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ضغن

1 ضَغِنَ ذ , (AZ, S, Msb, K,) aor. ضَغَنَ , (Msb, K,) inf. n. ضَغَنٌ (AZ, S, Msb, TA) and ضِغْنٌ, (AZ, TA,) or the latter is a simple subst., (Msb,) He, (S, K,) or it, i. e. one's bosom, (Msb,) was, or became, affected with rancour, malevolence, malice, or spite; (S, Msb, K;) or, said of a man, his bosom was, or became, affected therewith; (AZ, TA;) عَلَيْهِ against him. (S.) [See also ضِغْنٌ below.] ― -b2- And, (IAar, S, K,) aor. and inf. ns. as above, (TA,) He inclined, (IAar, S, K, TA,) إِِلَيْهِ towards him, (IAar, TA,) and عَلَيْهِ against him, (TA,) and إِِلَى الدُّنْيَا [towards the present world, or worldly things]. (S, K.) And ضَغِنَتِ القَنَاةُ, inf. n. ضَغَنٌ, (tropical:) The spear-shaft was, or became, crooked. (TA.) ― -b3- Also, (K, TA,) aor. and inf. ns. as above, (TA,) He was, or became, affected with desire, or with yearning or longing of the soul. (K, TA.) 6 تَضَاغُنٌ ذ The conceiving, or being affected with, mutual rancour, malevolence, malice, or spite. (KL, and Har p. 43.) You say, تضاغنوا and ↓ اضطغنوا They had, or held, in the heart, feelings of mutual rancour, malevolence, malice, or spite. (S, K.) 8 إِِضْتَغَنَ see what next precedes. ― -b2- One says also, اضطغن عَلَى فُلَانٍ ضَغِينَةً He conceived, or concealed, [in his heart,] rancour, malevolence, malice, or spite, against such a one. (TA.) ― -b3- And اضطغنهُ He took it (i. e. a thing, and weapon, S) beneath his حِضْن [or the part between his armpit and flank, &c.]: (S, K:) and he carried him (i. e. a child) in that part, or in his bosom. (TA.) ― -b4- الاِضْطِغَانُ is also syn. with الاِشْتِمَالُ, which is The putting [a portion of] the garment beneath [and within] the right arm, [app. from behind,] and the other end beneath the left arm, and drawing it [i. e. the garment] together with the left hand. (TA. [But see اِشْتَمَلَ.]) ضِغْنٌ ذ [said by some to be an inf. n.: (see 1:)] Rancour, malevolence, malice, or spite; (S, Msb, K;) as also ↓ ضَغِينَةٌ : (S, K:) or both signify vehement rancour &c.; and enmity; and violent hatred: (TA:) the pl. of the former is أَضْغَانٌ; (MA, Msb;) and that of ↓ the latter is ضَغَائِنُ, (MA,) and ↓ ضَغِينٌ may be a pl. of ضَغِينَةٌ, [or rather a coll. gen. n.,] or the ة may be elided by poetic license; or these two may be dial. vars., like حُقٌّ and حُقَّةٌ [accord. to some], and بَيَاضٌ and بَيَاضَةٌ. (TA.) One says, when he has sought to gain a person's good will, or approval, سَلَلْتُ ضِغْنَ فُلَانٍ and ↓ ضَغِينَتَهُ [I drew forth the rancour, &c., of such a one]. (TA.) And a woman who hates her husband is said to be ذَاتُ ضِغْنٍ عَلَى زَوْجِهَا [One who has a feeling of rancour, &c., against her husband]. (TA.) ― -b2- And Difficulty of disposition in a beast: so in the phrase ذَاتُ ضِغْنٍ [A beast (دَابَّةٌ) having a difficult disposition]. (TA.) See also the phrase ذَاتُ شَغْبٍ وَضِغْنٍ, applied to a she-ass, in art. شغب. ― -b3- And Inclination. (S, K.) One says, ضِغْنِى إِِلَى فُلَانٍ My inclination is towards such a one. (S.) ― -b4- And Desire; or yearning or longing of the soul. (K, TA.) One says نَاقَةٌ ذَاتُ ضِغْنٍ meaning A she-camel yearning towards, or longing for, her home, or accustomed place, (S, TA,) and her mates. (S. [See a verse cited voce رِفَاقٌ.]) And sometimes ضِغْنٌ is thus used, metaphorically, in relation to women. (TA.) -A2- Also A side; or a region, quarter, or tract; syn. نَاحِيَةٌ. (K.) ― -b2- And The إِِبْط [i. e. foot, bottom, or lowest part,] of a mountain: thus correctly, as in the “ Nawádir: ” in the copies of the K, الجَمَل is erroneously put for الجَبَل. (TA.) ضَغِنٌ ذ Affected with rancour, malevolence, malice, or spite; as also ↓ ضَاغِنٌ . (Msb.) ― -b2- And قَنَاةٌ ضَغِنَةٌ (tropical:) A crooked spear-shaft. (S, K, TA.) ― -b3- See also ضَاغِنٌ. ضَغُونٌ ذ A horse, and a mare, that runs like him who reverts from the state in which he was, or from the course that he was following. (AO, TA. [See also ضَاغِنٌ.]) ضَغِينٌ ذ : see ضِغْنٌ. ضَغِينَةٌ ذ : see ضِغْنٌ, in three places. الضَّغِينِىُّ ذ The lion: (K, TA:) as though a rel. n. from الضَّغِينَةُ: because he is very rancorous, malevolent, malicious, or spiteful. (TA.) ضَاغِنٌ ذ : see ضَغِنٌ. ― -b2- Also A horse that will not exert his power of running unless beaten; (S, K, TA;) and so ↓ ضَغِنٌ . (S, * TA. [See also ضَغُونٌ.]) مُضَاغِنٌ ذ One who treats, or regards, his brother with rancour, malevolence, malice, or spite, or with enmity, being so regarded, or treated, by him; as also ↓ مُضْطَغِنٌ . (TA.) مُضْطَغِنٌ ذ : see what next precedes.

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