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ed, half a mile to a mile wide, bordered by low, irregular bluffs. All the bridges by which it was previously crossed were of course destroyed in their retreat by the Rebels; but Brig.-Gen. H. M. Naglee, of Casey's division, Keyes's (4th) corps, leading our advance on the left, crossed it near Bottom's Bridge May 20. without difficulty, wholly unopposed; followed by the rest of the corps three days later, the bridge having meantime been rebuilt. During the three following days, May 24, 25, 26. Naglee made a spirited reconnaissance toward Richmond, and to within two miles of the James, on our left; Couch's division took up, May 28. by order, a position some miles in advance, at a place known as the seven Pines, on the direct road from Bottom's Bridge to Richmond; which he proceeded hastily to fortify with abatis, rifle-pits, etc., and by building and arming a small redoubt. Meantime, the remaining division (Casey's) of Keyes's corps was advanced to and encamped about the sta
nywhere controverted. In closing the argument in favor of ratifying the Federal Constitution, Mr. Zachariah Johnson said: They tell us that they see a progressive danger of bringing about emancipation. The principle has begun since the Revolution. Let us do what we will, it will come around. Slavery has been the foundation of that impiety and dissipation, which have been so much disseminated among our countrymen. If it were totally abolished, it would do much good. In 1836, May 25. Mr. John Quincy Adams, having been required to vote Yea or Nay, in the House, on a proposition reported by Mr. H. L. Pinckney, of South Carolina, in these words-- Resolved, That Congress possesses no constitutional power to interfere in any way with the institution of Slavery in any of the States of this confederacy-- voted Nay, in company with but eight others; and, obtaining the floor in Committee soon afterward, on a proposition that rations be distributed from the public stores to ci
's plan was to join teams and help Banks reduce Port Hudson, when the latter should help him reduce Vicksburg: an arrangement to which Gen. B. very gladly assented. Grant's corps designed to cooperate against Port Hudson was to be at Bayou Sara May 25th; but on the 12th Banks was advised by letter Dated the 10th. from Grant that lie had crossed the Mississippi in force, and had entered on his campaign which proved so successful. Of course, lie had now no corps to spare, but proposed instead by striking Augur on his march; but he was repulsed with a loss of 150 men; while our right wing above, under Gens. Weitzel, Grover, and Dwight, drove the garrison, after a sharp fight, within their outer line of intrenchments. The next day, May 25. they joined hands with Augur behind the Rebel works, and the investment of the Port, save on the side of the river, was complete. Reports being current that the enemy had withdrawn — that there was only a handful of them left behind their wor
o flank him out of this by moving well to the right, concentrating his army on Dallas; to which point Jeff. C. Davis, at Rome, had already been directed, and on which Thomas now advanced; McPherson moving still farther to the right, by Van Wert, and swinging in on Thomas's right; while Schofield, moving on the east, should aim to come in on Thomas's left. Johnston promptly divined this movement, and prepared to baffle it. Thomas, advancing from Burnt Hickory to Dallas, was confronted May 25. at Pumpkinvine creek by Rebel cavalry, whom he rapidly pushed across, saving the burning bridge; but, as Hooker's corps, in the van, pushed on, his foremost division (Geary's) found the enemy in line of battle; and a severe conflict ensued, without decisive result. Hooker finally concentrated his command four miles north of Dallas, and struck hard, by Sherman's order, at Stewart's position covering New Hope church; whence, though he gained some ground, he was unable to drive the well shel
ral Meade, in order that the corps might serve under that officer in the Army of the Potomac. At Burnside's suggestion, an order was issued by General Grant, on May 25th, incorporating the Ninth Corps with the main Army. On the 9th of June, while at Cold Harbor, General Crittenden was relieved at his own request, and General Litle. Shields' Division won a brilliant victory over Stonewall Jackson at Kernstown, Va., on the 23d of March, and Williams' Division fought well at Winchester, May 25th, while on Banks' retreat. The battle of Cedar Mountain was also fought by this corps alone and unassisted and, although defeated by the overwhelming force of thanta campaign, and during the next four months participated in all the important battles, its hardest fighting occurring at Resaca, May 15th, at New Hope Church, May 25th, and at Peach Tree Creek, July 20th. It was also actively engaged in the investment and siege of Atlanta, sustaining losses daily in killed and wounded while oc
Colonel John D. Rees, who was mortally wounded by a hand-grenade while mounting the parapet. It also sustained severe losses in the trenches during the siege, several being killed in the fight over the crater at the Mine Explosion at Fort Hill, May 25th. The regiment encountered its hardest fighting and greatest percentage of loss on July 22; 1864, at the battle of Atlanta; it was then in Leggett's (3d) Division, Seventeenth Corps. Thirty-Fourth Illinois Infantry. Mitchell's Brigade — also, at Blackburn's Ford; First Bull Run; Siege of Vicksburg; Blue Springs, Tenn.; Lenoir, Tenn.; Totopotomoy; Cold Harbor; Ream's Station; Fall of Petersburg. notes.--Organized April 25, 1861, and mustered into the United States service on May 25th. It was assigned to Berry's (3d) Brigade, Kearny's (3d) Division, Third Corps; and at Williamsburg, according to General Kearny, it maintained the key-point of the position; loss, 17 killed, 38 wounded, and 5 missing. Colonel Poe, in his offici
occurred in the 15th regiment, and was undoubtedly due to the climate of the Gulf and Lower Mississippi, in which locality the regiment was stationed during much of its service. It was mustered out at Charleston, S. C., July, 5, 1866, having serve the longest of any regiment from the State. New Hampshire--The 5th sustained the greatest loss in battle of any infantry regiment in the war. The 1st Infantry was a three-months' regiment, which was organized April 26, 1861, and left the State May 25. It served under General Patterson in the Shenandoah, and was mustered out on the 9th of August. The 15th and 16th Infantry enlisted for nine months; the other regiments enlisted for three years. The 3d, 4th, 6th, 7th, and 8th Infantry re-enlisted for another term; the 2d and 5th were killed up with recruits, which, with their reenlisted men, preserved their organizations, also, through the war. The 17th regiment failed to effect an organization, and the two companies which were recruited
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington, Chapter 14: the greatest battles of the war — list of victories and defeats — chronological list of battles with loss in each, Union and Confederate. (search)
9 March 5 Yazoo City, Miss 21 89 21 131 April 3 Okolona, Ark 16 74 -- 90 April 8 Sabine Cross Roads, La 258 1,487 1,772 3,517 April 9 Pleasant Hill, La April 17-20 Plymouth, N. C 20 80 1,500 1,600 April 23 Cane River, La 40 160 -- 200 April 25 Marks's Mills, Ark 100 250 100 450 April 30 Jenkins's Ferry, Ark 64 378 86 528 May 1 Alexandria, La 23 67 21 111 May 5-31 Includes Rocky Face Ridge, May 5-9 (loss about 900); Resaca, May 13-15 (3,000); New Hope Church, May 25 (1,000); Pickett's Mills, May 27 (1,900); Dallas, May 28-31 (1,800); Adairsville, Cassville, Rome Cross Roads, etc.Atlanta Campaign, Ga Killed 4,423 Wounded 22,822 Missing 4,442   Total 31,687 1,458 7,436 405 9,299 June 1-30 Includes Dallas, June 1-4 (900); Pine Mountain, June 14-19 (1,100); Culp's House, June 22 (700); Kenesaw Mountain, June 20-30 (1,200); Assault on Kenesaw, June 27 (3,000); Lattimore's Mill; Powder Springs, etc.Atlanta Campaign, Ga 1,125 5,740 6
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 7 (search)
le to obtain reliable information. When may I expect you to move, and in what direction? My subsistence may be put down for about twenty days. On the 10th General Pemberton. wrote: The enemy bombards the city day and night from seven mortars on opposite side of peninsula; he also keeps up constant fire on our lines with artillery and sharpshooters; we are losing many officers and men. I am waiting most anxiously to know your intentions. Have heard nothing from you nor of you since 25th of May. I shall endeavor to hold out as long as we have any thing to eat.... On the 12th he said in a brief note: ... Very heavy firing yesterday, from mortars and on lines, and on the 15th: The enemy has placed several very heavy guns in position against our works, and is approaching them very nearly. His firing is almost continuous. Our men are becoming much fatigued, but are still in pretty good spirits. I think your movement should be made as soon as possible. The enemy is receiving re
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Letters. (search)
eneral Breckenridge reports to-day five thousand eight hundred. Brigadier-General Jackson's cavalry, numbering about sixteen hundred when I was in Tennessee, not included, nor five field-batteries, probably four hundred. General Cooper informs me that no other reinforcements have been ordered to this department. Major-General Gardner is invested in Port Hudson. J. E. Johnston, General. Canton, June 5, 1863. Hon. J. A. Seddon. Dear Sir: I thank you cordially for your kind letter of May 25th, but almost regret that you feel such confidence in me as is expressed in it. From the present condition of affairs, I fear that confidence dooms you to disappointment. Every day gives some new intelligence of the enemy's strength, and of reenforcements on the way to him. My first intention on learning that Lieutenant-General Pemberton was in Vicksburg was to form an army to succor him. I suppose from my telegraphic correspondence with the Government that all the troops to be hoped for hav
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