When Lysicrates was archon in Athens
, in Rome
the consuls elected
were Gaius Nautius Rutilus and Lucius Minucius Carutianus. During this year Pericles, the
general of the Athenians, landed in the Peloponnesus
and ravaged the territory of the Sicyonians.
And when the
Sicyonians came out against him in full force and a battle was fought, Pericles was victorious,
slew many as they fled, and shut them up in their city, to which he laid siege. But when he was
unable by making assaults upon the walls to take the city, and when, besides, the
Lacedaemonians sent aid to the besieged, he withdrew from Sicyon
; then he sailed to Acarnania
where he overran the territory of Oeniadae, amassed much booty, and then sailed away from
this he arrived at the Cherronesus2
and portioned out the land in allotments to one thousand
citizens. While these events were taking place, Tolmides, the other3
general, passed over into Euboea
and divided it and the land of the Naxians among another
As for the
events in Sicily
, since the Tyrrhenians were
practising piracy at sea, the Syracusans chose Phayllus as admiral and sent him to Tyrrhenia.
He sailed at first to the island known as Aethaleia4
and ravaged it, but he secretly
accepted a bribe of money from the Tyrrhenians and sailed back to Sicily
without having accomplished anything worthy of mention.
The Syracusans found him guilty of treachery and exiled him, and
choosing another general, Apelles, they dispatched him with sixty triremes against the
Tyrrhenians. He overran the coast of Tyrrhenia and then passed over to Cyrnus,5
was held at those times by the Tyrrhenians, and after sacking many places in this island and
subduing Aethaleia, he returned to Syracuse
accompanied by a multitude of captives and not a little other spoil.
And after this Ducetius, the leader of the Siceli, gathered all the cities which were
of the same race, with the exception of Hybla, into one and a common federation; and being an
energetic man, he was always grasping after innovations, and so he gathered a large army from
the Sicilian League and removed the city of Menae, which was his native state, and planted it
in the plain. Also near the sacred precinct of the Palici, as they are called, he founded an
important city, which he named Palice after the gods just mentioned.