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ἀπολύω [v. λύω], fut. -λύσω, etc.: fut. Pass.
b. freq. in legal sense, . τῆς αἰτίης acquit of the charge, Hdt.9.88, X.An.6.6.15; opp. καταψηφίζω, Democr.262; “τῆς εὐθύνηςAr.V.571: c. inf., . τινὰ μὴ φῶρα εἶναι acquit of being a thief, Hdt.2.174; so “ἀπολύεται μὴ ἀδικεῖνTh.1.95, cf. 128: abs., acquit, Ar.V.988,1000, Lys.20.20, etc.
II. in Il. always, = ἀπολυτρόω, release on receipt of ransom,οὐδ᾽ ἀπέλυσε θύγατρα καὶ οὐκ ἀπεδέξατ᾽ ἄποινα1.95; “Ἕκτορ᾽ ἔχει . . οὐδ᾽ ἀπέλυσεν24.115, al.:—Med., set free by payment of ransom, ransom, redeem,χαλκοῦ τε χρυσοῦ τ᾽ ἀπολυσόμεθ᾽at a price of . ., Il.22.50 (but Act. in Prose, “ἀπολύειν πολλῶν χρημάτωνX.HG4.8.21).
2. let go, let alone, leave one, of an illness, Hp.Coac.564.
III. discharge, disband an army, “. οἴκαδεX.HG6.5.21; generally, dismiss, discharge,ἐμὲ . . ἀπέλυσ᾽ ἄδειπνονAr.Ach. 1155, cf. Bion 1.96.
2. divorce a wife, Ev.Matt.1.19, etc.; “τὸν ἄνδραD.S.12.18.
3. do away with, remove,αἰσχύνηνD.20.47:—Pass., Antipho 2.1.5.
4. discharge or pay a debt, Pl.Cra.417b; pay,. τὸν χαλκόνPTeb.490 (i B. C.); pay off a mortgage, POxy.509.15.
IV.. ἀνδράποδα Θρᾳξίνsell, Antipho 5.20; . οἰκίαν τινί sell a mortgaged house outright, Is.6.33.
V. deliver,τί τινιPFlor. 123.2 (iii A. D.): —Pass., ib.228.6 (iii A. D.).
VI. begin to count, [μοίρας] ἀπό . . Vett. Val. 135: abs., Id.19.19, Paul.Al.Q.2.
VII. intr., depart (cf. B.IV, C. 2), Plb.3.69.14, al.
B. Med. with aor. 2 ἀπελύμην (in pass. sense), Opp.C.3.128:— redeem, v. supr. A.11.
II. ἀπολύεσθαι διαβολάς do away with, refute calumnies against one, Th.8.87, Pl.Ap.37b, al.: abs., Arist.Rh.1416b9.
b. refute,τοὺς ἐναντίους λόγουςDam.Pr.126 ter: abs., “ δὲ ἀπολυόμενος ἔφηin defence, Hdt.8.59.
IV. like Pass. (c. 11), depart, S.Ant.1314; also, put off,πνεῦμα .AP9.276 (Crin.); but “πνεῦμα μελῶν ἀπέλυεIG14.607e (Carales).
II. of combatants, to be separated, part,οὐ ῥᾳδίως ἀπελύοντοTh.1.49; generally, to be separated or detached, ἀλλήλων or ἀπ᾽ ἀλλήλων, Arist.Metaph.1031b3, Ph.185a28; “. τὰ ᾠὰ τῆς ὑστέραςId.GA754b18, al.; ἀπολελυμένος, abs., detached, αἰδοῖον, γλῶττα, ὄρχεις, Id.HA500b2, 533a27, 535b2; τὴν γλῶτταν . having its tongue detached, Id.Fr.319, al.; also, distinct, differentiated, Id.HA497b22.
2. depart, ἔθανες, ἀπελύθης, S.Ant.1268 (lyr.), cf. Plb.6.58.4, al., LXX Nu.20.29, al.; cf. supr. B. IV.
III. of a child, to be brought forth, Hp.Superf.11, cf. 24, Arist.GA745b11; of the mother, to be delivered, Hp.Epid.2.2.17.
IV. to be annulled, Arist. EN1156a22.
V. ἀπολελυμένος, η, ον, absolute, esp. in Gramm., D.T. 636.15, A.D.Synt.97.20, al.: also, general, of meaning, Olymp.Alch. p.72B.
VI. of metres, irregular, without strophic responsion, Heph.Poëm.5.
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