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σθένος , εος, τό,
A.strength, might, esp. bodily strength, freq. in Il., less freq. in Od.; “κάρτεΐ τε σθένεΐ τεIl.17.329; ἀλκῆς καὶ σθένεος ib. 499; “χερσίν τε ποσίν τε καὶ σθένει20.361; ποδῶν χειρῶν τε ς. Pi.N.10.48; opp. φρήν, ib.1.26; “γνῶμαι πλέον κρατοῦσιν σθένος χερῶνS.Fr. 939: c.inf., ἐν δὲ ς. ὦρσεν ἑκάστῳ . . πολεμίζειν strength to war, Il.2.451; “ς. ποιεῖν εὖ φερέγγυονA.Eu.87; “ς. ὥστε καθελεῖνE.Supp.66 (lyr.): less freq. of the force of things, as of a stream, Il.17.751; “ς. ἀελίουPi.P.4.144; [“ἄρουραι] σθένος ἔμαρψανId.N.6.11: σθένει by force, S.OC 842 (lyr.), E.Ba.953; λόγῳ τε καὶ σθένει both by right and might, S. OC68; “ὑπὸ σθένουςE.Ba.1127; παντὶ σθένει with all one's might, freq. in treaties, SIG122.6, al., Foed. ap. Th.5.23, Pl.Lg.646a—the only phrase in which early prose writers use the word (cf. infr. 111); found in LXX, Jb.4.10, al.
2. later, generally, strength, might, power, moral as well as physical, “ἀνάγκηςA.Pr.105; “τῆς ἀληθείαςS.OT369; ἀγγέλων ς. their might or authority, A.Ch.849: c. gen. obj., ἀγωνίας ς. strength for conflict, Pi.P.5.113 (s.v.l., -ίαις Bgk.); εἰ ς. λάβοιμι if I should gain strength enough, S.El.333, cf. 348, etc.
II. a force of men, Il.18.274; ἐπελθὼν οὐκ ἐλάσσονι ς. S.Aj.438: but in both places sense 1.1 is more prob.
2. metaph., quantity, profusion, “ς. πλούτουPi.I.3.2; ὕδατος, νιφετοῦ, Id.O.9.51, Fr.107.11.
III. periphr., like βίη, ἴς, μένος, ς. Ἰδομενῆος, Ὠρίωνος, Ὠαρίωνος, etc., for Idomeneus, Orion, etc. themselves, Il.13.248, 18.486, Hes.Op.598, etc.; ς. ἵππων, ἵππιον, Id.Sc.97, Pi.P.2.12, etc.:—in Pl. Phdr.267c, Χαλκηδονίου ς. is ironical.
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