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A deity of the lower world, sprung from Chaos. From him and his sister Nyx (Night) came Aether and the Day (Hesiod, Theog. 123 foll.).


A dark and gloomy region in the lower world, where all is dreary and cheerless. According to the Homeric notion, Erebus lay between the earth and Hades, beneath the latter of which was Tartarus. It was therefore not an abode of the departed, but merely a passage from the upper to the lower world. Oriental scholars derive the name Erebus from the Hebrew 'ereb, evening.

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