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Afterwards, now that the state was emboldened and much money had been collected, he began to advise them to aim at the leadership, and to come down from their farms and live in the city, telling them that there would be food for all, some serving in the army and others as frontier-guards and others conducting the business of the community, and then by this method they would keep the leadership. [2] Having taken this advice and won the empire, they treated the allies too masterfully, except Chios, Lesbos and Samos, which they kept as outposts of empire, and allowed to have their own governments and to rule the subjects that they had at the time. [3] They also established a plentiful food-supply for the multitude, as Aristeides had proposed; for the combined proceeds of the tributes and the taxes and the allies served to feed more than twenty thousand men. For there were six thousand jurymen, one thousand six hundred archers and also one thousand two hundred calvary, five hundred members of the Council, five hundred guardians of the docks, and also fifty watchmen in the city, as many as seven hundred officials at home and as many as seven hundred1 abroad; and in addition to these, when later they settled into the war, two thousand five hundred hoplites, twenty guard-ships and other ships conveying the guards to the number of two hundred elected by lot; and furthermore the prytaneum,2 orphans, and warders of prisoners—for all of these had their maintenance from public funds.

1 The number is probably repeated from the previous line by mistake; otherwise 'also' would be added.

2 The town-hall, probably in the old Agora, south of the Acropolis; in it a fire was kept continually burning, and the Prytaneis dined.

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hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references to this page (2):
    • W. W. How, J. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus, 5.97
    • W. W. How, J. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus, 9.22
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (1):
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