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ss; and, foreseeing a French co-operation, the enemy began to think of quitting Philadelphia. [Here follows the account of the battle of Monmouth, after which Lafayette and Washington passed the night lying on the same mantle, talking over the conduct of Lee ; and the account of the Rhode Island campaign.] Soon afterwards, du exhausting the blood and treasure of their people for causes in which neither of the nations had any beneficial or lawful interest. In this war the father of Lafayette fell in the cause of his King, but not of his country. He was an officer of an invading army, the instrument of his sovereign's wanton ambition and lust of conqbe trained and fitted in a congenial school to march in after times the leader of heroes in the war of his country's independence. At the time of the birth of Lafayette, this war, which was to make him a fatherless child, and in which Washington was laying broad and deep, in the defence and protection of his native land, the fou
Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul Roch Yves Gilbert Motier, Marquis de 1757- Patriot; born in Cavanac, Auvergne, France, Sept. 6, 1757. Left an years of age. the Victory sailed first to a Spanish port, where Lafayette received orders from the King to give up his expedition; but he d., April 19, 1777. They travelled by land to Philadelphia, where Lafayette immediately addressed a letter to Congress, asking leave to serv of titles was decreed, he dropped his, and was known only as General Lafayette. He resigned his command in 1790, and in 1792 commanded one ongress of the United States requested President Monroe to invite Lafayette to America as a guest of the republic. He came, but declined theerywhere received with demonstrations of love and respect. General Lafayette. (after a painting by Peale.) Between Washington and LafayLafayette there had grown up a strong mutual affection during their intercourse in the scenes of the old war for independence. When at the seat o
ole directed by M. de Beaumarchais; and, when the English ambassador spoke to our Court, it denied having sent any cargoes, ordered those that were preparing to be discharged, and dismissed from our ports all American privateers. While wishing to address myself in a direct manner to Mr. Deane, I became the friend of Kalb, a German in our employ, who was applying for service with the insurgents (the expression in use at the time), and who became my interpreter. He was the person sent by M. de Choiseul to examine the English colonies; and on his return he received some money, but never succeeded in obtaining an audience, so little did that minister in reality think of the revolution whose retrograde movements some persons have inscribed to him! When I presented to Mr. Deane my boyish face (for I was scarcely nineteen years of age), I spoke more of my ardor in the cause than of my experience; but I dwelt much upon the effect my departure would excite in France, and he signed our mutual
bling that militia, the Congress recalled them, sent Gates in their place, and used all possible means to suppoook; this kind of warfare attracted the militia, and Gates improved each day in strength. Every tree sheltercence at Bethlehem and his success at Gloucester, of Gates's campaign in the north, and the establishment of thhe only man capable of conducting the revolution. Gates was at Yorktown, where he inspired respect by his mawho fancied himself the chief of a party. To praise Gates, with a certain portion of the continent and the troidency of the war office, which had been created for Gates, restricted the power of the general. This was not oposed. The most shrewd people did not believe that Gates was the real object of this intrigue. Though a goodfirst condition he demanded was not to be made, like Gates, independent of General Washington. At Gates's own Gates's own house he braved the whole party, and threw them into confusion by making them drink the health of their general
the same mantle, talking over the conduct of Lee ; and the account of the Rhode Island campaign.] Soon afterwards, during M. de Lafayette's residence at Philadelphia, the commission received its death-blow. Whilst he was breakfasting with the members of Congress, the different measures proper to be pursued were frankly and cheerfully discussed. The correspondence which took place at that time is generally known. The Congress remained ever noble, firm, and faithful to its allies. Secretary Thomson, in his last letter to Sir Henry Clinton, informs him that the Congress does not answer impertinent letters. To conceal nothing from the people, all the proposals were invariably printed; but able writers were employed in pointing out the errors they contained. In that happy country, where each man understood and attended to public affairs, the newspapers became powerful instruments to aid the revolution. The same spirit was also breathed from the pulpit, for the Bible in many place
adly defamed. The Tories fomented these dissensions. The presidency of the war office, which had been created for Gates, restricted the power of the general. This was not the only inconvenience. A committee from Congress arrived at the camp, and the attack of Philadelphia was daringly proposed. The most shrewd people did not believe that Gates was the real object of this intrigue. Though a good officer, he had not the power to assert himself. He would have given place to the famous General Lee, then a prisoner of the English, whose first care would have been to have made over to them his friends and all America. Attached to the general, and still more so to the cause, M. de Lafayette did not hesitate for a moment; and, in spite of the caresses of one party, he remained faithful to the other whose ruin seemed then impending. He saw and corresponded frequently with the general, and often discussed with him his own private situation, and the effect that various meliorations
on between Philadelphia and the country, and to obtain information concerning a rumored intention of the British to evacuate that city. Lafayette crossed the Schuylkill, and took post at Barren Hill, about half-way between Valley Forge and Philadelphia, occupying the Lutheran church there as headquarters. General Howe sent General Grant to make a secret night march to gain the rear of the marquis (May 20), and the next morning Howe marched with about 6,000 men, commanded by Clinton and Knyphausen, to capture the young Frenchman and send him to England. The marquis outgeneralled the British, though they surprised him, and escaped across the Schuylkill. Howe was disappointed, for he was about to depart for England under a partial cloud of ministerial displeasure, and he hoped to close his career in America by some brilliant act. Lafayette's headquarters near Chadd's Ford. After a short winter passage from Boston to Brest, in February, 1779, Lafayette joined his family and frie
olition of titles was decreed, he dropped his, and was known only as General Lafayette. He resigned his command in 1790, and in 1792 commanded one of the armies sent to guard the frontiers of France against the forces of monarchs alarmed by the republican demonstrations in France. When the fierce Jacobins seized power the conservative Lafayette was denounced and his arrest decreed. He crossed the frontier, intending to take refuge in Holland. The Austrians seized Lutheran Church, barren Hill, Lafayette's headquarters. him, and confined him in a dungeon five years. For a long time no intelligence of him reached his friends. Meanwhile his wife had been imprisoned at Paris during the Reign of terror, but had been set at liberty on the downfall of Robespierre. She hastened to Vienna, obtained a personal interview with the Emperor, and gained permission to share the captivity of her husband. Great exertions were made in Europe and America to obtain his release, but in vain, until
's favorite nephew, and the family of Judge Bushrod Washington, who was then absent on official busible manoeuvres at Trenton and Princeton, General Washington had remained in his camp at Middlebrook.ble to withstand so many various blows, General Washington, leaving Putnam on the North River, crosared before the capes of the Delaware, General Washington came to Philadelphia, and M. de Lafayetttillery. We must feel embarrassed, said General Washington, on his arrival, to exhibit ourselves bectacle to the eyes of all the citizens. General Washington was marching at their head, and M. de La time was lost in a mutual cannonading. General Washington walked along his two lines, and was recevred along the banks of the Schuylkill. General Washington still remained on a height above the eneenerals were often themselves deceived. General Washington never placed unlimited confidence in anyon condition of remaining subordinate to General Washington, of being but considered as an officer d[6 more...]
in Congress assembled, and whence their decree of independence has gone forth, is the destined prize to the conflict of the day. Who is that tall, slender youth, of foreign air and aspect, scarcely emerged from the years of boyhood, and fresh from the walls of a college; fighting, a volunteer, at the side of Washington, bleeding, unconsciously to himself, and rallying his men to secure the retreat of the scattered American ranks? It is Gilbert Motier de Lafayette, the son of the victim of Minden; and he is bleeding in the cause of North American independence and of freedom. We pause one moment to inquire what was this cause of North American independence, and what were the motives and inducements to the youthful stranger to devote himself, his life, and fortune to it. The people of the British colonies in North America, after a controversy of ten years duration with their sovereign beyond the seas, upon an attempt by him and his Parliament to tax them without their consent, ha
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