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LIVERDUN Meurthe-et-Moselle, France.

This market town, situated on a rocky spur dominating the Moselle ca. 15 km downstream from Toul (Tullum Leucorum), has produced a few ancient remains. But its immediate vicinity has contributed considerable evidence for a fairly dense occupation from prehistoric to Merovingian times. In 1967 excavations during the building of a private house at the locality called Rupt-Chaudron brought to light the foundations of a fairly large Gallo-Roman villa. A cellar, which perhaps served as a sanctuary, was explored first. It was finished with two air vents and one niche filled with abundant constructional debris and artifacts: painted plaster, small marble slabs, pieces of a table and a column, iron tools for handicrafts, a small bronze vase, fibulae, bone pins, 3d c. coins, and an interesting medallion with an effigy of Antinoüs (on the reverse, a bull). Near this cellar a small building contained a hypocaust with 42 small brick piers. To the S was a hemicycle, no doubt for a heated pool. Also to the S was a small rectangular structure (1.2 x 1.8 m), the walls of which were lined with a row of bricks covered with waterproof cement. This was no doubt a cold bathing pool. The whole of this establishment seems to have been destroyed during the invasions of the mid 3d c.


R. Billoret in Gallia 28 (1970).


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