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When Dion was on the borders of the Syracusan territory, there came to meet him a host of men without arms both from the countryside and from the city; for Dionysius, being suspicious of the Syracusans, had disarmed many of them. [2] About this time the tyrant was sojourning in the newly founded cities1 along the Adriatic with large forces, and the commanders who had been left in charge of the garrison of Syracuse at first attempted to summon back the Syracusans from their revolt, but when the impulse of the mobs could not be checked they gave up in despair and gathered mercenaries and those who favoured the cause of the tyrant, and having filled their ranks decided to attack the insurgents. [3] Dion distributed the five thousand suits of armour2 to such of the Syracusans as were unarmed, and equipped the rest as well as he could with weapons that came to hand. Then having brought them all to a general assembly, he disclosed that he had come for the liberation of the Greeks of Sicily, and he urged them to elect as generals those men who were well qualified to effect the restoration of their independence and the dissolution of the entire tyranny. The crowd as with one voice cried out that it chose Dion and his brother Megacles3 as generals with absolute power.4 [4] Accordingly he drew up his army in line of battle immediately at the close of the assembly and advanced upon the city. Since no one disputed with him the open country, he entered fearlessly within the walls, and making his way through Achradina5 encamped in the market-place, no one daring to come out against him. [5] The whole number of the soldiers with Dion was not less than fifty thousand.6 All of these with garlands on their heads came down to the city under the leadership of Dion and Megacles and with them thirty7 Syracusans who alone of the exiles in the Peloponnese were willing to share the battles with their fellow Syracusans.

1 That Dionysius was in Italy is attested by Plut. Dion 26.1 and Nepos Dion 5.4. If Plutarch is correct in placing him at Caulonia Plut. Dion 26.4) as Diodorus does in chap. 11.3, he could not have been by the Adriatic. Caulonia, on the east coast of Bruttium, was destroyed by Dionysius the Elder in 389 B.C., its inhabitants removed to Syracuse, and its territory given to the Locrians for settlement (see Book 14.106.3). In this sense it might be called a new foundation.

2 See chap. 6.5.

3 See chap. 6.4.

4 See the interpretation of this manoeuvre by Hackforth, Cambridge Ancient History, 6.279.

5 See Plutarch's account in Plut. Dion 28-29. Achradina (Plut. Dion 29.1) is an extension of the city, covering the eastern part of the plateau of Epipolae.

6 See Plut. Dion 27.3, who says five thousand, which is undoubtedly too low an estimate as Diodorus' is too high. See Hackforth, Cambridge Ancient History, 6.278.

7 Twenty-five is the number given by Plut. Dion 22.4.

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    • Cornelius Nepos, Dion, 5.4
    • Plutarch, Dion, 22.4
    • Plutarch, Dion, 26.4
    • Plutarch, Dion, 26.1
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