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Summary of Book XXXVIII

The consul Marcus Fulvius besieged the Ambraciots in Epirus and received their surrender, subdued Cephallania, and granted peace to the conquered Aetolians. Gnaeus Manlius his colleague defeated the Gallogrecians, that is, the Tolostobogii, the Tectosagi and the Trocmi, who had crossed into Asia under the leadership of Brennus, when they alone of the peoples on this side of the Taurus mountain did not offer submission. Their origin and the manner in which they gained control of the districts which they hold are recorded. An example also of virtue and chastity in a woman is reported. She, being the wife of the king of the Gallogrecians, and being a prisoner, slew a centurion who had violated her. The lustrum was closed by the censors. The number of citizens rated was two hundred and fifty-eight thousand three hundred and ten. A treaty of friendship was concluded with Ariarathes, king of Cappadocia. Gnaeus Manlius, despite the opposition of the ten commissioners by whose advice he had put into form the treaty with Antiochus, having pleaded his cause in person before the senate, triumphed over the Gallogrecians. Scipio Africanus, having been accused, as some say, by Quintus Petillius the tribune of the people, as others say, by Naevius, on the ground that he had cheated the treasury of booty taken from Antiochus, when the day came and he was summoned to the Rostra, said: “On this day, citizens, I conquered Carthage,” and with the people attending him ascended the Capitoline. Then, to avoid being further annoyed by the attacks of the tribunes, he withdrew to Liternum in voluntary exile. It is uncertain whether he died there or in Rome; [p. 215] for there was a tomb to him in each place. Lucius Scipio Asiaticus, the brother of Africanus, was accused and convicted on the same charge of embezzlement, and, when he was being led to chains and prison, Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, tribune of the people, who had formerly been an enemy of the Scipios, intervened for him, and in return for that act of kindness was given the daughter of Africanus in marriage. When the quaestors had been sent to take possession, on behalf of the state, of the property of Scipio, not only was there no trace of the king's wealth discovered, but by no means was there as much found as would equal the amount of the fine. A countless amount of money collected by his relatives and friends he refused to accept; what was necessary for a decent existence for him was redeemed.

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load focus Latin (W. Weissenborn, H. J. Müller, 1911)
load focus Latin (Evan T. Sage, Ph.D., 1936)
load focus English (Rev. Canon Roberts, 1912)
load focus Latin (W. Weissenborn, 1873)
load focus English (Evan T. Sage, Ph.D., 1936)
load focus English (William A. McDevitte, Sen. Class. Mod. Ex. Schol. A.B.T.C.D., 1850)
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