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σίνομαι , Aeol. σίννομαι dub. in Sapph.12; 2sg. pres. or aor. subj.
A.σίνηαιOd.12.139: Ion. impf. σινέσκετο, -οντο, Hes.Fr.117, Od.6.6: fut. σινήσομαι f.l. in Hp.Mul.1.52: aor. 3pl. “ἐσίναντοHdt.8.31, “-έατοId.7.147 codd.:—codd. give a form σινέομαι in Hdt.4.123, 5.81, Hp. Morb.4.41,53, etc.; but σίνομαι is the only form in Hom., and prob. should be restored everywhere:—Act. σίνω Ion. for βλάπτω acc. to Gal.15.662; σίνομαι Pass., IG22.1126.42 (Amphict. Delph.), Orph. A.211. [ι_ in the Verb (exc. perh. in Sapph.12); ι^ in σίνις, σίνος, ἀσι^νής.]
I. harm, hurt, do one harm or mischief, Hom., only in Od. (but v. infr. 11, and cf. σίντης), of plunderers and marauders, οἵ σφεας σινέσκοντο, of the Cyclopes who used to plunder the Phaeacians, Od.6.6; ὅτε μοι σίνοιτό γ᾽ ἑταίρους, of Scylla destroying Odysseus' comrades, 12.114; εἰ δέ κε σίνηαι (sc. Ἠελίου βόας) 11.112, cf. “ἀσινής; οὐ σινέσκετο καρπόνHes.Fr.117; in later Ep., ἀλώπηξ . . σινομένα τὰν τρώξιμον plundering the grapes, Theoc.1.49; “ς. ἔπαυλα καὶ . . ἄνδραςAP6.262 (Leon.), cf.A.R.1.951,1260, etc.; in Prose, pillage, waste a country, Hdt.5.74, 6.97, 8.31; “τὴν ΜηδικήνX.Cyr.5.5.4; waste, destroy the crops, Hdt.1.17, 4.123; “αἰ δέ κα σίνηται [τοὺς καρπούς], ἀποτεισάτω τὰ ἐπιτίμια σινόμενοςGDI5040.28 (Crete), cf. Tab.Heracl.1.129, X.Cyr. 3.3.15; “ἐὰν ὑποζύγιον . . σίνηταί τι τῶν πέλαςPl.Lg.936e.
II. generally, injure, “αἰδώς, τ᾽ ἄνδρας μέγα σίνεταιHes.Op.318 (interpol. in Il.24.45, v. Sch.), cf. Phld.Piet.p.93 G.; [“ κροκόδειλος] οὐδὲν ς. τὸν τροχίλονHdt.2.68; τὴν ἕδραν τοῦ ἵππου μὴ ς. not to hurt his back, X. Eq.12.9, cf. Thphr.HP9.18.3; αἰ δὲ σίναιτο ἀφακεσάσθω if he damages the utensils, he must make it good, Mnemos.57.208 (Argos, vi B.C.); esp. in war, injure, harass, “ς. τὸν στρατόνHdt.5.27; τοὺς πολεμίους μέγα ς. Id.7.147, cf. 9.49, X.An.3.4.16; opp. ὠφελεῖν, Id.Lac.12.5.—Never in Trag., once in Pl., freq. in X.; once in non-literary Pap., BGU248.17 (i A.D.).
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (25):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.97
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.17
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.68
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.123
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.27
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.74
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.81
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.147
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.31
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.49
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 318
    • Homer, Odyssey, 6.6
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11.112
    • Homer, Odyssey, 12.114
    • Homer, Odyssey, 12.139
    • Plato, Laws, 936e
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 3.4.16
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 3.3.15
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 5.5.4
    • Xenophon, Constitution of the Lacedaimonians, 12.5
    • Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship, 12.9
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.45
    • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1.1260
    • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1.951
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