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1 In xv. 10 above Cornelius is represented as having evaded going to Spain, and Livy or a scribe, forgetting the fact, assumed that he had actually gone. Possibly his expulsion from the senate was due to suspicion or certainty that he had perjured himself; possibly it was due to an anti-Scipionic crusade: see also the next note.
2 B.C. 174
3 In viii. 1 Livy reported the election of Cn. Cornelius Scipio as praetor for 177 B.C. Valerius Maximus (IV. v. 3) has an anecdote of the election of Cn. Cornelius Scipio, the son of Africanus, and speaks of him as holding a judicial assignment, whereas the praetor of 177 B.C. was in Gaul. It is therefore impossible to be certain which, if either, was the son of Africanus. The basis for the expulsion of this Scipio is unknown. His election was mentioned in the lost portion of chap. xx.
4 The censor of this year was consul in 179 B.C. (a cousin of the same name was consul in 180 B.C.). Each of them seems to have had a brother Marcus, the brother of the consul of 180 B.C. perhaps having the cognomen Nobilior (XL. xli. 7-10 and the note). Possibly, however, Nobilior, who was banished in 180 B.C., is the man who is here referred to with the praenomen Lucius; he may have been expelled from the senate in 175 B.C. (XL. li. 1). Velleius (I. x. 6) calls him Fulvius Gnaeus, while Valerius Maximus (II. vii. 5) mentions him without the praenomen.
5 Aemilius was consul in 175 B.C. not in 174 B.C., and Livy is in error as to the name or as to the date.
6 The first paving outside of Rome was recorded XXXVIII. xxviii. 3; this is the first within the city.
7 B.C. 174
8 Their location is unknown; no bridges within Rome are traceable to this censorship.
9 These magistrates presided over games at which dramatic performances were given.
10 The text of this passage has suffered in various places, and no satisfactory restorations have been proposed for most of the lacunae. I have added nothing to complete the sense except “the wild beasts.” The carceres were built at the end of the race-track, so placed as to give each contestant an equal opportunity to gain the inside track. The ova were arranged on the spina, and one was taken down as each lap in the race was run. The metae marked the points around which the chariots were to go. The single syllable dam is entirely unintelligible.
11 The loss of the context leaves consulibus without a sense, and makes the entire clause doubtful in meaning.
12 This was the steep ascent from the Forum to the Capitoline.
13 The meaning is uncertain, but would seem to require two porticoes, one following the line of the Clivus Capitolinus, one branching off from it and running northward along the face or at the foot of the Capitoline, and reaching the area occupied by the temple of Concord or the Comitium. Possibly there were a senaculum and a curia.
14 Cf. XXXV. x. 12; on the Capitoline (for the comitia curiata).
15 This area lay at the south-west corner of the Aventine, along the Tiber.
16 If the phrase found in V. eo publico (see the critical note) is derived from the corruption of clivo Publicio, the temple of Venus might be the one referred to in XXIX. xxxvii. 2 as in the forum boarium, whence the clivus Publicius led to the Aventine.
17 B.C. 174
18 According to Weissenborn the words lovis aedem should be construed with both Fundis and Potentiae: cf. li. 6.
19 Or possibly “huts,” “hutments.” magalia and mapalia were Punic words, or the same Punic word, for huts or small dwellings. magalia was also used for the suburbs of Carthage. There may be a connection between magalia here and the word aviariae (which is not here translated); for Cato speaks of “magalia” as cohortes rotundae, and a cohors is a cattle-pen or a poultry-pen. Cf. Cato in Servius on Virgil Aen. i. 421 (E. H. Warmington).
20 The colonies were Pisaurum, Potentia, and Sinuessa, and possibly the three statues were erected there.
21 Cf. XXXIX. xliv. 1 etc. The censorship was particularly active in the construction of new buildings, despite the apparent conservatism of Postumius; see Tenney Frank, An Economic Survey of Ancient Rome, Vol. I. ch. iii. p. 185.
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