At the close of this year, in Athens Diophantus entered upon
the archonship, and in Rome, in place of consuls, the consular magistracy was exercised by six
military tribunes, Lucius Valerius, Marcus Furius, Quintus Servilius, and Quintus
After these men had assumed their magistracies the Boeotians
and Athenians, together with the Corinthians and the Argives, concluded an alliance with each
It was their thought that, since the Lacedaemonians
were hated by their allies because of their harsh rule, it would be an easy matter to overthrow
their supremacy, given that the strongest states were of one mind. First of all, they set up a
common Council in Corinth to which they sent representatives to form plans, and worked out in
common the arrangements for the war. Then they dispatched ambassadors to the cities and caused
many allies of the Lacedaemonians to withdraw from them;
at once all of Euboea and the Leucadians joined them, as well as the Acarnanians, Ambraciots,
and the Chalcidians of Thrace.
They also attempted to persuade
the inhabitants of the Peloponnesus to revolt from the Lacedaemonians, but no one listened to
them; for Sparta, lying as it does along the side of it, was a kind of citadel and fortress of
the entire Peloponnesus.
Medius, the lord of Larissa in Thessaly, was at war with Lycophron, the tyrant of Pherae, and
when he asked for aid to be sent him, the Council dispatched to him two thousand soldiers.
After the troops had arrived Medius seized Pharsalus, in
which there was a garrison of Lacedaemonians, and sold the inhabitants as booty. After this the
Boeotians and Argives, parting company with Medius, seized Heracleia in Trachis; and on being
admitted at night within the walls by certain persons, they put to the sword the Lacedaemonians
whom they seized but allowed the other Peloponnesians to leave with their possessions.
They then summoned to the city the Trachinians whom the
Lacedaemonians had banished from their homes,3
and gave them the city as their dwelling place; and indeed they were the most
ancient settlers of this territory. After this Ismenias, the leader of the Boeotians, left the
Argives in the city to serve as its garrison and himself persuaded the Aenianians and the
Athamanians to revolt from the Lacedaemonians and gathered soldiers from among them and their
allies. After he had recruited a little less than six thousand men, he took the field against
While he was taking up quarters in Naryx in
Locris, which men say was the birthplace of Ajax, the people of the Phocians came against him
in arms under the command of Alcisthenes the Laconian.
and protracted battle followed, in which the Boeotians were the victors. Pursuing the fugitives
until nightfall, they slew not many less than a thousand, but lost of their own troops in the
battle about five hundred.
After the pitched battle both
sides dismissed their armies to their native lands, and the members of the Council in Corinth,
since affairs were progressing as they desired, gathered to Corinth soldiers from all the
cities, more than fifteen thousand infantry and about five hundred cavalry.