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AQUAE IASAE (Varaždinske Toplice) Croatia, Yugoslavia.

A spa ca. 12 km S-SE of Varaždin is in the territory of the Illyrian tribe of Iasi where there developed an important settlement in the 1st and 2d c. A.D. Being at a crossroads the hot springs attracted many visitors, who left votive monuments especially to the Nymphs and to Silvanus. In the 2d c. A.D. the respublica Poetoviensis, to whose territory Aquae Iasae belonged, built a sanctuary to the Nymphs there. Constantine the Great reconstructed the bath buildings after a fire and built porticos.

Systematic excavation has uncovered the bath complex, forum, and capitolium, where a fine statue of Minerva was discovered. The earlier architecture was mainly wooden and large oak beams were found preserved by layers of mineral. The pottery was imported from Italy, Germania, and Gallia, but local production kept the native traditions. M. Fabius Fabullus, legatus Augusti provinciae Africae, came here as a patient in the middle of the 1st c. A.D. The settlement was destroyed in the end of the 4th c.

The finds are preserved in a local collection and in the Archaeological Museum at Zagreb.


V. Hoffiller & B. Saria, Antike Inschriften aus Jugoslawien, I (1938) 205-11; B. Vikić-Belančić & M. Gorenc, “Arheološka istraživanja antiknog kupalištra u Varaždinskim Toplicama,” Vjesnik Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu 1-3 (1958-68).


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