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The liver is on the right side: in this part is situate what has been called the " head of the entrails," and it is subject to considerable variations. No liver1 at all was found in a victim which was sacrificed by M. Marcellus, about the period when he was killed in battle against Hannibal; while in a victim which was slain on the following day, a double liver was found. It was wanting, also, in a victim sacrificed by C. Marius, at Utica, and in one which was offered by the Emperor Caius2 upon the calends of January,3 on the occasion of his entering the year of the consulship in which he was slain: the same thing happened, also, to his successor, Claudius, in the month in which he was cut off4 by poison. When the late Emperor Augustus was sacrificing at Spoletum, upon the first day of his entering on the imperial dignity, in six different victims the liver was found rolled over within itself, from the very lowest lobe; and the answer that was given by the diviners was to the effect that, in the course of the year, he would gain a twofold sway. It is of evil omen to find an incision in the head of the entrails, except on occasions of disquietude and alarm; for then it is significant of cutting all cares, and so putting an end to them. The hares that are found in the vicinity of Briletum5 and Tharne, and in the Chersonnesus on the Propontis, have a double liver; but, what is very singular, if they are removed to another place, they will lose one of them.

1 Plutarch says that it was the "caput," or "head" of the liver that was wanting. M. Marcellus was slain while reconnoitring the Carthaginian camp by night.

2 Caligula.

3 1st of January.

4 By his niece and wife, Agrippina, the mother of Nero.

5 See B. iv. c. 11. Tharne does not seem to be known. Of course, this story about the hares is fabulous.

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