around Chattanooga: on the ensuing morning the whole corps was halting at Gordon's Mills on the banks of the West Chickamauga River. Walker's four brigades, separated into two small divisions under Liddell and Gist, and Breckinridge's troops, that had arrived a few days after them, had already effected a junction at La Fayette. Hardee, who had been called to Demopolis to take command of Pemberton's soldiers liberated on parole, had for his successor Lieutenant-general D. H. Hill, whom we have seen figuring first in Lee's army and subsequently in North Carolina. His corps had fallen back, on the 3d, from Tyner's Station to Ringgold, after having sent a brigade of infantry to the banks of the Tennessee in order to mask this movement. Bragg's movement must involve Buckner's and ensure the junction of the two corps. Buckner had been on the left bank of
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 4. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book II:—the siege of Chattanooga. (search)
xville. He also urges him to retain Kingston at any price, and if the enemy should take up the route followed the previous year by Bragg and penetrate Middle Tennessee through McMinnville, then Burnside should pursue him with all the troops he can gather. There is a good foundation for these mental preoccupations. On the 27th of October, Cheatham's division, which had been detached by Bragg to reinforce Stevenson, arrived at Athens. The two brigades of Moore and Pettus, that had left Demopolis on the same day with General Hardee, were directed by him to move on Athens while he was proceeding to Chattanooga. Thus the Confederates have to the northward of the Hiawassee more than twelve thousand infantry and five thousand cavalry. They are more than are required to hold Burnside in check, but not enough to defeat him, and this little army would have been better employed if turned against Hooker. It is all the more difficult to imagine what Bragg intended to do with it, because
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 4. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book IV:—the war in the South-West. (search)
t. In fact, General Polk, who had come to Demopolis to take Hardee's place, had transferred his e 13th, French's division boarded trains for Demopolis; Loring's followed it at daybreak on the 14tilroad, Polk wished to protect the depots of Demopolis, and especially the large military establishHurlbut sent in the direction of Corinth and Demopolis detachments which accomplished this work for east of this large river in the vicinity of Demopolis. In order to extend farther around Meridianwe have said, has remained between Selma and Demopolis—may come to join him to crush them. The chat Johnston received orders to send Hardee to Demopolis, and on the 14th, Grant, countermanding the him, the greater part having already reached Demopolis. On the morning of the 23d he made preparak of Cleburne's soldiers, whom he thought at Demopolis, finally convinced Palmer of the uselessnessJackson, and from there, via Corinth, toward Demopolis. At the moment when it was thus sacrificed
se hot." They know full well that if the State submits to Lincoln despotism, "She shall stoop to be A province for an empire, with slaves for senates, Beggars for nobles, ponders for a people." When fully aroused, Kentucky's sword will leap from its scabbard in vindication of a grievously violated centrality, to which she has vainly trusted as a palladium of her peace, property, and principles. In defence of his hearth to the honor of his wife, and the chastity of his daughter, pro arit et focis, Kentucky's gellant son will redden his sword to the hilt in the black breast of the vandal. "To patriot vengeance near bath sword More terrible libations poured." I shall watch and pray for Kentucky's coming. If she falters now, my heart will sink within me. Sad will be the day when I shall have to repudiate sympathy with my native State. God grant that I may never see her the Niobe of the nations. Howard A. M. Henderson. Demopolis, Ala., Sept. 11, 1861.
eserted,) Savannah, ditto, took cath. A. T. Holmes, Savannah, taken at Bull Run. Humphreys, Atlanta, ditto. T. J. Chambers, (died,) Henry county, Ga., taken near Fairfax Station, July 21st. T. T. Buck, Autauga county, Ga., ditto. John Davis, ditto. J. O. Perkins, 6th Alabama regiment, Russell county, Ala., taken near Fairfax Station, July 17th. W. A. Prince, ditto. R. T. Poole, ditto. J. H. Howard, ditto. Robert Paulding, 5th Alabama regiment, Demopolis, Ala., taken near Springfield, Va., July 13th. Jos. S. Walker, Pickensville, Ala., ditto. A. C. Landstreet, Redford's Va. Cavalry, Fairfax county, taken near Falls Church, July 12th. J. T. Mays, ditto, Botetourt county, Va., taken at Flint Hill. W. H. Mallow, ditto, Alleghany county, Va., ditto. E. N. Haycock. Va., Guerrillas, Fairfax county, taken at Vienna, July 16th. George Howard, 1st Va. Cavalry, Baltimore, taken near Lewinsville, Sept. 16th. J. B. Drisco
At an auction sale of stock, grain. &c., belonging to the estate of E. Prince, deceased, hold at Demopolis, Alabama, on the 10th instant, the following prices were obtained. Two hundred and five pork hogs sold at 25 to 28½ cents per pound; forty one mules and twenty-one horses, $225 to $300 each; twelve yoke of oxen, $140 to $200 per yoke; twenty hatters, eighteen months old, $125 to $160 each; fifteen cows and yearling calves, $140 to $160 each; two hundred stock hoge, six months old, $12 50 to $14 each; fifteen cows, each with a litter of pigs, $40 to $55 per litter; twenty thousand bushels of corn, 65 to 70 cents per bushel; two thousand cwt, fodder, $1 10 to $1 25 per cwt.; thirty bushels cow peas, $1 85 to $1 90 per bushel. The above were sold on twelve months credit, with interest from date.
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