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Mecklenburg (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 15
160 CeylonMile1,760 ChinaLi608.5 DenmarkMul8,288 DresdenPost-meile7,432 EgyptFeddan1.47 EnglandMile1,760 FlandersMijle1,093.63 FlorenceMiglio1,809 France 1, 60931 miles = 1 kilometre. Kilometre1,093.6 GenoaMile (post)8,527 GermanyMile (15 to 1°)8,101 GreeceStadium1,083.33 GuineaJacktan4 HamburgMeile8,238 HanoverMeile8,114 HungaryMeile9,139 IndiaWarsa24.89 ItalyMile2,025 JapanInk2.038 LeghornMiglio1,809 LeipsieMeile (post)7,432 LithuaniaMeile9,781 MaltaCanna2.29 MecklenburgMeile8,238 MexicoLegua4,638 MilanMigliio1,093.63 MochaMile2,146 NaplesMiglio2,025 NetherlandsMijle1,093.63 Place.Measure.U. S. Yards. NorwayMile12,182 PersiaParasang6,076 PolandMile (long)8,100 PortugalMitha2,250 PortugalVara3.609 PrussiaMile (post)8,238 RomeKilometre1,093.63 RomeMile2,025 RussiaVerst1,166.7 RussiaSashine2.33 SardiniaMiglio2,435 SaxonyMeile (post)7,432 SiamRoenung4,333 SpainLeague legal4,638 SpainLeague, common6,026.24 SpainMilla1,522 SwedenMile1
Holland (Netherlands) (search for this): chapter 15
LeipsieMeile (post)7,432 LithuaniaMeile9,781 MaltaCanna2.29 MecklenburgMeile8,238 MexicoLegua4,638 MilanMigliio1,093.63 MochaMile2,146 NaplesMiglio2,025 NetherlandsMijle1,093.63 Place.Measure.U. S. Yards. NorwayMile12,182 PersiaParasang6,076 PolandMile (long)8,100 PortugalMitha2,250 PortugalVara3.609 PrussiaMile y be found among most barbarous nations and among some who have retained primitive customs. 1. The domestic ovens are of three kinds: — a. Stove ovens. b. Dutch ovens, so called. c. Out-ovens, heated by fuel. These resemble the baker's ovens. a. Stove ovens are usually a part of the stove, and vary in their positioning containing an oven encompassed by the caloric current. It combines in small compass heating and cooking arrangements. Heating stove with oven. b. The Dutch oven, so called, is of two kinds. One is a skillet or baking-pot, used in cooking by wood coals on the hearth, the iron pot being set upon a bed of hot coals and
Breme (Bremen, Germany) (search for this): chapter 15
indicator, the clock which forms part of the machine keeps the tell-tale hand moving at a rate which credits the driver with eight kilometers (about five miles) an hour, or two francs, according to the Parisian tariff. Table of Lengths of Foreign Road Measures. Place.Measure.U. S. Yards. ArabiaMile2,146 AustriaMeile (post)8,297 BadenStuden4,860 BelgiumKilometre1,093.63 BelgiumMeile2,132 BengalCoss2,000 BirmahDain4,277 BohemiaLeague (16 to 1°)7,587 BrazilLeague (18 to 1°)6,750 BremenMeile6,865 BrunswickMeile11,816 CalcuttaCoss2,160 CeylonMile1,760 ChinaLi608.5 DenmarkMul8,288 DresdenPost-meile7,432 EgyptFeddan1.47 EnglandMile1,760 FlandersMijle1,093.63 FlorenceMiglio1,809 France 1, 60931 miles = 1 kilometre. Kilometre1,093.6 GenoaMile (post)8,527 GermanyMile (15 to 1°)8,101 GreeceStadium1,083.33 GuineaJacktan4 HamburgMeile8,238 HanoverMeile8,114 HungaryMeile9,139 IndiaWarsa24.89 ItalyMile2,025 JapanInk2.038 LeghornMiglio1,809 LeipsieMeile (po
Nuremberg (Bavaria, Germany) (search for this): chapter 15
horizontal rail and operated the bellows with their feet, as at F, Fig. 3425. It is said that half-notes were invented at Venice in the twelfth century, but the earliest authentic example of their introduction was in the Halberstadt organ, built about 1360. The invention of the pedal is claimed for Bernhard, a German organist to the doge of Venice, 1470-80. He probably made some improvement in that appendage, but it appears to have been in use nearly a century previous. The organ of Nuremberg had pipes from 16 to 32 feet long, A. D. 1468. In 1596, the organ of Breslau had most of the now known stops. It would seem that up to the fifteenth century organs were generally constructed by the monks, but about this period organ-builders by profession were to be found both in England and on the Continent. The earliest recorded in England was William Wotton, who, in 1587, agreed to make a pair of organs for Merton College, Oxford, for the sum of pound28. The German and Dutch b
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 15
light as 63° to 65°. Dr. White of New Orleans found that one per cent of naphtha added to an oil which flashed at 133° Fah. caused it to flash at103° 2 per cent92° 5 per cent83° 10 per cent59° 20 per cent40° Ordinary kerosene, having a gravity of 47° B., flashes at 86° Fah. An oil which will not flash below 100° may be made by running off the naphtha to 58° B., and exposing the oil in shallow tanks to the sun or a strong light for a day or two. The average yield of crude Pennsylvania oil is stated to be : — Gasolene1 1/2 Refined naphtha10 Benzine4 Refined petroleum or kerosene55 Lubricating oil17 1/2 Paraffine2 Loss, gas, and coke10 —— 100 By cracking it can be made to yield, — Crude naphtha20 Burning oil66 Coke and loss14 —– 100 Oil-safe. A storage-vessel for oil, protected from access of fire, and measurably from the heat of the surrounding atmosphere. It consists of a vessel of sheet-metal with soldered joints in a bo
Haarlem (Netherlands) (search for this): chapter 15
he slides are pierced with holes corresponding in number and size with those of the soundboard, so that by drawing out or pushing in any particular slide, it is caused to open or close the holes in the sound-board, and supply or cut off the air from the range of pipes above it. In organs of the largest class as formerly constructed the operation of the keys was a work requiring, in addition to musical skill, a large amount of hard bodily labor. It is said that the performer on the great Haarlem organ was obliged to strip preparatory to commencing his work, and retired covered with perspiration at the end of the hour's performance. This is one of the largest instruments in Europe, having 60 stops and 8,000 pipes. One at Seville has 5,300 pipes. The expenditure of wind varying greatly, according to the series of notes produced, the tension of the air supply was very different at different times, causing a variation in the purity of the tone and difficulty in opening the valves wh
Poland (Poland) (search for this): chapter 15
re. Kilometre1,093.6 GenoaMile (post)8,527 GermanyMile (15 to 1°)8,101 GreeceStadium1,083.33 GuineaJacktan4 HamburgMeile8,238 HanoverMeile8,114 HungaryMeile9,139 IndiaWarsa24.89 ItalyMile2,025 JapanInk2.038 LeghornMiglio1,809 LeipsieMeile (post)7,432 LithuaniaMeile9,781 MaltaCanna2.29 MecklenburgMeile8,238 MexicoLegua4,638 MilanMigliio1,093.63 MochaMile2,146 NaplesMiglio2,025 NetherlandsMijle1,093.63 Place.Measure.U. S. Yards. NorwayMile12,182 PersiaParasang6,076 PolandMile (long)8,100 PortugalMitha2,250 PortugalVara3.609 PrussiaMile (post)8,238 RomeKilometre1,093.63 RomeMile2,025 RussiaVerst1,166.7 RussiaSashine2.33 SardiniaMiglio2,435 SaxonyMeile (post)7,432 SiamRoenung4,333 SpainLeague legal4,638 SpainLeague, common6,026.24 SpainMilla1,522 SwedenMile11,660 SwitzerlandMeile8,548 TurkeyBerri1,828 TuscanyMiglio1,809 VeniceMiglio1,900 O-don′ta-gra. A form of dental forceps. O-don′to-graph. (Gearing.) An instrument for marki
Braunschweig (Lower Saxony, Germany) (search for this): chapter 15
which forms part of the machine keeps the tell-tale hand moving at a rate which credits the driver with eight kilometers (about five miles) an hour, or two francs, according to the Parisian tariff. Table of Lengths of Foreign Road Measures. Place.Measure.U. S. Yards. ArabiaMile2,146 AustriaMeile (post)8,297 BadenStuden4,860 BelgiumKilometre1,093.63 BelgiumMeile2,132 BengalCoss2,000 BirmahDain4,277 BohemiaLeague (16 to 1°)7,587 BrazilLeague (18 to 1°)6,750 BremenMeile6,865 BrunswickMeile11,816 CalcuttaCoss2,160 CeylonMile1,760 ChinaLi608.5 DenmarkMul8,288 DresdenPost-meile7,432 EgyptFeddan1.47 EnglandMile1,760 FlandersMijle1,093.63 FlorenceMiglio1,809 France 1, 60931 miles = 1 kilometre. Kilometre1,093.6 GenoaMile (post)8,527 GermanyMile (15 to 1°)8,101 GreeceStadium1,083.33 GuineaJacktan4 HamburgMeile8,238 HanoverMeile8,114 HungaryMeile9,139 IndiaWarsa24.89 ItalyMile2,025 JapanInk2.038 LeghornMiglio1,809 LeipsieMeile (post)7,432 Lithuania
Venice (Italy) (search for this): chapter 15
inLeague, common6,026.24 SpainMilla1,522 SwedenMile11,660 SwitzerlandMeile8,548 TurkeyBerri1,828 TuscanyMiglio1,809 VeniceMiglio1,900 O-don′ta-gra. A form of dental forceps. O-don′to-graph. (Gearing.) An instrument for marking orhorizontal rail and operated the bellows with their feet, as at F, Fig. 3425. It is said that half-notes were invented at Venice in the twelfth century, but the earliest authentic example of their introduction was in the Halberstadt organ, built about 1360. The invention of the pedal is claimed for Bernhard, a German organist to the doge of Venice, 1470-80. He probably made some improvement in that appendage, but it appears to have been in use nearly a century previous. The organ of Nurembtubes. The Duke of Mantua had an organ in which the pipes and other parts were made of alabaster. A pair of organs at Venice were made all of glass, and of the eight in the convent of the Escurial, near Madrid, one is said to be made of solid sil<
Citronelle (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 15
iquors. BergamotCitrus aurantiumS. Europe, etcRind of fruit affords an oil. Much used in perfumery, essences, etc. CajeputMetaleuca cajeputiMoluccasA volatile oil which dissolves India-rubber. CamphorCamphora officinarumChina, etcA solid essential oil. Used in medicine, etc. CedarCedrus rubraGenerallyWood yields an essential oil. Used in perfumery, etc. ChamomileAnthenus nobilisEuropeThe dried flowers afford an essential oil. CitronCitrus medicaEuropeFragrant oil. Used by perfumers. CitronelleAndropogon citratumIndia, etcObtained from lemon-grass. Used in perfumery. CloveCaryophyllus aromaticusTropicsFragrant oil. Used in perfumery. FennelFoeniculum vulgareBritain, etcUsed in medicine. GrassAndropogon (various)IndiaObtained from various Indian grasses. Used in perfumery and medicine. JasmineJasminaceaeAsia, EuropeA perfume. Obtained from the flowers by placing them in tallow and extracting by means of alcohol the volatile principle. LavenderLavendula vera et spicaEuropeO
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