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Latest from the North.

We have received, through special arrangement. Northern dates of the 16th inst. The following is a summary of the news:

From Vicksburg.--The Washington Star, of the 14th says Rosecrans has telegraphed that information had reached his headquarters that the rebels had evacuated Vicksburg. For some days the Navy Department has had information that they were moving their stores, &c., from Vicksburg. back into the interior.

From Tennissee--Cincinnati, March 15.--A portion of Richardson's guerilla force is reported surprised and captured near Covington, Tenn.--Their camp was destroyed. General Looney's camp, at Wesley, was also surprised and a large portion captured, together with Looney, Major Banford, Capt. Bright, and Lieut. Williams.

New York March 15.--The prize steamer Adela has arrived; also the Aragn, from Port Royal, with General Naglee and Staff. General Terry mnan a General Foster's forces.

The Yazoo Pass--Chicago, March 14.--Special despatches from Memphis, of the 11th, say that Gaimby's Division has probably gone to reinforce the expedition said to have passed Yazoo city and captured the rebel fleet of transports rendezvousing here for a long time.

The same "report" comes from Cincinnati, and adds: "General Porter momentarily expected intelligence from Haines's Bluff announcing the arrival of our forces, which would be the signal for a combined attack upon the fortifications."

From Rosecrans's Army.--Gincinnaet, March 14.--Rosecrans's army is in fice condition. An expedition went as for as columbia, but found no against the enemy. Gustillan had burned the bridge over Stone river. The roads are rapidly drying.

Ca March 14.--An important movement of troops is taking place below, and important results may soon be expected. Yazoo Pass is likely to give us an advantage not heretofore appreciated Officers last from Vicksburg say the stronghold and soon capitulate or do worse.

New York March 15.--An immense gathering at the A canemy of Music, on the adopted, with the plan of organization for the Loyal Union General Scott was chosen President. He was prevented by illness from presiding. General Wool, Cochran, J. T. Brady. ex-Governor Wright of Indiana, and Johnson of Tennessee, were present.

National Finances.--The Herald has information from Washington that Secretary Chase has been very successful in making arrangements in New York for extensive loans, which will relieve the wants of the Government to such an extent as to periods any probability of an additional issue of legal tenders.

Washington, March 14.--The Senate yesterday again refused to confirm Judge Wylie, who was confirmed on Thursday, and then reconsidered on Friday, he having made threats against Senator in words used in Executive section. The District Court will consequently have but three Judges till next December. Judge Carter, Chief Justice, will organize the Court to morrow. Several Major. Generals and Brigadiers were rejected. The President sent to the Senate the nomination of Carl Sehorz as Major-General, and, on Senator Harris's opposing his confirmation over Gen. Stahl, he was also appointed. A large number of chaplains were defeated, on the ground that they were useless.

Col. Cassins M, Clay will leave for Russia in a few days.

The State Department is said to be without replies to Seward's rejection of Napoleon's mediation.

The receipts of internal revenue for last week were $1,000,000, an increase over the previous week of nearly $400,000.

The weather is extremely cold here to-day, snow and hall with thunder and lightning.

Treatment of Disloyal Persons--[Official Dispatch from Halleck to Rosecrans]--Washington, March 15.--Under date of March 5, 1863, Halleck writes Rosecrans that the suggestion's of Generals Reynolds and Thomas in regard to more rigid treatment of all disloyal persons within the lines of your army, are approved. You have already been urged to procure your subsistence, forage, and means of transportation so far as is possible, in the country occupied. This you have a right to do without instructions. You have power to enforce all the laws and usages of war, however rigid and severe these may be unless forbidden or restricted. You must be the judge when it is best to be rigid or lenient: 1st Protect and pay for property of the truly loyal. 24 Non combatants are supposed to sympathize with the rebellion.--There can be no such thing as neutrality — foreign persons only are neutrals, and are not to be molested, although subject to forced loans and other military necessities. If they rise in arms against military authority, they are military traitors, and incurpenalty of death. They cannot be prisoners of war, and their property is liable to military confiscation. If they give information, they are spies or military traitors. Such have been treated too leniently.--penalties should be rightly enforced.--3d. Those who are avowedly hostile, but do not bear arms, may be treated as prisoners of war, and be imprisoned or expelled as non combatantousmies. They should not be permitted to go at large. To force them into the enemy's lines adds to his effective force to imprison, requires guares, and diminishes our effective force. You must determine in each case what will be most advantageous. It is time the laws of war should be more rigorously enforced against them. The laws of civilized war must be your golds, and you may decide for yourself untrammeled by minute instructions.

[The above is the substance of the long letter.]

Admiral Porter is assured that the Indianola has been blown to atom.--not even a gun was saved.

The United States Senate adjourned sine dis at 2 o'clock on Saturday.

A man named Owen Callan, with about forty letters for the rebel Government officials and other parties in Richmond and North Carolina, was captured on Saturday and committed to the old Capitol prison.

Two hundred and eighty rebel prisoners were conveyed to day from the old Capitol prison to the steamer, to be taken to City Point. They were enthusiast calls saluted, both at the prison and the wharf, by a large number of persons including many women, and were evidently delighted thereat.

John W. Nosil, late member of Congress from Missouri, died to day, after several weeks' Illness.

From Gen. Hooker's Grand Army.--A special correspondence, dated near Falmouth, Va., March 13 says:‘"Rumors are life that the rebels are moving large bodies to attempt dressing above here.--If so, they will be suitably accommodated. The balloons have been removed from the Phillipe House to Falmouth to get a better view. It ascends within short range of the enemy's guns, but they do not molest it. On the Peninsula they used to fire at the balloons. Here we secure their good behavior by the fact our guns cover Fredericksburg, and would probably retaliate. The rebel officers decline giving Richmond papers to our flag of truce officers. This is regarded as rather favorable to our cause. They get none of our papers except occasionally an illustrated paper or two. On Thursday the chaplain of the 72d Pennsylvania regiment married George Green, a one armed exrebel soldier, 22 years of age, to Mrs. Mary E. Sullivan, a blooming bride of 45 summers, with a grown-up daughter and three small children.--Both are residents of Falmouth. There was great rejoicing, and a big bonfire kept up till a late hour."’

From Paisfax Court House.--March 14. --Moselay's raid still exercises the Yankees. Two notorious bush whackers were captured at a house between Ball and Cub Runs. The "unprincipled fellow" who were engaged in the "disgraceful affair" of giving information to the actors in the late said are being arrested J. H. Barnes, of Germantown a smuggler, etc., and J. H. and W. M. Mills near Sudley's Millis, and a young lady, whose father was arrested last week, have all been arrested. Papers were found which proved that another raid was planned for to night (14 b). W. B. Hutchinson, of Gun Run, a member of the 4th Virginia (Black Horse) cavalry; on detached duty, was brought in and committed.

London, February 28.--A correspondent says:

‘ "The politicians and editors have settled down into the conviction that Mr. Seward must speedily be dismissed in compliance with the peremptory demand of the French Government [in consequence of the Mercier correspondence, on which he says, but one view seems to be entertained.] Intervention in some way, and at any hazard, has been determined on as a measure of French policy. An open eruption cannot now be prevented without that sacrifice of the national honor and dignity which is now hulled as inevitable by the unfriendly British press. "

’ From Vicksburg.--Cincinnati, March 15.--All quiet at Vicksburg. The river is very high. The back water had broken through the levee and filed up the canal, rendering work on it impossible.--The river at Memphis was within fourteen inches of high-water mark, and rising two or three inches per day.

Arrest of a Judge.--Judge Constable, of the 4th judicial Circuit Court or Illinois, has been arrested by order of Gen. Wright for resisting the arrest of deserters. He will be tried by the United States Court at Indianapolis.

Indianapolis, March 13.--Two Sergeants arrested four deserters in Clark county, Ill. Judge Constable held the Sergeants for kidnapping and committed them to jail, setting the four deserters at liberty. Col. Carrington was ordered to arrest the Judge, which he did on the adjournment of the Court. There was no excitement. Three of the deserters were re-arrested.

From Mississippi.--Wayne county is full of Union men. Forty were captured five miles from Florence. The ringleader shot his guard, but after a desperate resistance was retaken and hung. Maj. Baxter was "betrayed and gobbled up by ten well armed" Union men.

New York, March 14.--Exchange, 175 ½ to 176½ Gold is lower — opened at 56½ and closed at 57½ @58 premium.

Hon. J. J. Crittenden was in Baltimore on the 13th, and is for fighting to the last, and will not ask for peace or compromise.

The Cincinnati Times is shocked at a pamphlet which calls Lincoln "Such a Monster," and says: ‘"Of the interior, inferno type history has furnished but two parallels, Caligula and Abraham Lincoln! [gather hard on Cadgula.] It is circulated by thousands."’

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