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33. At about this time a Carthaginian spy who for two years had eluded capture was caught in Rome, and after his hands had been cut off, was allowed to go; and five and twenty slaves were crucified, on the charge of having conspired in the [p. 311]Campus Martius. [2] The informer was rewarded with1 freedom and twenty thousand sesterces. [3] Ambassadors were dispatched to Philip,2 King of the Macedonians, to demand the person of Demetrius of Pharus,3 who, beaten in war, had fled to him for refuge; [4] and others to expostulate with the Ligurians, because they had aided the Phoenician with supplies and men, and at the same time to observe at close range what was going on amongst the Boi and the Insubres.4 [5] Ambassadors were likewise sent to King Pineus5 in Illyria, to demand a tribute which was overdue, or, in case he wished the time extended, to take hostages. [6] So far were the Romans, though bearing upon their shoulders the burden of a mighty war, from permitting any concern of theirs to escape them, in however remote a part of the world it lay. [7] They were troubled, too, that the contract for the temple of Concord, which the praetor Lucius Manlius had vowed two years before in Gaul, during the mutiny of the soldiers,6 had hitherto not been let. [8] Accordingly the city praetor, Marcus Aemilius, appointed for the purpose two commissioners, Gaius Pupius and Caeso Quinctius Flamininus, who arranged to have the temple built on the Citadel.7

[p. 313]The same praetor, acting on instructions from the8 senate, wrote to the consuls, requesting that, if it seemed good to them, one of them would come to Rome to hold an election of consuls, and promising to appoint the comitia for the day which they [9] should designate. To this the consuls answered that they could not withdraw from the presence of the enemy without detriment to [10] the republic; it would therefore be better that the election be conducted by an interrex than that one of the consuls be called away from the seat [11] of war. To the senators it seemed preferable that the consuls should appoint a dictator to preside at the election. They appointed Lucius Veturius Philo, who named Marcus Pomponius Matho master of [12] the horse. There was a flaw in their appointment and they were commanded on the fourteenth day to resign their magistracy, whereupon the state reverted to an interregnum.

1 B.C. 217

2 Philip V., with whom the Romans were to fight the first two Macedonian wars of 216-205 B.C. and 200-197 B.C.

3 Demetrius of Pharus (an island off the coast of Illyria) had (in 229 B.C.) treacherously surrendered to the Romans the island Corcyra, of which the Illyrian queen Teuta had made him governor. Rewarded for this service with the governorship of a number of islands, he was guilty of plundering Roman allies, and Aemilius Paulus led an expedition against him which resulted (in 219) in his defeat and exile.

4 In view of the revolt recorded in xxi. xxv.

5 Whom the Romans had placed on the Illyrian throne in 228 B.C. after their defeat of Teuta.

6 Livy says nothing of this mutiny, which probably occurred (notwithstanding the phrase biennio ante) in connexion with the events related in XXI. xxv.

7 One of the two summits of the Capitoline, the other being the Capitol, where stood the temple of Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. The temple of Concord, dedicated in 216 (XXIII. xxi. 7), must not be confounded with the temple of the same goddess situated at the N.W. corner of the Forum —the ruins of which may still be seen —which was first erected in 367 by Camillus on the passing of the Licinian Laws........

8 B.C. 217

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load focus Notes (W. Weissenborn, H. J. Müller, 1884)
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load focus Summary (Latin, Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D., 1929)
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load focus Latin (Robert Seymour Conway, Charles Flamstead Walters, 1929)
load focus English (Rev. Canon Roberts, 1912)
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  • Commentary references to this page (4):
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 31-32, commentary, 32.26
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 39-40, commentary, 40.34
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 41-42, commentary, 41.1
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 43-44, commentary, 44.17
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