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λύσις [υ^], εως, Ion. ιος, , (λύω)
2. abs., οὐ γὰρ λ. ἄλλη στρατῷ πρὸς οἶκον no other means of letting the host loose from port for home, S.El.573.
3. deliverance from guilt by expiatory rites, ὅπως λ. τιν᾽ ἡμὶν εὐαγῆ πόρῃς may'st grant us a deliverance such as may purify us, Id.OT921; οὐδ᾽ ἔχει λύσιν [τὰ πήματα] admit not of atonement, Id.Ant.598 (lyr.); “λύσεις τε καὶ καθαρμοὶ ἀδικημάτωνPl.R.364e; τῇ [τῆς φιλοσοφίας] λύσει καὶ καθαρμῷ by her offer to release them, Id.Phd.82d; αἱ νομιζόμεναι λ., in cases of homicide, Arist.Pol.1262a32; λ. ἁμαρτημάτων blotting out of sins, Ph.2.151.
4. redemption of mortgage or pledge, [“χωρίον] πεπραμένον ἐπὶ λύσειIG2.1103, al., cf. 12(7).55.14 (Amorgos), 12(8).18 (Lemnos).
b. release, discharge from a financial obligation, “λύσιν ποιήσασθαι τῆς συγχωρήσεωςBGU1115.46 (i B. C.), etc.
II. loosing, parting, “λ. καὶ χωρισμὸς ψυχῆς ἀπὸ σώματοςPl.Phd.67d; simply, “ τοῦ σώματος λ.Id.Ax.371a; dissolution, “πολιτείαςId.Lg.945c; “νόμων πολιτείαςArist.Pol.1268b30; “βίου λύσιν ἔσχεIG14.140 (Syracuse); “λ. κομήτου Mete.86.25; τῶν σφραγίδων αἱ λ. breaking them, Luc.Alex. 20.
2. emptying, evacuation, πείνη μέν που λ. καὶ λύπη; Pl.Phlb.31e; λ. τῶν κοιλιῶν, κοιλίας, Arist.Pr.947b29, Dsc.1.64 (v.l.); emission of semen, Alex.Aphr.Pr.1.125 (pl.).
3. λ. πυρετοῦ remission of fever, Gal.11.28; λ., opp. κρίσις, Id.9.732; cure, Anon.Lond.3.20; τὰ πάθη defined as συστολαὶ καὶ λύσεις (v.l. χύσειςτῆς ψυχῆς, opp. κρίσεις, Zeno Stoic.3.113 = 1.51.
4. as a technical term,
b. refutation of an argument, Arist.SE179a27, Rh. 1402b23, al.
c. unravelling of the plot of a tragedy, opp. δέσις, Id.Po.1454a37 (pl.), 1455b24.
d. softening of a strong expression, Longin.38.5.
e. resolution of one vowel into two, as in ἥλιος, ἠέλιος, like διαίρεσις, Demetr.Eloc.70.
f. looseness of structure in writing, esp. asyndeton, ib.192, al.
g. in metric, resolution of _ into ^^, Heph.6.
5. divorce, 1 Ep.Cor.7.27; “λ. γάμουJust.Nov.140 Prooem., cf. 117 tit.
III. = δόρπου λ., place for banqueting (cf. “κατάλυσις11), Pi.O.10(11).47.
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hide References (25 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (25):
    • Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 1153b.5
    • Aristotle, Poetics, 1455b.24
    • Aristotle, Poetics, 1454a.37
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.139
    • Hesiod, Theogony, 637
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 404
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.655
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.421
    • Lysias, On a Wound by Premeditation, 13
    • New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 7.27
    • Plato, Laws, 945c
    • Plato, Republic, 364e
    • Plato, Republic, 515c
    • Plato, Republic, 532b
    • Plato, Phaedo, 67d
    • Plato, Phaedo, 82d
    • Plato, Philebus, 31e
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 598
    • Sophocles, Electra, 573
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 921
    • Demosthenes, Letters, 3.39
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 1171
    • Polybius, Histories, 30.19.5
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.102
    • Lucian, Alexander, 20
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