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For the cure of gout and of diseases of the joints, oil is useful in which the intestines of frogs have been boiled. Ashes, too, of burnt bramble-frogs1 are similarly employed, with stale grease; in addition to which, some persons use calcined barley, the three ingredients being mixed in equal proportions. It is recommended too, in cases of gout, to rub the parts affected with a sea-hare,2 fresh caught, and to wear shoes made of beaver's skin, Pontic beaver more particularly, or else of sea-calf's3 skin, an animal the fat of which is very useful for the purpose: the same being the case also with bryon, a plant of which we have already spoken,4 similar to the lettuce in appearance, but with more wrinkled leaves, and destitute of stem. This plant is of a styptic nature, and, applied topically, it tends to modify the paroxysms of gout. The same, too, with sea-weed, of which we have also spoken already;5 due precaution being taken not to apply it dry.

Chilblains are cured by applying the pulmo marinus;6 ashes of sea-crabs with oil; river crabs,7 bruised and burnt to ashes and kneaded up with oil; or else fat of the silurus.8 In diseases of the joints, the paroxysms are modified by applying fresh frogs every now and then: some authorities recommend that they should be split asunder before being applied. The liquor from mussels9 and other shell-fish has a tendency to make flesh.

1 "Rubetæ." See c. 18 of this Book; also B. viii. c. 48; B. xi. cc. 19, 76, 116, and B. xxv. c. 76.

2 See B. ix. c. 72; B. xxv. c. 77, and Chapter 3 of this Book.

3 Or seal-skin. See B. viii. c. 49, and B. ix. c. 15,

4 In B. xxvii. c. 33.

5 In B. xxvi. c. 66.

6 Or "sea-lungs." See B. ix. c. 71, B. xviii. c. 5, and Chapters 32, 46, and 52 of the present Book. Ajasson remarks that this is still the common name of many kinds of Medusæ.

7 Our crawfish.

8 See B. ix. cc. 17, 25, 75.

9 "Mituli." See Chapter 31 of the present Book.

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