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ἀπειλέω (B), 3dual impf. Act. ἀπειλήτην, Ep. for ἠπειλείτην, Od. 11.313: later Ep. pres. ἀπειλείω Musae.122, Nonn.D.20.204:—
A.hold out either in the way of promise or threat, and therefore:
II. commonly in bad sense, threaten, in Hom. either abs., as Il.2.665, Od.21.368: or (more freq.) c. dat. pers., ib.20.272, etc.: c.acc. cogn., αἶψα δ᾽ ἀναστὰς ἠπείλησεν μῦθον spake a threatening speech, Il.1.388; ἀπειλὰς ., v. ἀπειλή; δείν᾽ ἀπειλήσων ἔπη E. Supp.542: freq. with neut. Pron. or Adj., “. τόγε θυμῷIl.15.212; ταῦτα, πολλὰ ., Hdt.7.18, 1.111, Th.8.33, etc.; “πύργοις . δεινάA. Th.426; “τοῦτ᾽ ἀπειλήσας ἔχειςS.OC817.
2. with acc. of the thing threatened, “θάνατον . ὃς ἂν . .Hdt.4.81; “ξίφοςPlu.Pomp.47; “ζημίας . κατά τινοςId.Cam.39; ἠπείλησαν τοὺς ἄρχοντας threatened them with the prefects, Lib.Or.47.7.
3. dependent clauses were added in fut. inf., “γέρας . . ἀφαιρήσεσθαι ἀπειλεῖςIl.1.161, cf. 15.179, Od.11.313; “σφέας . . ἀπείλεε ἐκτρίψεινHdt.6.37; “. δράσειν τιE.Med. 287; “. ἀποκτενεῖνLys.3.28: rarely in pres. inf., “ἠπ. . . ἑλκέμενIl. 9.682: after Hom. in aor. inf., X.Mem.3.5.4, HG5.4.7, Theoc.24.16.
III. Pass., ἀπειλοῦμαι, of persons, to be terrified by threats, Id.Smp.4.31.
IV. later in Med., with aor. 1 “-ησάμηνApp.BC3.29, Polyaen.7.35.2: c. inf., forbid with threats,ἀπειλησώμεθα αὐτοῖς μηκέτι λαλεῖνAct.Ap.4.17.
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