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Ζζ , ζῆτα (q.v.), τό, indecl., seventh (later sixth) letter of Gr. alphabet (cf. IG14.2420): as numeral ζ́
A.= ἑπτά and ἕβδομος ς´, i.e. ϝϝαῦ, the digamma, being retained to represent ἕξ, ἕκτος), but ζ᾽ = 7,000.
0-0.Zeta, being a double consonant (pronounced either as zd or as dz acc. to dialect and date), made a short vowel at the end of the foregoing syllable long by position; exc. before pr. names, which could not otherwise come into the hexam., “ἄστυ^ ΖελείηςIl.4.103, 121; “ὑλήεσσα^ Ζάκυνθοςh.Ap.429, etc.: afterwds. pronounced as Engl. z, cf. “ζμῆνοςPCair.Zen.151.4 (iii B.C.), ζμύρνης ib.9 (iii B.C.), ἀμφιζβήτησιν Mitteis Chr.31 viii 6 (ii B.C.), cf. Ael.Dion.Fr.187; sts. σζ was written, “ἐνδέσζμουςIG22.1672.308 (iv B.C.), “θυσιάσζεινIG 3.73.
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