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A branch of a Statute made in the eight yeere of Henry the sixt, for the trade to Norwey , Sweveland , Den marke, and Fynmarke .
Another branch of a statute made in the tenth yeere of the reigne of Henry the sixt concerning the state of the English Marchants in the dominions of the king of Denmarke .
Here beginneth the Prologue of the processe of the Libel of English policie, exhorting all England to keepe the sea, and namely the narrowe sea: shewing what profite commeth thereof, and also what worship and salvation to England , and to all English-men .
Of the commodities of Brabant and Zeland and Henauld and marchandy carried by land to the martes. Cap. 8.
Of the commodities of Ireland , and policie and keeping thereof, and conquering of wild Irish : with an incident of Wales . Chap. 9.
Of the commodious Stockfish of Island, and keeping of the Sea, namely the Narrow sea , with an incident of the keeping of Caleis . Chap. 10.
After the Chapitles of commodities of divers lands, sheweth the conclusion of keeping of the sea environ, by a storie of King Edgar and two incidents of King Edward the third, and King Henrie the fifth. Chap. 11.
Another incident of keeping of the see, in the time of the marveilous werriour and victorious Prince, King Henrie the fifth, and of his great shippes.
Of unitie, shewing of our keeping of the see: with an endly or finall processe of peace by authoritie. Chap. 12.
Here endeth the true processe of the Libel of English policie, exhorting all England to keepe the sea environ: shewing what profit and salvation, with worship commeth thereof to the reigne of England .
A large Charter granted by K. Edward the 4 in the second yere of his reigne, to the marchants of England resident especially in the Netherland , for their chusing of a master and governor among themselves, which governement was first appointed unto one William Obray : with expresse mention, what authoritie he should have.
A declaration of the Indies and lands discovered, and subdued unto the Emperour , and the king of Portingal: And also of other partes of the Indies and rich countries to be discovered, which the worshipfull M. Robert Thorne merchant of London (who dwelt long in the citie of Sivil in Spaine ) exhorted king Henrie the eight to take in hand.
The booke made by the right worshipful M. Robert Thorne in the yeere 1527 . in Sivil , to Doctour Ley , Lord ambassadour for king Henry the eight, to Charles the Emperour , being an information of the parts of the world, discovered by him and the king of Portingal: and also of the way to the Moluccaes by the North.
Ordinances, instructions, and advertisements of and for the direction of the intended voyage for Cathay , com piled, made, and delivered by the right worshipfull M. Sebastian Cabota Esquier , governour of the mysterie and companie of the Marchants adventurers for the discoverie of Regions, Dominions, Islands and places unknowen, the 9. day of May , in the yere of our Lord God 1553 . and in the 7. yeere of the reigne of our most dread soveraigne Lord Edward the 6. by the grace of God, king of England , Fraunce and Ireland , defender of the faith, and of the Church of England and Ireland , in earth supreame head.
The copie of the letters missive, which the right noble Prince Edward the sixt sent to the Kings, Princes, and other Potentates, inhabiting the Northeast partes of the worlde, toward the mighty Empire of Cathay , at such time as Sir Hugh Willoughby knight , and Richard Chancelor , with their company, attempted their voyage thither in the yeere of Christ 1553 . and the seventh and last yeere of his raigne.
The true copie of a note found written in one of the two ships, to wit, the Speranza , which wintred in Lappia , where sir Hugh Willoughby and all his companie died, being frozen to death. Anno 1553 .
The names of the shippes of the fleete, and of their burden, together with the names of the Captaines, and Counsellors, Pilot Major , Masters of the ships, Marchants , with other officers, and Mariners , as hereafter followeth.
The booke of the great and mighty Emperor of Russia , and Duke of Moscovia , and of the dominions orders and commodities thereunto belonging: drawen by Richard Chancelour .
The newe Navigation and discoverie of the kingdome of Moscovia , by the Northeast, in the yeere 1553 : Enter prised by Sir Hugh Willoughbie knight, and per fourmed by Richard Chancelor Pilot major of the voyage: Written in Latine by Clement Adams .
The copie of the Duke of Moscovie and Emperour of Russia his letters, sent to King Edward the sixt, by the hands of Richard Chancelour .
Articles conceived and determined for the Commission of the Merchants of this company resiant in Russia , and at the Warhouse , for the second voyage, 1555 . the first of May , as followeth.
The letter of M. George Killingworth the companies first Agent in Moscovie , touching their interteinement in their second voyage. Anno 1555 . the 27. of November in Mosco .
A copie of the first Privileges graunted by the Emperour of Russia to the English Marchants in the yeere 1555 .
The Charter of the Marchants of Russia , graunted upon the discoverie of the saide Countrey , by King Philipe and Queene Marie .
Certaine instructions delivered in the third voyage, Anno 1556 . for Russia , to every Purser and the rest of the servants, taken for the voyage, which may serve as good and necessary directions, to all other like adven turers.
The Navigation and discoverie toward the river of Ob , made by Master Steven Burrough , Master of the Pinnesse called the Serchthrift , with divers things worth the noting passed in the yere 1556 .
Certaine notes unperfectly written by Richard Johnson servant to Master Richard Chancelour , which was in the discoverie of Vaigatz and Nova Zembla , with Steven Burrowe in the Serchthrift 1556 . and afterwarde among the Samoedes , whose devilish rites hee describeth.
A discourse of the honourable receiving into England of the first Ambassador from the Emperor of Russia , in the yeere of Christ 1556 . and in the third yeere of the raigne of Queen Marie , serving for the third voyage to Moscovie . Registred by Master John Incent Pro tonotarie.
Giftes sent to the King and Queenes Majesties of England by the Emperour of Russia , by the report of the Ambassadour , and spoyled by the Scots after the Shipwracke .
Giftes given to the Ambassadour at his departure, over and above such as were delivered unto him at his first arrivall.
The names of all such Russies as were attendant upon the Ambassadour , at and before his departure out of England .
The voyage of the foresaid M. Stephen Burrough , An. 1557 . from Colmogro to Wardhouse , which was sent to seeke the Bona Esperanza , the Bona Confidentia , and the Philip and Mary , which were not heard of the yeere before.
I observed certaine wordes of their language, which I thought good to set downe for their use, that hereafter shall have occasion to continue this voyage.
Instructions given to the Masters and Mariners to be observed in and about this Fleete, passing this yeere 1557 . toward the Bay of S. Nicolas in Russia , for this present Race to be made & returne of the same by Gods grace to the port of London , the place of their right discharge, as in the Articles ensuing is deduced.
A letter of the Company of the Marchants adventurers to Russia unto George Killingworth , Richard Gray , and Henry Lane their Agents there, to be delivered in Colmogro or els where: sent in the John Evangelist .
A Letter of Master Thomas Hawtrey to the worshipfull Master Henrie Lane Agent at Colmogro , written in Vologda the 31. of Januarie 1557 .
A Letter of Master Richard Gray one of the first Agents of the Moscovie companie to Master Henrie Lane at Mosco , written in Colmogro the 19. of Februarie 1558 .
A letter of Thomas Alcocke to the worshipfull Richard Gray , and Henrie Lane Agents in Moscovia from Tirwill in Polonia , written in Tirwill the 26. of Aprill 1558 .
A Letter of Master Anthonie Jenkinson upon his returne from Boghar to the worshipful Master Henrie Lane Agent for the Moscovie companie resident in Vologda , written in the Mosco the 18. of September, 1559 .
A Letter of the Moscovie companie to their Agents in Russia , Master Henrie Lane , Christopher Hudson , and Thomas Glover sent in their seventh voyage to Saint Nicholas with three ships, the Swallowe, the Philip and Marie , and the Jesus the fifth of May , 1560 .
The first voyage made by Master Anthonie Jenkinson , from the Citie of London toward the land of Russia , begun the twelfth of May , in the yeere 1557 .
From thence we fell with an Island, called Kettelwicke . This coast from Rost unto Lofoot lieth North and
The voyage, wherein Osep Napea the Moscovite Ambas - sadour returned home into his countrey, with his entertainement at his arrivall, at Colmogro : and a large description of the maners of the Countrey .
The names of certaine sortes of drinkes used in Russia , and commonly drunke in the Emperours Court .
The voyage of Master Anthony Jenkinson , made from the citie of Mosco in Russia , to the citie of Boghar in Bactria , in the yeere 1558 : written by himself to the Merchants of London of the Moscovie companie.
Certaine notes gathered by Richard Johnson (which was at Boghar with M. Anthony Jenkinson ) of the reports of Russes and other strangers, of the wayes of Russia to Cathaya , and of divers and strange people.
The first note given by one named Sarnichoke a Tartarian subject to the Prince of Boghar , which are also Tartars bordering upon Kizilbash or Persia , declaring the way from Astracan , being the furthest part of Russia , to Cathaya as foloweth.
The instruction of another Tartarian merchant dwelling in the citie of Boghar , as he hath learned by other his countreymen which have bene there.
The instructions of one of Permia , who reporteth he had bene at Cathay the way before written, and also another way neere the sea coast, as foloweth, which note was sent out of Russia from Giles Holmes .
Here follow certaine countreys of the Samoeds which dwell upon the river Ob , and upon the sea coasts beyond the same, taken out of the Russe tongue word by word, and travailed by a Russe borne in Colmogro , whose name was Pheodor Towtigin , who by report, was slaine in his second voyage in one of the said countreys.
The relation of Chaggi Memet a Persian Marchant , to Baptista Ramusius , and other notable citizens of Venice , touching the way from Tauris the chiefe citie of Persia , to Campion a citie of Cathay over land: in which voyage he himselfe had passed before with the Caravans.
The Queenes Majesties Letters to the Emperour of Russia , requesting licence, and safe conduct for M. Anthony Jenkinson to passe thorow his kingdome of Russia , into Persia , to the Great Sophie . 1561 .
A remembrance given by us the Governours , Consuls, and Assistants of the company of Merchants trading into Russia , the eight day of May 1561 , to our trustie friend Anthonie Jenkinson , at his departure towards Russia , and so to Persia , in this our eight journey.
A compendious and briefe declaration of the journey of M. Anth . Jenkinson , from the famous citie of London into the land of Persia , passing in this same journey thorow Russia , Moscovia , and Mare Caspium , alias Hircanum , sent and imployed therein by the right worshipfull Societie of the Merchants Adventurers , for discoverie of Lands, Islans , &c. Being begun the foureteenth day of May , Anno 1561 , and in the third yere of the reigne of the Queenes Majestie that now is: this present declaration being directed and written to the foresayd Societie.
A copie of the priviledges given by Obdolowcan King of Hircania , to the company of English merchants Adventurers for Russia , Persia , and Mare Caspium , with all the lands and countreys adjoyning to the same, obtained by M. Anthonie Jenkinson at his being there about the affaires of the said company, April 14. Anno 1563 .
The second voiage into Persia made by Tho. Alcock , who was slaine there, and by George Wrenne , & Ric. Cheinie servants to the worshipfull companie of Moscovie merchants in Anno 1563 . written by the said Richard Cheinie .
The thirde voyage into Persia , begun in the yeere 1565 . by Richard Johnson , Alexander Kitchin , and Arthur Edwards .
A letter of Arthur Edwards to M. Thomas Nicols , Secretarie to the worshipful company trading into Russia and other the North parts, concerning the preparation of their voyage into Persia .
Another letter of the said M. Arthur Edwards , written the 26. of April 1566 . in Shamaki in Media, to the right worshipful Sir Thomas Lodge Knight and Alderman: and in his absence to M. Thomas Nicols , Secretarie to the right worshipfull companie trading into Russia , Persia , and other the North and East partes, touching the successe of Richard Johnson in the third voiage into Persia .
A letter of M. Arthur Edwards , written the 8. of August 1566 . from the towne of Shamaki in Media, to the right worshipfull the Governours , Consuls, Assistants, and generalitie of the companie of Russia , &c. Shewing his accesse unto the Emperour of Persia , his conference with him, his obtaining of a priviledge, with divers other good observations.
Another letter of Arthur Edwards written in Astracan the 16. of June , 1567 . at his returne in his first voiage out of Persia , to the right worshipfull Companie trading into Russia , Persia , and other the North and Northeast partes.
These bee the names of the wares or commodities, which on the backe side of one of his letters the Shaugh hath written to you to be sent him.
The way discovered by water by us Thomas Southam & John Sparke , from the towne of Colmogro , by the Westerne bottome of the Baie of S. Nicholas , unto the citie of Novogrod in Russia , containing many particulars of the way, and distance of miles, as hereafter foloweth. Anno 1566 .
An Act for the corporation of Merchants adventurers for the discovering of new trades, made in the eight yeere of Queene Elizabeth . Anno 1566 .
A very briefe remembrance of a voyage made by M. Anthony Jenkinson , from London to Moscovia , sent from the Queenes Majestie to the Emperour , in the yeere 1566 .
The Priviledges graunted by the Emperour of Russia to the English merchants of that company: obteined the 22. of September , Anno 1567 . by M. Anthony Jenkinson .
A letter of M. Henrie Lane to M. Richard Hakluit , concerning the first ambassage to our most gracious Queene Elizabeth from the Russian Emperour anno 1567 , and other notable matters incident to those places and times.
A Letter of the most excellent Majestie of Queene Elizabeth , sent by Stephen Twerdico and Pheodata Pogorella , messengers of the Emperour of Russia , unto their Master the ninth of May 1568 .
The Ambassage of the right worshipfull Master Thomas Randolfe , Esquire , to the Emperour of Russia , in the yeere 1568 , briefly written by himselfe.
A copie of the priviledges granted by the right high and mightie Prince, the Emperour of Russia , &c. unto the right worshipfull fellowship of English merchants, for the discoverie of new trades : and hither sent by Thomas Randolfe esquire, her Majesties Ambassadour to the sayd Emperour , and by Andrew Savin his Ambassadour in the yere of our Lord God 1569 .
A Commission given by us Thomas Randolfe Ambassadour for the Queenes Majestie in Russia , and Thomas Bannister , &c. unto James Bassendine , James Woodcocke and Richard Browne , the which Bassendine , Woodcocke, and Browne we appoint joyntly together, and aiders, the one of them to the other, in a voyage of discovery to be made (by the grace of God) by them, for searching of the sea, and border of the coast, from the river Pechora , to the Eastwards, as hereafter followeth Anno 1588 . The first of August .
Certaine letters in verse, written by Master George Turbervile out of Moscovia , which went as Secretarie thither with Master Tho . Randolph , her Majesties Ambassadour to the Emperour 1568 , to certeine friends of his in London , describing the maners of the Countrey and people.
The fourth voyage into Persia , made by M. Arthur Edwards Agent , John Sparke , Laurence Chapman , Christopher Faucet , and Richard Pingle , in the yeere 1568 . declared in this letter written from Casbin in Persia by the foresaide Laurence Chapman to a worshipfull merchant of the companie of Russia in London . Anno Domini 1569 . Aprill 28.
Notes concerning this fourth voyage into Persia , begun in the moneth of July 1568 . gathered by M. Richard Willes from the mouth of Master Arthur Edwards , which was Agent in the same.
The Articles of the second priviledge delivered to Laurence Chapman , which are to be annexed unto the former priviledge.
The fift voiage into Persia made by M. Thomas Banister , and master Geofrey Ducket , Agents for the Moscovie companie, begun from England in the yeere 1568 . and continuing to the yeere 1574 . following. Written by P. I. from the mouth of M. Lionel Plumtree .
Further observations concerning the state of Persia , taken in the foresayd fift voyage into those partes, and written by M. Geffrey Ducket , one of the Agents emploied in the same.
The copy of a letter sent to the Emperour of Moscovie , by Christopher Hodsdon and William Burrough , Anno 1570 .
A letter of Richard Uscombe to M. Henrie Lane , touching the burning of the Citie of Mosco by the Crimme Tartar : written in Rose Island the 5. day of August , 1571 .
A note of the proceeding of M. Anthonie Jenkinson , Ambassadour from the Queenes most excellent Majestie, to the Emperour of Russia , from the time of his arrivall there, being the 26. of July 1571 , untill his departure from thence the 23. of July 1572 .
The names of such countries as I Anthony Jenkinson have travelled unto, from the second of October 1546 , at which time I made my first voyage out of England , untill the yeere of our Lord 1572 , when I returned last out of Russia .
A letter of James Alday to the Worshipfull M. Michael Lock , Agent in London for the Moscovie company, touching a trade to be established in Lappia , written 1575 .
The request of an honest merchant to a friend of his, to be advised and directed in the course of killing the Whale, as followeth. An. 1575 .
The deposition of M. William Burrough to certaine Interrogatories ministred unto him concerning the Narve , Kegor , &c. to what king or prince they doe appertaine and are subject, made the 23 of June , 1576 .
A dedicatorie Epistle unto the Queenes most excellent Majestie, written by Master William Burrough late Comptroller of her Highnesse navie, and annexed unto his exact and notable mappe of Russia , briefly containing (amongst other matters) his great travailes, observations, and experiments both by sea and land, especially in those Northeastern parts.
The Queenes Majesties letters to Shaugh Thamas the great Sophi of Persia , sent by Arthur Edwards , William Turnbull , Matthew Tailbois , and Peter Gerard appointed Agents for the Moscovie companie, in their sixt voyage to Persia , begun in the yeere 1579 .
Advertisements and reports of the 6. voyage into the parts of Persia and Media, for the companie of English merchants for the discoverie of new trades, in the yeeres 1579 . 1580 . and 1581 . gathered out of sundrie letters written by Christopher Burrough , servant to the saide companies, and sent to his uncle Master William Burrough .
Observations of the latitudes and meridian altitudes of divers places in Russia , from the North to the South: Anno 1581 .
Certaine directions given by M. Richard Hackluit of the Middle Temple , to M. Morgan Hubblethorne , Dier , sent into Persia , 1579 .
Commission given by sir Rowland Hayward knight, and George Barne , Aldermen and governours of the company of English Merchants , for discovery of new trades, unto Arthur Pet , and Charles Jackman , for a voyage by them to be made, for discovery of Cathay , 1580 . in forme following.
Instructions and notes very necessary and needfull to be observed in the purposed voyage for discovery of Cathay Eastwards , by Arthur Pet , and Charles Jackman : given by M. William Burrough . 1580 .
Certaine briefe advises given by Master Dee , to Arthur Pet , and Charles Jackman , to bee observed in their Northeasterne discoverie , Anno 1580 .
Notes in writing, besides more privie by mouth, that were given by M. Richard Hakluyt of Eiton in the Countie of Hereford, Esquire , Anno 1580 : to M. Arthur Pet , and to M. Charles Jackman , sent by the Merchants of the Moscovie companie for the discovery of the Northeast straight, not altogether unfit for some other enterprises of discovery, hereafter to be taken in hand.
Things to be caried with you, whereof more or lesse is to bee caried for a shew of our commodities to be made.
Tinder boxes with Steele, Flint & Matches and Tinder , the Matches to be made of Juniper to avoid the offence of Brimstone.
A letter of Gerardus Mercator , written to M. Richard Hakluyt of Oxford , touching the intended discoverie of the Northeast passage, An. 1580 .
The discoverie made by M. Arthur Pet , and M. Charles Jackman , of the Northeast parts, beyond the Island of Vaigatz , with two Barkes: the one called the George , the other the William , in the yeere 1580 . Written by Hugh Smith .
Instructions made by the company of English merchants for discovery of new trades, unto Richard Gibs , William Biggat , John Backhouse , William Freeman , John Haly , and James Woodcock , &c. masters of the 9 ships, and one barke that we had freighted for a voiage with them to be made (by the grace of God) from hence to S. Nicholas in Russia , and backe againe: which ships being now in the river of Thames are presently ready to depart upon the said voyage, with the next apt winds that may serve thereunto: and with this Fleet afterwards was joined M. Christopher Carlisle with the Tyger . The 1 of June 1582 .
The opinion of Master William Burrough sent to a friend, requiring his judgement for the fittest time of the departure of our ships towards S. Nicholas in Russia .
A copie of the Commission given to Sir Jerome Bowes , authorizing him her Majesties Ambassadour unto the Emperour of Russia , Anno 1583 .
A Letter sent from her Highnesse to the sayd great Duke of Russia , by sir Hierome Bowes aforesayd, her Majesties Ambassadour .
A briefe discourse of the voyage of Sir Jerome Bowes knight, her Majesties ambassadour to Ivan Vasilivich the Emperour of Muscovia , in the yeere 1583 .
The maner of the preferring of sutes in Russia , by the example of our English merchants bill, exhibited to the Emperour .
A letter of M. Henrie Lane to the worshipfull M. William Sanderson , conteining a briefe discourse of that which passed in the Northeast discovery for the space of three and thirtie yeres.
The most solemne, and magnificent coronation of Pheodor Ivanowich , Emperour of Russia &c. the tenth of June , in the yeere 1584 . seene and observed by Master Jerom Horsey gentleman, and servant to her Majesty, a man of great travell, and long experience in those parts: wherwith is also joyned the course of his journey over land from Mosco to Emden .
Pheodor Ivanowich the new Emperors gracious letter of privilege to the English Merchants word for word, obtained by M. Jerome Horsey , 1586 .
The Ambassage of M. Giles Fletcher , Doctor of the Civil Law , sent from her Majestie to Theodor the Emperor of Russia , Anno 1588 .
Of their mustering, and levying of forces, maner of armour, and provision of victuall for the warres.
Of the Tartars , and other borderers to the country of Russia , with whom they have most to doe in warre, and peace.
The description of the regions, people, and rivers, lying North and East from Moscovia : as the way from Moscovia to the river Petzora , and the Province Jugaria or Juhra , and from thence to the river Obi. Likewise the description of other countreys and regions, even unto the Empire of the great Can of Cathay , taken out of Sigismundus ab Herberstein .
A speciall note gathered by the excellent Venetian Cosmographer M. John Baptista Ramusius out of the Arabian Geographie of Abilfada Ismael , concerning the trending of the Ocean sea from China Northward , along the coast of Tartarie and other unknowen lands, and then running Westwards upon the Northerne coasts of Russia , and so farther to the Northwest.
The Lord Boris Pheodorowich his letter to the Right Honorable William Burghley Lord high Treasurer of England , &c.
To the right honourable my very good Lord, the Lord Boris Pheodorowich , Master of the horses to the great and mighty Emperour of Russia , his Highnesse Lieutenant of Cazan and Astracan , William Cecill Lord Burghley , Knight of the noble Order of the Garter , and Lord high Treasurer of England , sendeth greeting.
A letter from the Lord Boris Pheodorowich to the right honourable Lord William Burghley , Lord high Treasurer of England .
A most gracious Letter given to the English Merchants Sir John Hart and his company, by Theodore Ivanowich , the King, Lord, and great duke of all Russia , the onely upholder thereof.
The contents of M. Garlands Commission unto Thomas Simkinson for the bringing of M. John Dee to the Emperour of Russia his Court.
A letter to the right worshipfull M. John Dee Esquire , conteyning the summe and effect of M. Edward Garland his message, delivered to Master Dee himselfe, ( Letterwise ) for a more perfect memoriall thereof. Anno 1586 .
A branch of a letter from M. John Merick , Agent unto the Moscovie company in Russia , closed up in the Mosco the 14. of March , Anno 1597 . touching the death of Pheodor Ivanowich late Emperor of all Russia , &c.
A learned Epistle written 1581 . unto the famous Cosmographer M. Gerardus Mercator concerning the river Pechora , Naramsay , Cara reca , the mighty river of Ob , the place of Yaks Olgush in Siberia , the great river Ardoh , the lake of Kittay called of the borderers Paraha , the Countrey of Carrah Colmak , giving good light to the discovery of the Northeast passage to Cathay , China and the Malucaes .
A testimonie of the Northeasterne Discoverie made by the English , and of the profite that may arise by pursuing the same: taken out of the second volume of Navigations and Voyages, fol. 17. of the notable Cosmographer , M. John Baptista Ramusius , Secretarie to the State of Venice : Written in Italian in the yeere, 1557 .
The testimonie of Gerardus Mercator in his last large Mappe of Europe , touching the notable discoveries of the English , made of Moscovie by the Northeast.
Another testimonie of Joannes Metellus Sequanus concerning the same Navigation and Discoveries in his Preface prefixed before Osorius de rebus gestis Emanuelis Regis Portugalliae , written about the yeere, 1574 .
The miraculous victory atchieved by the English Fleete , under the discreet and happy conduct of the right honourable, right prudent, and valiant lord, the L. Charles Howard , L. high Admirall of England , &c. Upon the Spanish huge Armada sent in the yeere 1588 . for the invasion of England , together with the wofull and miserable successe of the said Armada afterward, upon the coasts of Norway , of the Scottish Westerne Isles , of Ireland , of Spaine , of France, and of England , &c. Recorded in Latine by Emanuel van Meteran in the 15. booke of his history of the low Countreys .
Certaine Englishmen sent to Constantinople by the French King to Justinian the Emperor, about the yeere of Christ , 500. out of the fourth booke of Procopius de Bello Gothico .
A testimonie of the sending of Sighelmus Bishop of Shirburne , by King Alphred , unto Saint Thomas of India in the yeare of our Lord 883, recorded by William of Malmesburie , in his second booke and fourth Chapter de gestis regum Anglorum .
A second testimony of the foresaid Sighelmus his voyage unto Saint Thomas of India &c. out of William of Malmesbury his second booke de gestis pontificum Anglorum , cap. de episcopis Schireburnensibus , Salisburiensibus , Wiltunensibus .
The voyage of Swanus one of the sonnes of Earle Godwin unto Jerusalem , Anno Dom . 1052, recorded by William of Malmsburie lib. 2. de gestis regum Anglorum , Capite 13.
A voyage of three Ambassadours , who in the time of K. Edward the Confessor, and about the yere of our Lord 1056, were sent unto Constantinople , and from thence unto Ephesus , together with the occasion of their sending, &c. recorded by William of Malmesburie , lib. 2. de gestis regum Anglorum , capite 13.
The voyage of Alured bishop of Worcester unto Jerusalem , an. 1058. Recorded by Roger Hoveden in parte priore Annalium , fol. 255. linea 15.
The voyage of Ingulphus Abbat of Croiland unto Jerusalem , performed (according to Florentius Wigorniensis ) in the yeere of our Lord, 1064, and described by the said Ingulphus himselfe about the conclusion of his briefe Historie.
Divers of the honourable family of the Beauchamps , with Robert Curtoys sonne of William the Conqueror, made a voyage to Jerusalem 1096. Hol . pag. 22. vol. 2.
The voyage of Gutwere an English Lady maried to Baldwine brother of Godfreide duke of Bouillon , toward Jerusalem about 1097. And the 11. yeere of William Rufus King of England .
Chronicon Hierosolymitanum in lib. 3. cap. 27. maketh also mention of this English Lady , which he calleth Godwera in this maner.
The voyage of Edgar the sonne of Edward which was the sonne of Edmund surnamed Ironside , brother unto K. Edward the confessor, (being accompanied with valiant Robert the sonne of Godwin ) unto Jerusalem , in the yeere of our Lord 1102. Recorded by William of Malmesburie , lib. 3. histo. fol. 58.
Mention made of one Godericus , a valiant Englishman , who was with his ships in the voyage unto the Holy land in the second yeere of Baldwine King of Jerusalem , in the third yere of Henry the first of England .
Mention made of one Hardine of England one of the chiefest personages, and a leader among other of two hundred saile of ships of Christians that landed at Joppa in the yeere of our Lord God 1102.
A Fleete of Englishmen , Danes , and Flemmings , arrived at Joppa in the Holy land , the seventh yeere of Baldwine the second king of Hierusalem . Written in the beginning of the tenth booke of the Chronicle of Hierusalem , in the 8. yeere of Henry the first of England .
English men were the guard of the Emperours of Constantinople in the reigne of John the sonne of Alexius Comnenus . Malmesburiensis , Curopolata and Camden , pag. 96.
The woorthy voiage of Richard the first, K. of England into Asia , for the recoverie of Jerusalem out of the hands of the Saracens , drawen out of the booke of Acts and Monuments of the Church of England , written by M. John Foxe .
An annotation concerning the travailes of the sayd Baldwine , taken out of Giraldus Cambrensis , in his Itinerarium Cambriae , lib. 2. Cap. 14. Fol . 229.
A note drawen out of a very ancient booke remaining in the hands of the right worshipfull M. Thomas Tilney Esquire , touching Sir Frederike Tilney his ancestor, knighted at Acon in the Holy land for his valour, by K. Richard the first, as foloweth.
The large contribution to the succour of the Holy land , made by king John king of England , in the third yeere of his reigne 1201. Matth . Paris and Holinsh . pag. 164.
The voyage of Ranulph earle of Chester , of Saer Quincy earle of Winchester , William de Albanie earle of Arundel , with divers other noble men to the Holy land, in the second yere of K. Henry the third. Matth . Paris . Holensh . pag. 202.,
The voyage of Petrus de Rupibus bishop of Winchester , to Jerusalem in the yere of grace 1231, and in the 15 of Henry the third.
The honourable and prosperous voyage of Richard earle of Cornewall , brother to king Henry the third, accompanied with William Longespee earle of Sarisburie , and many other noble men into Syria .
The comming of the Emperour of Constantinople called Baldwine into England in the yere 1247, out of Matth . Paris , & Holensh . pag. 239. vol. 2.
The voyage of William Longespee Earle of Sarisburie into Asia , in the yeere 1248, and in the 32 yeere of the reigne of Henry the third, king of England .
This note following, concerning the aide and assistance of the English Marchants , given to King John the first of Portugal , for the winning of Ceut in Barbarie , which was the first occasion of all the Portugall discoveries, is taken out of Thomas Walsinghams Latine Chronicle . Anno 1415 .
The voyage of Macham an Englishman , wherein he first of any man, discovered the Iland of Madera , recorded verbatim in the Portugall historie, written by Anthonio Galvano .
Anthony Beck bishop of Durisme was elected Patriarch of Hierusalem , and confirmed by Clement the fift bishop of Rome : in the 34 yere of Edward the first. Lelandus .
The voyage of Matthew Gourney , a most valiant English Knight , against the Moores of Algier in Barbarie and Spaine . M. Camden pag. 159.
The voyage of Henrie Earle of Derbie , after Duke of Hereford , and lastly Henry the fourth king of England , to Tunis in Barbarie , with an army of Englishmen written by Polidore Virgill . pag. 1389.
The Historie is somewhat otherwise recorded by Froysard and Holenshed in manner following, pag. 473.
The memorable victories in divers parts of Italie of John Hawkwood English man in the reigne of Richard the second, briefly recorded by M. Camden , pag. 339.
The voyage of the Lord John of Holland , Earle of Huntington , brother by the mothers side to King Richard the second, to Jerusalem and Saint Katherins mount.
The voiage of Thomas lord Moubray duke of Norfolke to Jerusalem , in the yeere of our Lord 1399. written by Holinshed , pag. 1233.
The comming of the Emperor of Constantinople into England , to desire the aide of Henry the 4. against the Turkes , 1400 .
The voiage of the bishop of Winchester to Jerusalem , in the sixt yeere of the reigne of Henry the fift, which was the yeere of our Lord, 1417 . Thomas Walsing .
A preparation of a voyage of King Henrie the fourth to the Holy land against the infidels in the yere 1413 , being the last yere of his reigne: wherein he was prevented by death: written by Walsingham , Fabian , Polydore Virgile , and Holenshed .
An ambassage from Don Ferdinando , brother to the emperor Charles the 5. unto king Henry the 8. in the yere 1527 . desiring his aide against Solyman the great Turke . Holinshed . pag. 894.
A letter of the king of England Henry the eight, to John king of Portugale , for a Portingale ship with the goods of John Gresham and Wil. Locke with others, unladen in Portugale from Chio .
A voyage made with the shippes called the Holy Crosse , and the Mathew Gonson , to the Iles of Candia and Chio , about the yeere 1534 , according to a relation made to Master Richard Hackluit , by John Williamson , Cooper and citizen of London , who lived in the yere 1592 , and went as cooper in the Mathew Gonson the next voyage after.
Another voyage to the Iles of Candia and Chio made by the shippe the Mathew Gonson , about the yeere 1535 , according to the relation of John Williamson , then Cooper in the same ship, made to M. Richard Hackluit in the yeere 1592 .
The Epitaph of the valiant Esquire M. Peter Read in the south Ile of Saint Peters Church in the citie of Norwich , which was knighted by Charles the fift at the winning of Tunis in the yeere of our Lord 1538 .
The voyage of Sir Thomas Chaloner to Alger with Charles the fift 1541 , drawen out of his booke De Republica Anglorum instauranda.
The voyage of M. Roger Bodenham with the great Barke Aucher to Candia and Chio , in the yeere 1550 .
The safeconduct or priviledge given by Sultan Solyman the great Turke , to master Anthony Jenkinson at Aleppo in Syria , in the yeere 1553 .
The woorthy enterprise of John Foxe an Englishman in delivering 266. Christians out of the captivitie of the Turkes at Alexandria , the 3. of Januarie 1577 .
The copie of the certificate for John Fox , and his companie, made by the Prior, and the brethren of Gallipoli , where they first landed.
The King of Spaine his letters to the Lieutenant, for the placing of John Fox in the office of a Gunner.
The renuing and increasing of an ancient and commodious trade unto diverse places in the Levant seas, and to the chiefest partes of all the great Turks dominions, by the meanes of the Right worsh. citizens Sir Edward Osburne Alderman , and M. Richard Staper marchant of London .
The letters sent from the Imperiall Musulmanlike highnesse of Zuldan Murad Can , to the sacred regall Majestie of Elizabeth Queene of England , the fifteenth of March 1579 , conteyning the grant of the first privileges.
The answere of her Majestie to the aforesaid Letters of the Great Turke , sent the 25 of October 1579 , in the Prudence of London by Master Richard Stanley .
The charter of the privileges granted to the English , & the league of the great Turke with the Queenes Majestie in respect of traffique, dated in June 1580 .
Her Majesties letter to the Turke or Grand Signior 1581 . promising redresse of the disorders of Peter Baker of Ratcliffe , committed in the Levant .
The letters patents, or privileges graunted by her Majestie to Sir Edward Osborne , Master Richard Staper , and certaine other Marchants of London for their trade into the dominions of the great Turke , in the yeere 1581 .
The first voyage or journey, made by Master Laurence Aldersey , Marchant of London , to the Cities of Jerusa lem, and Tripolis , &c. In the yeere 1581 . Penned and set downe by himselfe.
The Queenes Commission under her great seale, to her servant master William Hareborne , to be her majesties Ambassadour or Agent, in the partes of Turkie . 1582 .
The Queenes Letter to the great Turke 1582 . written in commendation of Master Hareborne , when he was sent Ambassadour .
A Letter of the Queenes Majestie to Alli Bassa the Turkes high Admirall, sent by her ambassadour M. William Hareborne , and delivered unto him aboord his gallie in the Arsenal.
A briefe Remembrance of things to be indevoured at Constantinople , and in other places in Turkie , touching our Clothing and our Dying, and things that bee incident to the same, and touching ample vent of our natural commodities, & of the labour of our poore people withall, and of the generall enriching of this Realme: drawen by M. Richard Hakluyt of the middle Temple, and given to a friend that was sent into Turkie 1582 .
Remembrances for master S. to give him the better occasion to informe himselfe of some things in England , and after of some other things in Turkie , to the great profite of the Common weale of this Countrey . Written by the foresayd master Richard Hakluyt , for a principall English Factor at Constantinople 1582 .
The voyage of the Susan of London to Constantinople , wherein the worshipfull M. William Harborne was sent first Ambassadour unto Sultan Murad Can , the great Turke , with whom he continued as her Majesties Ligier almost sixe yeeres.
A letter of the English Ambassadour to M. Harvie Millers , appointing him Consull for the English nation in Alex andria, Cairo , and other places of Egypt .
Commission given by M. William Hareborne the English Ambassadour , to Richard Forster , authorising him Consul of the English nation in the parts of Alepo , Damasco , Aman , Tripolis , Jerusalem , &c.
A letter of directions of the English Ambassadour to M. Richard Forster , appointed the first English Consull at Tripolis in Syria .
A letter to the right honourable William Hareborne her Majesties Ambassadour with the Grand Signior from Alger .
A letter of M. Harborne to Mustapha , challenging him for his dishonest dealing in translating of three of the Grand Signior his commandements.
A letter written in Spanish by Sir Edward Osborne , to the king of Alger , the 20. of July , 1584 . in the behalfe of certaine English captives there detained.
The commaundement obtained of the Grand Signior by her Majesties ambassador M. Will . Hareborne , for the quiet passing of her subjects to and from his dominions, sent in An. 1584 . to the Viceroyes of Algier , Tunis & Tripolis in Barbary .
A letter of the honorable M. Wil . Hareborne her majesties ambass. with the grand Signior to M. Tipton , appoint ing him Consul of the English in Algier , Tunis , & Tripolis of Barbarie .
Series vel registrum valoris navium, bonorum, & hominum per triremes Argerienses ereptorum, una cum capti vorum hominum nominibus, Beglerbego Argeriensi Hassano .
Nomina hominum mancipatorum & viventium tunc temporis, quando Caesar illustrissimus, & dominus Orator Chauseum Mahumetem miserunt Algiram .
To Assan Aga , Eunuch & Treasurer to Hassan Bassa king of Alger , which Assan Aga was the sonne of Fran. Rowlie of Bristow merchant, taken in the Swalow .
A petition exhibited to the Viceroy for reformation of sundry injuries offered our nation in Morea , as also for sundry demaundes needefull for the establishing of the traffike in those parts.
A commaundement to the Byes, and Cadies of Metelin and Rhodes , and to all the Cadies and Byes in the way to Constantinople .
The voyage made to Tripolis in Barbarie , in the yeere 1583 . with a ship called the Jesus , wherein the adventures and distresses of some Englishmen are truely reported, and other necessary circumstances observed. Written by Thomas Sanders .
The Queenes letters to the Turke 1584 . for the restitution of the shippe called the Jesus , and the English captives detained in Tripolie in Barbarie , and for certaine other prisoners in Argier .
The Turkes letter to the King of Tripolis in Barbarie , commanding the restitution of an English ship, called the Jesus , with the men, and goods, sent from Constantinople , by Mahomet Beg , a Justice of the Great Turkes , and an English Gentleman , called Master Edward Barton . Anno 1584 .
A letter of Master William Hareborne , the English Ambassadour , Ligier in Constantinople , to the Bassa Romadan , the Beglerbeg of Tripolis in Barbarie , for the restoring of an English shippe called the Jesus , with the goods, and men, detained as slaves, Anno 1585 .
The voyage of Master Henry Austell by Venice and thence to Ragusa over land, and so to Constantinople : and from thence by Moldavia , Polonia , Silesia and Germanie to Hamburg , &c.
A description of the yeerely voyage or pilgrimage of the Mahumitans , Turkes and Moores unto Mecca in Arabia .
The voyage and travell of M. Caesar Fredericke , Marchant of Venice , into the East India , and beyond the Indies . Wherein are conteined the customes and rites of those countries, the merchandises and commodities, aswell of golde and silver, as spices, drugges, pearles, and other jewels: translated out of Italian by M. Thomas Hickocke .
Letters concerning the voyage of M. John Newbery and M. Ralph Fitch , made by the way of the Levant Sea to Syria , and overland to Balsara , and thence into the East Indies , and beyond, In the yeere 1583 .
A letter written from the Queenes Majestie , to Zelabdim Echebar , King of Cambaia , and sent by John Newbery . In February Anno 1583 .
A letter of M. John Newbery , written from Alepo , to M. Richard Hakluit of Oxford , the 28. of May , Anno 1583 .
The voyage of M. Ralph Fitch marchant of London by the way of Tripolis in Syria , to Ormus , and so to Goa in the East India , to Cambaia , and all the kingdome of Zelabdim Echebar the great Mogor , to the mighty river Ganges, and downe to Bengala , to Bacola , and Chonderi , to Pegu , to Imahay in the kingdome of Siam , and backe to Pegu , and from thence to Malacca , Zeilan , Cochin , and all the coast of the East India : begunne in the yeere of our Lord 1583 , and ended 1591 , wherein the strange rites, maners, and customes of those people, and the exceeding rich trade and commodities of those countries are faithfully set downe and diligently described, by the aforesaid M. Ralph Fitch .
The report of John Huighen van Linschoten concerning M.Newberies and M. Fitches imprisonment, and of their escape, which happened while he was in Goa .
The voyage of M. John Eldred to Trypolis in Syria by sea, and from thence by land and river to Babylon and Balsara . 1583 .
The money and measures of Babylon , Balsara , and the Indies , with the customes, &c. written from Aleppo in Syria , An. 1584 . by M. Will . Barret .
The times or seasonable windes called Monsons , wherein the ships depart from place to place in the East Indies .
The monson from Goa to the Northward, to say, for Chaul , Diu , Cambaia , Daman , Basaim , and other places.
Hitherto I have noted the monsons of the ships departing from Goa to the Northward: Now follow the monsons wherein the ships depart from Goa to the Southward.
The second voyage of M. Laurence Aldersey , to the Cities of Alexandria , and Cayro in & AElig ;gypt. Anno 1586 .
A true report of a worthy fight, performed in the voyage from Turkie , by five Ships of London , against 11. Gallies , and two Frigats of the King of Spaines , at Pantalarea within the Streights , Anno , 1586 . Written by Philip Jones .
The second letters Patents graunted by the Queenes Majestic to the Right worshipfull companie of the English Marchants for the Levant , the seventh of Januarie 1592 .
A description of a Voiage to Constantinople and Syria , begun the 21. of March 1593 . and ended the 9. of August , 1595 . wherein is shewed the order of delivering the second Present by Master Edward Barton her majesties Ambassador, which was sent from her Majestie to Sultan Murad Can , Emperour of Turkie .
A letter written by the most high and mighty Empresse the wife of the Grand Signior Sultan Murad Can to the Queenes Majesty of England , in the yeere of our Lord, 1594 .
The voyage of Macham an English man, wherein he first of any man discovered the Iland of Madera , recorded verbatim in the Portugall history, written by Antonio Galvano .
This note following, concerning the ayde and assistance of the English Marchants , given to King John the first of Portugall , for the winning of Ceuta in Barbarie , which was the first occasion of all the Portugall discoveries, is taken out of Thomas Walsingham his Latine Chronicle . Anno 1415 .
The Ambassage which king John the second, king of Portugall , sent to Edward the fourth king of England , which in part was to stay one John Tintam , and one William Fabian English men, from proceeding in a voyage which they were preparing for Guinea, 1481 , taken out of the booke of the workes of Gracias de Resende , which intreateth of the life and acts of Don John the second, king of Portugall . Chap. 33.
A briefe note concerning an ancient trade of the English Marchants to the Canarie-ilands , gathered out of an olde ligier booke of M. Nicolas Thorne the elder a worshipfull marchant of the city of Bristoll .
A description of the fortunate Ilands , otherwise called the Ilands of Canaria , with their strange fruits and commodities: composed by Thomas Nicols English man, who remained there the space of seven yeeres together.
The originall of the first voyage for traffique into the kingdom of Marocco in Barbarie , begun in the yeere 1551 . with a tall ship called the Lion of London , whereof went as captaine Master Thomas Windam , as appeareth by this extract of a letter of James Aldaie , to the worshipfull master Michael Locke , which Aldaie professeth himselfe to have bene the first inventer of this trade.
The second voyage to Barbary in the yeere 1552 . Set foorth by the right worshipfull Sir John Yorke , Sir William Gerard , Sir Thomas Wroth , Master Frances Lambert , Master Cole , and others; Written by the relation of Master James Thomas then Page to Master Thomas Windham chiefe Captaine of this voyage.
A voiage made out of England unto Guinea and Benin in Affrike , at the charges of certaine marchants Adventurers of the Citie of London , in the yeere of our Lord 1553 .
The second voyage to Guinea set out by Sir George Barne , Sir John Yorke , Thomas Lok , Anthonie Hickman and Edward Castelin , in the yere 1554 . The Captaine whereof was M. John Lok .
The first voyage made by Master William Towrson Marchant of London , to the coast of Guinea, with two Ships, in the yeere 1555 .
Certaine Articles delivered to M. John Lok , by Sir William Gerard Knight , M. William Winter , M. Benjamin Gonson , M. Anthony Hickman , and M. Edward Castelin the 8 of September 1561 , touching a voyage to Guinea.
A letter of M. John Lok to the worshipfull company of Marchants adventurers for Guinie , written 1561 , shewing reasons for his not proceeding in a voyage then intended to the foresayd countrey.
The relation of one William Rutter to M. Anthony Hickman his master touching a voyage set out to Guinea in the yeere 1562 , by Sir William Gerard , Sir William Chester , M. Thomas Lodge , the sayd Antony Hickman , and Edward Castelin : which voyage is also written in verse by Robert Baker .
A meeting at Sir William Gerards house the 1 of July 1564 . for the setting foorth of a voyage to Guinea, with the Minion of the Queens , the John Baptist of London , and the Merline of M. Gonson .
The successe of this Voiage in part appeareth by certaine briefe relations extracted out of the second voyage of Sir John Hawkins to the West. Indies , made in the sayd yeere 1564 . which I thought good to set downe for want of further instructions, which hitherto I could not by any meanes come by, albeit I have used all possible indevour for the obtaining of the same: Take them therefore in the meane season as foloweth.
The voyage of M. George Fenner to Guinie , and the Islands of Cape Verde , in the yeere of 1566 . with three ships, to wit, the Admirall called the Castle of Comfort , the May Flower, and the George , and a Pinnasse also: Written by Walter Wren .
The Ambassage of M. Edmund Hogan , one of the sworne Esquires of her Majesties person, from her Highnesse to Mully Abdelmelech Emperour of Marocco , and king of Fes and Sus : in the yeere 1577 , written by himselfe.
The voyage of Thomas Stukeley , wrongfully called Marques of Ireland , into Barbary 1578 . Written by Johannes Thomas Freigius in Historia de caede Sebastiani Regis Lusitaniae .
Certaine reports of the province of China learned through the Portugals there imprisoned, and chiefly by the relation of Galeotto Perera , a Gentleman of good credit, that lay prisoner in that Countrey many yeeres. Done out of Italian into English by Richard Willes .
An excellent treatise of the kingdome of China , and of the estate and government thereof: Printed in Latine at Macao a citie of the Portugals in China , An. Dom . 1590 . and written Dialogue-wise . The speakers are Linus , Leo , and Michael .
A briefe relation of the great magnificence and rich traffike of the kingdome of Pegu beyond the East India , written by Frey Peter of Lisbon , to his cousin Frey Diego of Lisbon , from Cochin .
A voyage with three tall ships, the Penelope Admirall , the Marchant royall Viceadmirall , and the Edward Bonaventure Rereadmirall , to the East Indies , by the Cape of Buona Speransa , to Quitangone neere Mosambique , to the Iles of Comoro and Zanzibar on the backeside of Africa , and beyond Cape Comori in India , to the lies of Nicubar and of Gomes Polo within two leagues of Sumatra , to the Ilands of Pulo Pinaom , and thence to the maine land of Malacca , begunne by M. George Raymond , in the yeere 1591 , and performed by M. James Lancaster , and written from the mouth of Edmund Barker of Ipswich , his lieutenant in the sayd voyage, by M. Richard Hakluyt .
Certaine remembrances of an intended voyage to Brasill , and the River of Plate , by the Edward Cotton , a ship of 260 Tunnes of Master Edward Cotton of Southhampton , which perished through extreme negligence neare Rio grande in Guinie , the 17 of July 1583 .
ARTICLES of Covenants agreed upon betweene Edward Cotton Esquier , owner of the good ship called the Edward Cotton of Southhampton , and of all the marchandizes in her laden, of the one part, and William Huddie gentleman, Captaine of the said ship, John Hooper his Lieutenant, John Foster Master , Hugh Smith Pilot for the whole voyage, and William Cheesman marchant, on the other part.
A direction as well for the Captaine, and other my friends of the ship, as especially for William Cheesman Marchant , for the voyage to the river of Plate .
The confession of William Bends Masters Mate in the Edward Cotton , the 21 of October , Ann . 1584 .
The Letters patents or priviledges granted by her Majestic to certaine Noble men and Marchants of London , for a trade to Barbarie , in the yeere 1585 .
The Ambassage of Master Henry Roberts , one of the sworne Esquires of her Majesties person, from her highnesse to Mully Hamet Emperour of Marocco and the King of Fesse , and Sus , in the yeere 1585 : who remained there as Liger for the space of 3. yeeres. Written briefly by himselfe.
This is a copy well and truely translated of an edict of Muley Hamet king of Fez and Emperour of Marocco , whose tenor is as followeth: to wit, that no Englishmen should be molested or made slaves in any part of his Dominions, obtained by the aforesaid M. Henry Roberts .
A voyage to the Azores with two pinases, the one called the Serpent, and the other the Mary Sparke of Plimouth , both of them belonging to Sir Walter Ralegh , written by John Evesham Gentleman , wherein were taken the governour, of the Isle of Sainct Michael , and Pedro Sarmiento governour of the Straits of Magalanes , in the yeere 1586 .
A briefe relation of the notable service performed by Sir Francis Drake upon the Spanish Fleete prepared in the Road of Cadiz : and of his destroying of 100. saile of barks; Passing from thence all along the coast to Cape Sacre , where also hee tooke certaine Forts: and so to the mouth of the River of Lisbon , and thence crossing over to the Isle of Sant Michael , supprized a mighty Carack called the Sant Philip comming out of the East India , which was the first of that kinde that ever was seene in England : Performed in the yeere 1587 .
A Patent granted to certaine Marchants of Exeter , and others of the West parts, and of London , for a trade to the River of Senega and Gambra in Guinea, 1588 .
A voyage to Benin beyond the Countrey of Guinea , set foorth by Master Bird and Master Newton Marchants of London , with a shippe called the Richard of Arundell , and a Pinesse ; Written by James Welsh , who was chiefe Master of the said voyage, begunne in the yeere 1588 .
The voiage set forth by M. John Newton , and M. John Bird marchants of London to the kindome and Citie of Benin in Africa , with a ship called the Richard of Arundell , and a pinnesse, in the yere 1588 . briefely set downe in this letter following, written by the chiefe Factor in the voyage to the foresaid Marchants at the time of the ships first arrivall at Plimouth .
The second voyage to Benin , set foorth by Master John Newton , and Master John Bird Marchants of London in the yeere 1590 with a ship called the Richard of Arundell of the burthen of one hundreth tunnes, and a small pinnesse, in which voyage Master James Welsh was chiefe Maister .
A true discourse written (as is thought) by Colonel Antonie Winkfield emploied in the voiage to Spaine and Portugall , 1589 . sent to his particular friend, & by him published for the better satisfaction of all such as having bene seduced by particular report, have entred into conceits tending to the discredite of the enterprise and Actors of the same.
The voiage of the right honorable George Erle of Cumberland to the Azores , &c. Written by the excellent Mathematician and Enginier master Edward Wright .
The valiant fight performed by 10. Merchants ships of London , against 12. Spanish gallies in the Straights of Gibraltar , the 24. of April 1590 .
The valiant fight performed in the Straight of Gibraltar , by the Centurion of London , against five Spanish Gallies , in the moneth of April 1591 .
A report of the trueth of the fight about the Isles of Acores , the last of August 1591 . betwixt the Revenge. one of her Majesties shippes, and an Armada of the king of Spaine ; Penned by the honourable Sir Walter Ralegh knight.
A particular note of the Indian fleet, expected to have come into Spaine this present yeere of 1591 . with the number of shippes that are perished of the same: according to the examination of certaine Spaniards lately taken and brought into England by the ships of London .
A report of Master Robert Flicke directed to Master Thomas Bromley , Master Richard Staper , and Master Cordall concerning the successe of a part of the London supplies sent to my Lord Thomas Howard to the Isles of the Azores , 1591 .
A large testimony of John Huighen van Linschoten Hollander , concerning the worthy exploits atchieved by the right honourable the Earle of Cumberland , By Sir Martine Frobisher , Sir Richard Greenvile , and divers other English Captaines , about the Isles of the Acores , and upon the coasts of Spaine and Portugall , in the yeeres 1589 , 1590 , 1591 , &c. recorded in his excellent discourse of voiages to the East and West Indies . cap. 96. 97. and 99.
A relation sent by Melchior Petoney to Nigil de Moura at Lisbon , from the Iland and Castle of Arguin , standing a little to the Southward of Cape Blanco , in the Northerly latitude of 19 degrees, concerning the rich and secret trade from the inland of Africa thither: Anno 1591 .
The voyage of Richard Rainolds and Thomas Dassel to the rivers of Senega and Gambra adjoyning upon Guinea, 1591 , with a discourse of the treasons of certain of Don Antonio his servants and followers.
A briefe relation concerning the estate of the cities and provinces of Tombuto and Gago written in Marocco the first of August 1594 , and sent to M. Anthony Dassel marchant of London .
Another briefe relation concerning the late conquest and the exceeding great riches of the cities and provinces of Tombuto and Gago , written from Marocco the 30 August 1594 , to M. Anthony Dassel marchant of London aforesayd.
A briefe extract of a patent granted to M. Thomas Gregory of Tanton , and others, for traffique betweene the river of Nonnia and the rivers of Madrabumba and Sierra Leona on the coast of Guinea, in the yeere 1592 .
The maner of the taking of two Spanish ships laden with quicksilver & the Popes bulles, bound for the West Indies , by M. Thomas White in the Amity of London . 1592 .
A true report of the honourable service at Sea perfourmed by Sir John Burrough Knight , Lieutenant generall of the fleet prepared by the honor. Sir Walter Ralegh Knight , Lord warden of the Stanneries of Cornwall and Devon . Wherin chiefly the Santa Clara of Biscay , a ship of 600 tunnes was taken, and the two East Indian caraks, the Santa Cruz and the Madre de Dios were forced, the one burnt, and the other taken and brought into Dartmouth the seventh of September , 1592 .
The firing and sinking of the stout and warre-like Carack called Las Cinque Llaguas , or, The five Wounds, by three tall Ships set foorth at the charges of the right honorable the Erle of Cumberland and his friends: Written by the discreet and valiant captaine M. Nicholas Downton .
The casting away of the Tobie neere Cape Espartel corruptly called Cape Sprat without the Straight of Gibraltar on the coast of Barbarie . 1593 .
The letters of the Queenes most excellent Majestie sent by one Laurence Aldersey unto the Emperour of Aethiopia , 1597 .
The most ancient Discovery of the West Indies by Madoc the sonne of Owen Guyneth Prince of North - wales , in the yeere 1170: taken out of the history of Wales , lately published by M. David Powel Doctor of Divinity .
Carmina Meredith filii Rhesi mentionem facientia de Madoco filio Oweni Guynedd , & de sua navigatione in terras incognitas. Vixit hic Meredith circiter annum Domini 1477 .
The offer of the discovery of the West Indies by Christopher Columbus to king Henry the seventh in the yeere 1488 the 13 of February : with the kings acceptation of the offer, & the cause whereupon hee was deprived of the same: recorded in the thirteenth chapter of the history of Don Fernand Columbus of the life and deeds of his father Christopher Columbus .
Another testimony taken out of the 60 chapter of the foresayd history of Ferdinando Columbus , concerning the offer that Bartholomew Columbus made to king Henry the seventh on the behalfe of his brother Christopher .
The English Voyages , Navigations , and Discoveries (intended for the finding of a North-west passage) to the North parts of America , to Meta incognita , and the backeside of Gronland , as farre as 72 degrees and 12 minuts: performed first by Sebastian Cabota , and since by Sir Martin Frobisher , and M. John Davis , with the Patents, Discourses, and Advertisements thereto belonging.
The Letters patents of King Henry the seventh granted unto John Cabot and his three sonnes, Lewis , Sebastian , and Sancius for the discoverie of new and unknowen lands.
An extract taken out of the map of Sebastian Cabot , cut by Clement Adams , concerning his discovery of the West Indies , which is to be seene in her Majesties privie gallerie at Westminster , and in many other ancient merchants houses.
A discourse of Sebastian Cabot touching his discovery of part of the West India out of England in the time of king Henry the seventh, used to Galeacius Butrigarius the Popes Legate in Spaine , and reported by the sayd Legate in this sort.
The foresaide Baptista Ramusius in his preface to the thirde volume of the Navigations , writeth thus of Sebastian Cabot .
Another testimonie of the voyage of Sebastian Cabot to the West and Northwest, taken out of the sixt Chapter of the third Decade of Peter Martyr of Angleria .
The testimonie of Francis Lopez de Gomara a Spaniard , in the fourth Chapter of the second Booke of his generall history of the West Indies concerning the first discoverie of a great part of the West Indies , to wit, from 58. to 38. degrees of latitude, by Sebastian Cabota out of England .
A note of Sebastian Cabots first discoverie of part of the Indies taken out of the latter part of Robert Fabians Chronicle not hitherto printed, which is in the custodie of M. John Stow a diligent preserver of Antiquities.
Of three Savages which Cabot brought home and presented unto the King in the foureteenth yere of his raigne, mentioned by the foresaid Robert Fabian .
A briefe extract concerning the discoverie of Newfoundland , taken out of the booke of M. Robert Thorne , to doctor Leigh , &c.
The large pension granted by K. Edward the 6. to Sebastian Cabota , constituting him grand Pilot of England .
A discourse written by Sir Humphrey Gilbert Knight , to prove a passage by the Northwest to Cathaia , and the East Indies .
Certaine other reasons, or arguments to proove a passage by the Northwest, learnedly written by M. Richard Willes Gentleman .
The first Voyage of M. Martine Frobisher , to the Northwest, for the search of the straight or passage to China , written by Christopher Hall , Master in the Gabriel , and made in the yeere of our Lord 1576 .
The second voyage of Master Martin Frobisher , made to the West and Northwest Regions , in the yeere 1577 . with a description of the Countrey , and people: Written by Master Dionise Settle .
The third and last voyage unto Meta Incognita , made by M. Martin Frobisher , in the yeere 1578 . Written by Thomas Ellis .
The report of Thomas Wiars passenger in the Emanuel , otherwise called the Busse of Bridgewater , wherein James Leech was Master, one of the ships in the last Voyage of Master Martin Frobisher 1578 . concerning the discoverie of a great Island in their way homeward the 12. of September .
Notes framed by M. Richard Hakluyt of the middle Temple Esquire , given to certaine Gentlemen that went with M. Frobisher in his Northwest discoverie, for their directions: And not unfit to be committed to print, considering the same may stirre up considerations of these and of such other things, not unmeete in such new voyages as may be attempted hereafter.
A true discourse of the three Voyages of discoverie, for the finding of a passage to Cathaya , by the Northwest, under the conduct of Martin Frobisher Generall : Before which, as a necessary Preface is prefixed a twofolde discourse, conteining certaine reasons to prove all partes of the World habitable. Penned by Master George Best , a Gentleman employed in the same voyages.
Experiences and reasons of the Sphere, to proove all partes of the worlde habitable, and thereby to confute the position of the five Zones.
Of the temperature of colde Regions all the Sommer long, and also how in Winter the same is habitable, especially to the inhabitants thereof.
A true report of such things as happened in the second voyage of captaine Frobisher , pretended for the discovery of a new passage to Cataya , China and the East India , by the Northwest. Ann. Dom . 1577 .
The third voyage of Captaine Frobisher , pretended for the discoverie of Cataia , by Meta Incognita , Anno Do . 1578 .
Articles and orders to be observed for the Fleete, set downe by Captaine Frobisher Generall , and delivered in writing to every Captaine, as well for keeping company, as for the course, the 31 of May .
A generall and briefe description of the Countrey , and condition of the people, which are found in Meta Incognita .
The Letters patents of the Queenes Majestie , granted to Master Adrian Gylbert and others, for the search and discovery of the Northwest Passage to China .
The first voyage of M. John Davis , undertaken in June 1585 . for the discoverie of the Northwest passage, Written by M. John Janes Marchant , sometimes servant to the worshipfull Master William Sanderson .
The second voyage attempted by M. John Davis with others, for the discovery of the Northwest passage, in Anno 1586 .
Master Davis being arrived, wrote his letter to M. William Sanderson of London , concerning his voyage, as followeth.
The relation of the course which the Sunshine a barke of fiftie tunnes, and the Northstarre a small pinnesse, being two vessels of the fleete of M. John Davis , helde after hee had sent them from him to discover the passage betweene Groenland and Island, written by Henry Morgan servant to M. William Sanderson of London .
The third voyage Northwestward , made by M. John Davis Gentleman , as chiefe captaine & Pilot generall, for the discovery of a passage to the Isles of the Moluccas , or the coast of China , in the yeere 1587 . Written by M. John Janes .
A letter of the sayd M. John Davis written to M. Sanderson of London concerning his forewritten voyage.
A report of Master John Davis of his three Voyages made for the discovery of the Northwest passage, taken out of a Treatise of his, Intituled the worlds Hydrographicall description.
The Voyages of the English Nation to Newfoundland , to the Isles of Ramea , and the Isles of Assumption otherwise called Natiscotec , situate at the mouth of the River of Canada , and to the coastes of Cape Briton , and Arambec , corruptly called Norumbega , with the Patents, letters, and advertisements thereunto belonging.
The voyage of the two ships, whereof the one was called the Dominus vobiscum, set out the 20 day of May in the 19 yere of king Henry the eight, and in the yere of our Lord God 1527 . for the discoverie of the North partes.
The voyage of M. Hore and divers other gentlemen, to Newfoundland , and Cape Briton , in the yere 1536 and in the 28 yere of king Henry the 8.
An act against the exaction of money or any other thing by any officer for licence to traffique into Iseland & Newfoundland , made in An. 2. Edwardi sexti.
A letter written to M. Richard Hakluyt of the middle Temple, conteining a report of the true state and commodities of Newfoundland , by M. Anthonie Parkhurst Gentleman , 1578 .
The Letters Patents graunted by her Majestie to Sir Humfrey Gilbert knight, for the inhabiting and planting of our people in America .
A report of the voyage and successe thereof, attempted in the yeere of our Lord 1583 by sir Humfrey Gilbert knight, with other gentlemen assisting him in that action, intended to discover and to plant Christian inhabitants in place convenient, upon those large and ample countreys extended Northward from the cape of Florida , lying under very temperate Climes, esteemed fertile and rich in Minerals, yet not in the actuall possession of any Christian prince, written by M. Edward Haie gentleman, and principall actour in the same voyage, who alone continued unto the end, and by Gods speciall assistance returned home with his retinue safe and entire.
Orders agreed upon by the Captaines and Masters to be observed by the fleet of Sir Humfrey Gilbert .
Reckonings kept in our course from Cape Race towards Cape Briton , and the Island of Sablon , to the time and place where we lost our Admirall.
A relation of Richard Clarke of Weymouth , master of the ship called the Delight, going for the discovery of Norembega , with Sir Humfrey Gilbert 1583 . Written in excuse of that fault of casting away the ship and men, imputed to his oversight.
The second Chapter sheweth, that it is lawfull and necessarie to trade and traffique with the Savages: And to plant in their Countries: And divideth planting into two sorts.
The third Chapter doeth shew the lawfull title which the Queenes most excellent Majestie hath unto those Countries, which through the ayde of Almighty God are meant to be inhabited.
The fourth chapter sheweth how that the trade, traffike, and planting in those countreys, is likely to prove very profitable to the whole realme in generall.
The fift chapter sheweth, that the trading and planting in those countreis is likely to prove to the particular profit of all adventurers.
The sixt Chapter sheweth that the traffique and planting in those countries, shall be unto the Savages themselves very beneficiall and gainefull.
The seventh Chapter sheweth that the planting there, is not a matter of such charge or difficultie, as many would make it seeme to be.
A letter of Sir Francis Walsingham to M. Richard Hakluyt then of Christchurch in Oxford , incouraging him in the study of Cosmographie , and of furthering new discoveries, &c.
A letter of Sir Francis Walsingham to Master Thomas Aldworth merchant, and at that time Maior of the Citie of Bristoll , concerning their adventure in the Westerne discoverie.
A letter written from M. Thomas Aldworth merchant and Maior of the Citie of Bristoll , to the right honourable Sir Francis Walsingham principall Secretary to her Majestie, concerning a Westerne voyage intended for the discovery of the coast of America , lying to the Southwest of Cape Briton .
A briefe and summary discourse upon the intended voyage to the hithermost parts of America : written by Captaine Carlile in April , 1583 . for the better inducement to satisfie such Merchants of the Moscovian companie and others, as in disbursing their money towards the furniture of the present charge, doe demand forthwith a present returne of gaine, albeit their said particular disbursements are required but in very slender summes, the highest being 25. li. the second at 12. li. 10. s. and the lowest at 6. pound five shillings.
A letter sent to the right Honorable Sir William Cecill Lord Burghley , Lord high Treasurer of England &c. From M. Thomas James of Bristoll , concerning the discoverie of the Isle of Ramea , dated the 14 of September . 1591 .
The voyage of the ship called the Marigold of M. Hill of Redrife unto Cape Briton and beyond to the latitude of 44 degrees and an half, 1593 Written by Richard fisher Master Hilles man of Redriffe .
A briefe note concerning the voyage of M. George Drake of Apsham to Isle of Ramea in the aforesayd yere 1593 .
The voyage of the Grace of Bristol of M. Rice Jones , a Barke of thirty five Tunnes , up into the Bay of Saint Laurence to the Northwest of Newefoundland , as farre as the Isle of Assumption or Natiscotec , for the barbes or fynnes of Whales and traine Oyle , made by Silvester Wyet , Shipmaster of Bristoll .
The Voyages and Navigations of the English nation to Virginia , and the severall discoveries therof chiefly at the charges of the honourable Sir Walter Ralegh knight, from 33 to 40 degrees of latitude: together with the successe of the English colonies there planted: as likewise a description of the Countrey , with the Inhabitants, and the manifold commodities. Whereunto are annexed the patents, letters, discourses, &c. to this part belonging.
The letters patents, granted by the Queenes Majestie to M. Walter Ralegh , now Knight, for the discovering and planting of new lands and Countries, to continue the space of 6. yeeres and no more.
The first voyage made to the coasts of America , with two barks, where in were Captaines M. Philip Amadas , and M. Arthur Barlowe , who discovered part of the Countrey now called Virginia , Anno 1584 . Written by one of the said Captaines, and sent to sir Walter Ralegh knight, at whose charge and direction, the said voyage was set forth.
The voiage made by Sir Richard Greenvile , for Sir Walter Ralegh , to Virginia , in the yeere 1585 .
The names of those as well Gentlemen as others, that remained one whole yeere in Virginia , under the Governement of Master Ralph Lane .
An extract of Master Ralph Lanes letter to M. Richard Hakluyt Esquire , and another Gentleman of the middle Temple, from Virginia .
An account of the particularities of the imployments of the English men left in Virginia by Sir Richard Greenevill under the charge of Master Ralph Lane Generall of the same, from the 17. of August 1585 . until the 18. of June 1586 . at which time they departed the Countrey : sent and directed to Sir Walter Ralegh .
The second part touching the conspiracie of Pemisapan , the discovery of the same, and at the last, of our request to depart with Sir Francis Drake for England .
The third voyage made by a ship sent in the yeere 1586 , to the reliefe of the Colony planted in Virginia , at the sole charges of Sir Walter Ralegh .
A briefe and true report of the new found land of Virginia : of the commodities there found, and to be raised, aswell merchantable as others: Written by Thomas Heriot , servant to Sir Walter Ralegh , a member of the Colony, and there imployed in discovering a full twelvemoneth.
Rafe Lane one of her Majesties Esquiers , and Governour of the Colony in Virginia , above mentioned, for the time there resident, to the gentle Reader wisheth all happinesse in the Lord.
To the Adventurers, Favourers , and Welwillers of the enterprise for the inhabiting and planting in Virginia .
The second part of such commodities as Virginia is knowen to yeeld for victuall and sustenance of mans life, usually fed upon by the naturall inhabitants; as also by us, during the time of our abode: and first of such as are sowed and husbanded.
The third and last part of such other things as are behovefull for those which shall plant and inhabite to know of, with a description of the nature and maners of the people of the Countrey .
The fourth voyage made to Virginia with three ships, in the yere 1587 . Wherein was transported the second Colonie.
The names of all the men, women and children, which safely arrived in Virginia , and remained to inhabite there. 587. Anno regni Reginae Elizabethae . 29.
The fift voyage of M. John White into the West Indies and parts of America called Virginia , in the yeere 1590 .
An Epistle Dedicatorie to sir Walter Ralegh , prefixed by master Richard Hakluyt before the history of Florida , which he translated out of French 1587
The course which Sir Francis Drake held from the haven of Guatulco in the South sea on the backe side of Nueva Espanna , to the North-west of California as far as fourtie three degrees: and his returne back along the said Coast to thirtie eight degrees: where finding a faire and goodly haven, he landed, and staying there many weekes, and discovering many excellent things in the countrey and great shewe of rich minerall matter, and being offered the dominion of the countrey by the Lord of the same, hee tooke possession thereof in the behalfe of her Majestie, and named it Nova Albion .
Divers voyages made by Englishmen to the famous Citie of Mexico , and to all or most part of the other principall provinces, cities, townes and places throughout the great and large kingdom of New Spaine , even as farre as Nicaragua and Panama, & thence to Peru : together with a description of the Spaniards forme of government there: and sundry pleasant relations of the maners and customes of the natural inhabitants, and of the manifold rich commodities & strange rarities found in those partes of the continent: & other matters most worthy the observation.
The voyage of Robert Tomson Marchant , into Nova Hispania in the yeere 1555 . with divers observations concerning the state of the Countrey : And certaine accidents touching himselfe.
A notable discourse of M. John Chilton , touching the people, maners, mines, cities, riches, forces, and other memorable things of New Spaine , and other provinces in the West Indies , seene and noted by himselfe in the time of his travels, continued in those parts, the space of seventeene or eighteene yeeres.
A relation of the commodities of Nova Hispania , and the maners of the inhabitants, written by Henry Hawks merchant, which lived five yeeres in the sayd countrey, and drew the same at the request of M. Richard Hakluyt Esquire of Eiton in the county of Hereford , 1572 .
A discourse written by one Miles Philips Englishman , one of the company put on shoare Northward of Panuco , in the West Indies by M. John Hawkins 1568 . conteining many special things of that countrey and of the Spanish government, but specially of their cruelties used to our Englishmen , and amongst the rest to him selfe for the space of 15. or 16. yeres together, until by good and happy meanes he was delivered from their bloody hands, and returned into his owne Countrey . An. 1582 .
The travailes of Job Hortop , which Sir John Hawkins set on land within the Bay of Mexico , after his departure from the Haven of S. John de Ullua in Nueva Espanna , the 8. of October 1568 .
A relation of the Haven of Tecuanapa , a most convenient place for building of ships, situate upon the South sea not farre from Nicaragua , which was sent unto the viceroy of Mexico or to the king of Spaine : wherein are described the rivers of Ometepec , Tlacamama , and Tlacolula falling into the said Haven, with the townes, people, and mountaines adjoyning to the said rivers, and other things fit for the building and victualling of ships.
The principal voyages of the English Nation to the Isles of Trinidad , Margarita , Dominica , Deseada , Monserrate , Guadalupe , Martinino , and all the rest of the Antilles ; As likewise to S. Juan de Puerto Rico , to Hispaniola , Jamaica and Cuba : and also to Tierra Firma , and all along the coast and Islands therof, even from Cumana and the Caracos to the neckland of Dariene , and over it to the Gulfe of S. Michael and the Isle of Perles in the South sea : and further to Cabeca Cativa , Nombre de dios, and Venta de cruzes, to Puerto Belo , Rio de Chagre , and the Isle of Escudo , along the maine of Beragua , to the Cape and Gulfe of the Honduras , to Truxillo , Puerto de Cavallos , and all other the principall Townes, Islands and harbours of accompt within the said Gulfe, and up Rio dolce falling into this Gulfe, above 30. leagues : As also to the Isle of Cocumel , and to Cape Cotoche , the towne of Campeche , and other places upon the land of lucatan; and lower downe to S. Juan de Ullua , Vera Cruz , Rio de Panuco , Rio de Palmas , &c. within the Bay of Mexico : and from thence to the Isles of the Tortugas , the port of Havana , the Cape of Florida , and the Gulfe of Bahama homewards. With the taking, sacking, ransoming, or burning of most of the principall Cities and townes upon the coasts of Tierra firma, Nueva Espanna , and all the foresaid Islands; since the most traiterous burning of her Majesties ship the Jesus of Lubec and murthering of her Subjects in the port of S. Juan de Ullua , and the last generall arrest of her Highnesse people, with their ships and goods throughout all the dominions of the King of Spaine in the moneth of June 1585 . Besides the manifold and tyrannicall oppressions of the Inquisition inflicted on our nation upon most light and frivolous occasions.
The voyage of Sir Thomas Pert , and Sebastian Cabot , about the eight yeere of King Henry the eight, which was the yere 1516 . to Brasil , Santo Domingo , and S. Juan de Puerto rico.
A briefe note concerning a voyage of one Thomas Tison an English man, made before the yeere 1526 . to the West Indies , & of his abode there in maner of a secret factor for some English marchants, which under hand had trade thither in those dayes : taken out of an olde ligier-booke of M. Nicolas Thorne the elder, a worshipfull marchant of Bristol .
The first voyage of the right worshipfull and valiant knight sir John Hawkins , sometimes treasurer of her Majesties navie Roial , made to the West Indies 1562 .
The voyage made by M. John Hawkins Esquire , and afterward knight, Captaine of the Jesus of Lubek , one of her Majesties shippes, and Generall of the Salomon , and other two barkes going in his companie, to the coast of Guinea, and the Indies of Nova Hispania , begun in An. Dom . 1564 .
The third troublesome voyage made with the Jesus of Lubeck , the Minion, and foure other ships, to the parts of Guinea, and the West Indies , in the yeeres 1567 and 1568 by M. John Hawkins .
The first voyage attempted and set foorth by the expert and valiant captaine M. Francis Drake himselfe, with a ship called the Dragon, and another ship and a Pinnesse , to Nombre de Dios , and Dariene , about the yeere 1572 , Written and recorded by one Lopez Vaz a Portugall borne in the citie of Elvas , in maner follow: which Portugale , with the discourse about him, was taken at the river of Plate by the ships set foorth by the Right Honourable the Earle of Cumberland , in the yeere 1586 .
The voyage of John Oxnam of Plimmouth , to the west India , and over the straight of Dariene into the South sea . Anno 1575 . Written by the foresaid Lopez Vaz in the said discourse.
The voyage of Master Andrew Barker of Bristol , with two ships, the one called the Ragged staffe, the other the Beare, to the coast of Terra firma, and the Bay of Honduras in the West Indies , in the yeere 1576 . Wherein the reasons are premised which mooved him to set forth this voyage against the Spaniards : collected out of certaine notes and examinations touching this enterprise by M. Richard Hakluyt .
The opinion of Don Alvaro Bacan , Marques of Santa Cruz , and high Admirall of Spaine , touching the armie of sir Francis Drake lying at the Isles of Bayona in Galicia , written in Lisbon the 26 of October after the account of Spaine in the yere 1585 .
A summarie and true discourse of sir Francis Drakes West Indian voyage, begun in the yeere 1585 . Wherein were taken the cities of Saint Iago , Santo Domingo , Cartagena , and the towne of Saint Augustine in Florida ; Published by M. Thomas Cates .
A relation of the ports, harbors, forts and cities in the west Indies which have bene surveied, edified, finished, made and mended, with those which have bene builded, in a certaine survey by the king of Spaine his direction and commandement: Written by Baptista Antonio , surveyour in those parts for the said King. Anno 1587 .
A briefe remembrance of a voyage made in the yeere 1589 by William Michelson Captaine , and William Mace of Ratcliffe , Master of a ship called the Dogge , to the Bay of Mexico in the West India .
Certaine Spanish Letters intercepted by shippes of the worshipfull Master John Wattes written from diverse places of the islandes and of the maine land as well of Nueva Espanna , as of Tierra Firma and Peru , containing many secrets touching the aforesaid countreys, and the state of the South Sea , and the trade to the Philippinas .
A letter sent from Havana in Cuba from the general of the fleete John de Orimo to the king of Spaine the 18 of October 1590 , touching the building of certaine excellent Frigats , &c.
A Letter sent from the Governour of Havana John de Trexeda , to the King of Spaine , the twentieth of October 1590 , touching the wants of that place.
A letter sent to Don Petro de Xibar one of his Majesties privie Counsel of the West Indies , from Don Diego Mendez de Valdes Governour of S. Juan de Puerto Rico the 20 of November 1590 , touching the state of that Citie and Island.
A letter to John Lopez Canavate , Alderman in the towne of Canavate in Spaine written from his servant Juan de Porva Canavates , from Havana the seventeenth of October 1590 , touching the state of the said place.
A letter from Mexico , of Sebastian Biscaino to his Father Antonio Biscaino in Corchio in Spaine , touching the great profit of the trade to China , and somewhat of M. Thomas Candish . Written the 20 of June 1590 .
A Letter of Bartholomew Cano to Peter de Tapia in Sivill , from Mexico the 30 of May 1590 , touching the state of Nueva Espanna , and the Fleet of that yeere.
A letter of Frier Alonso new elected Bishop of Mechuacan , to the king of Spaine , written in Peru in the citie de los Reyes the first of March 1590 , touching the state of Arica a chiefe Haven in Peru .
A letter of Don John de Miramontes Suasola to Don John Garcias de Penalosa from Arica on the coast of Peru the tenth of March 1590 .
A letter of the Licentiate Christopher Uslano to Gonsalvo de Solana in the city of Encisa in Spaine , written from the city of Potossi in Peru the 20. of July 1590 , touching a great plague in Peru , and the shortnesse of the passage from the river of Plate into Potossi in Peru .
A letter of Steven de Tresio to Alonso Martines Vaca in Sivil from Panama the 21. of August 1590 . touching the kings desire to borrow money upon privie seales, and the want of the countrey.
A letter of the Licentiate John de Labera to the Licentiate Alonso Sapata de Henao in Castile in Calamea de la Sorengo , written from S. Fee de Bogota in the new kingdom of Granada , the 10. of May 1590 . touching the rich silver mines of Marequita newly found out, and the long way thither by the river of Magdalena .
A letter of Hieronymo de Nabares to the licenciat John Alonso dwelling in Valladolid , written from Panama to Sivil the 24. day of August 1590 . touching the gainefulnes of the trade to the Philippinas , and the extreme feare they have of the Englishmen .
A relation of a memorable fight made the 13. of June 1591 . against certaine Spanish ships & gallies in the West Indies , by 3. ships of the honorable sir George Carey knight, then marshall of her Majesties houshold, and captaine of the Ile of Wight , now lord Hunsdon , lord Chamberlaine , and captaine of the honourable band of her Majesties Pensioners .
A true report of a voyage undertaken for the West Indies by M. Christopher Newport Generall of a fleete of three shippes and a pinnesse, viz. The golden Dragon Admirall , whereof was Captaine M. Newport himselfe; The Prudence Vice-admirall , under the conduct of Captaine Hugh Merrick ; The Margaret under Captaine Robert Fred ; and The Virgin our pinnesse under Captaine Henry Kidgil : Begun from London the 25. of Januarie 1591 . Written by M. John Twitt of Harewich , Corporall in the Dragon. In which voyage they tooke and burnt upon the coast of Hispaniola , within the bay of Honduras , and other places, 3. townes, and 19. saile of shippes and frigats.
The voyage made to the bay of Mexico by M. William King Captaine , M. Moore , M. How , and M. Boreman Owners , with the Salomon of 200 tunnes, and the Jane Bonaventure of 40 tunnes of Sir Henry Palmer , from Ratcliffe the 26 of January 1592 .
A briefe note of a voyage to the East Indies , begun the 10 of April 1591 , wherein were three tall ships, the Penelope of Captaine Raimond , Admirall, the Merchant royall, whereof was Captaine, Samuel Foxcroft , Viceadmirall , the Edward Bonaventure , whereof was Captaine, M. James Lancaster , Rere-admirall , with a small pinnesse. Written by Henry May , who in his returne homeward by the West Indies , suffred shipwracke upon the isle of Bermuda , wherof here is annexed a large description.
A voyage of the honourable Gentleman M. Robert Duddeley , now knight, to the isle of Trinidad , and the coast of Paria : with his returne home by the Isles of Granata , Santa Cruz , Sant Juan de puerto rico, Mona , Zacheo , the shoalds called Abreojos , and the isle of Bermuda . In which voyage he and his company tooke and sunke nine Spanish ships, wherof one was an armada of 600 tunnes. Written at the request of M. Richard Hakluyt .
The victorious voyage of Captaine Amias Preston now knight, and Captaine George Sommers to the West India , begun in March 1595 . Wherein the yle of Puerto Santo , the yle of Coche neere Margarita , the fort and towne of Coro , the stately city of S. Iago de Leon were taken sacked and burned, and the towne of Cumana ransomed, & Jamaica entred. Written by Robert Davie one of the company.
The voyage truely discoursed, made by sir Francis Drake , and sir John Hawkins , chiefly pretended for some speciall service on the Islands and maine of the West Indies , with sixe of the Queenes ships, and 21 other shippes and barkes, containing 2500 men and boyes, in the yeere 1595 . In which voyage both the foresayd knights died by sicknesse.
A Libell of Spanish lies written by Don Bernaldino Delgadillo de Avellaneda , Generall of the king of Spaines Armada , concerning some part of the last voyage of sir Francis Drake ; together with a confutation of the most notorious falsehoods therein contained, and a declaration of the truth by M. Henrie Savile Esquire : and also an approbation of both by sir Thomas Baskervil Generall of her Majesties Armada after the decease of sir Francis Drake .
THE true copie of a letter found at the sacking of Cadiz , written by Don Bernaldino Delgadillo de Avellaneda , Generall of the king of Spaine his Navie in the West Indies , sent unto Doctor Peter Florez , President of the contractation house for the Indies , and by him put in print with privilege: wherein are declared many untruthes, and false reports, tending to the disgrace of the service of her Majesties Navie , and the commanders thereof, lately sent to the West Indies , under the command of sir Francis Drake , and sir John Hawkins Generals at the sea: and sir Thomas Baskervill Generall at land: with a confutation of divers grosse lies and untruthes, contayned in the same letter: together with a short relation of the fight, according to the truth.
The Copie of a letter which Don Bernaldino Delgadillo de Avellaneda , Generall of the king of Spaine his armie, sent unto Doctor Peter Florez , President of the contractation house for the Indies , wherein he maketh mention of the successe of the English armie, after they departed from Panama, whereof was Generall Francis Drake , and of his death.
A true relation of the voyage undertaken by Sir Anthony Sherley Knight in Anno 1596 . intended for the Ile of San Tome , but performed to S. Iago , Dominica , Margarita , along the coast of Tierra firma, to the Ile of Jamaica , the bay of the Honduras , 30 leagues up Rio Dolce , and homewarde by Newfoundland . With the memorable exploytes atchieved in all this voyage.
A voyage of Master William Parker of Plimmouth gentleman, to Margarita , Jamaica , Truxillo , Puerto de Cavallos situate within the bay of Honduras , and taken by sir Anthony Sherley and him, as likewise up Rio dolce: with his returne from thence, and his valiant and happie enterprize upon Campeche the chiefe towne of Yucatan , which he tooke and sacked with sixe and fifty men, and brought out of the harbour a Frigat laden with the kings tribute, and surprized also the towne of Sebo .
How to worke comming through the olde Chanell , if you be not minded to goe over the Pracellas or shoalds.
A principal ruttier conteining most particular directions to saile from S. Lucar in Andaluzia by the Isles of the Canaries , the small Isles called Las Antillas , along the South parts of the Isles of S. Juan de Puerto rico, Hispaniola and Cuba : and from Cabo de Corrientes , or Cabo de S. Anton without and within the litle Isles called Los Alacranes , to the port of S. Juan de Ullua in Nueva Espanna : and the course from thence backe againe by Havana , and through the Chanell of Bahama to Spaine : together with the speciall markes of all the Capes, Islands, and other places by the way; and a briefe declaration of their latitudes and longitudes.
Directions from the Cape de S. Anton to Nueva Espanna on the outside of the small Islands called Los Alacranes or The Scorpions .
The course from Cabo de Corrientes and Cabo de S. Anton upon the West end of Cuba , towards Nueva Espanna , within the Isles called Los Alacranes , or The Scorpions .
Now followeth the course and direction to saile from Passage on the Northeast part of S. Juan de Puerto rico, unto Havana , by the North side of the Isle of Hispaniola , and by The old chanell.
Here follow the latitudes of the headlandes, Capes, and Islands, as well of Madera , The Canaries , and the West Indies , as of the Azores and the Isles of Cabo Verde .
The discoverie of the large, rich, and beautifull Empire of Guiana , with a relation of the great and golden citie of Manoa (which the Spaniards call El Dorado ) and the provinces of Emeria , Aromaia , Amapaia , and other countries, with their rivers adjoyning. Performed in the yeere 1595 by Sir Walter Ralegh Knight , Captaine of Her Majesties Guard , Lorde Warden of the Stanneries , and Her Highnesse Lieutenant Generall of the Countie of Corne-wall .
The Epistle Dedicatorie of sor Walter Ralegh to the right honourable the L. Charles Howard knight of the Garter &c. and sir Robert Cecil , Councellour &c.
An abstract taken out of certaine Spaniards letters concerning Guiana and the countries lying upon the great river Orenoque : with certaine reports also touching the same.
Alonso his letter from the Gran Canaria to his brother being commander of S. Lucar , concerning El Dorado .
The Letter of George Burien Britton from the sayde Canaries unto his cousin a Frenchman dwelling in S. Lucar , concerning El Dorado .
A Relation of the second Voyage to Guiana , performed and written in the yeere 1596 . by Laurence Keymis Gent .
To the approved, Right Valorous , and worthy Knight, Sir Walter Ralegh , Lord warden of the Stanneries , Captaine of her Majesties Guard , and her Highnesse Lieutenant generall of the Countie of Cornewall .
The third voyage set forth by sir Walter Ralegh to Guiana , with a pinnesse called The Watte , in the yeere 1596 . Written by M. Thomas Masham a gentleman of the companie.
A brief relation of two sundry voyages made by the worshipful M. William Haukins of Plimmouth , father to Sir John Haukins knight, late Treasurer of her Majesties Navie , in the yeere 1530 and 1532 .
An ancient voyage of M. Robert Reniger and M. Thomas Borey to Brasil in the yeere of our Lord 1540 .
A letter written to M. Richard Staper by John Whithal from Santos in Brasil , the 26. of June 1578 .
A copie of the letters of the Adventurers for Brasill sent to John Whithall dwelling in Santos , by the Minion of London . Anno 1580 . the 24. of October in London .
Certaine notes of the voyage to Brasill with the Minion of London aforesaid, in the yere 1580 . written by Thomas Grigs Purser of the said ship.
The well governed and prosperous voyage of M. James Lancaster , begun with three ships and a galley-frigat from London in October 1594 , and intended for Fernambuck , the port-towne of Olinda in Brasil . In which voyage (besides the taking of nine and twenty ships and frigats) he surprized the sayd port-towne, being strongly fortified and manned: and held possession thereof thirty dayes together (notwithstanding many bolde assaults of the enemy both by land and water) and also providently defeated their dangerous and almost inevitable fireworks. Heere he found the cargazon or freight of a rich East Indian carack; which together with great abundance of sugars, Brasil-wood , and cotton he brought from thence; lading therewith fifteene sailes of tall ships and barks.
A report of a voyage of two Englishmen in the company of Sebastian Cabota , intended for the Malucos by the Streights of Magellan , but perfourmed onely to the river of Plate in April 1527 . Taken out of the information of M. Robert Thorne to Doctor Ley Ambassadour for King Henry the eight, to Charles the Emperour , touching the discovery of the Malucos by the North.
An extract out of the discourse of one Lopez Vaz a Portugal , touching the fight of M. Fenton with the Spanish ships, with a report of the proceeding of M. John Drake after his departing from him to the river of Plate.
The famous voyage of Sir Francis Drake into the South sea , and therehence about the whole Globe of the earth, begun in the yeere of our Lord, 1577 .
The relation of a Voyage made by a Pilot called Nuno da Silva for the Vice-roy of new Spaine , the 20. of May , in the yere of our Lord 1579 . in the citie of Mexico , from whence it was sent to the Vice-roy of the Portugall-Indies : wherein is set downe the course and actions passed in the Voyage of Sir Francis Drake that tooke the aforesayd Nuno da Silva at S. Iago one of the Islands of Cabo Verde , and caried him along with him through the Streights of Magellan , to the Haven of Guatulco in new Spaine , where he let him goe againe.
The voyage of M. John Winter into the South sea by the Streight of Magellan , in consort with M. Francis Drake , begun in the yeere 1577 . By which Streight also he returned safely into England the second of June 1579 . contrary to the false reports of the Spaniards which gave out, that the said passage was not repasseable: Written by Edward Cliffe Mariner .
Instructions given by the right honourable the Lordes of the Counsell , to M. Edward Fenton Esquire , for the order to be observed in the voyage recommended to him for the East Indies and Cathay . Aprill 9. 1582 .
The voyage intended towards China , wherein M. Edward Fenton was appointed Generall: Written by M. Luke Ward his Viceadmiral , and Captaine of the Edward Bonaventure , begun Anno Dom . 1582 .
The voyage set out by the right honourable the Earle of Cumberland , in the yere 1586 . intended for The South sea , but performed no farther then the latitude of 44. degrees to the South of the Equinoctial , Written by M. John Sarracoll marchant in the same voyage.
A discourse of the West Indies and South sea written by Lopez Vaz a Portugal , borne in the citie of Elvas , continued unto the yere 1587 . Wherein among divers rare things not hitherto delivered by any other writer, certaine voyages of our Englishmen are truely reported: which was intercepted with the author thereof at the river of Plate, by Captaine Withrington and Captaine Christopher Lister , in the fleete set foorth by the right Honorable the Erle of Cumberland for the South sea in the yeere 1586 .
The admirable and prosperous voyage of the Worshipfull Master Thomas Candish of Trimley in the Countie of Suffolke Esquire , into the South sea , and from thence round about the circumference of the whole earth, begun in the yeere of our Lord 1586 , and finished 1588 . Written by Master Francis Pretty lately of Ey in Suffolke , a Gentleman employed in the same action.
Certaine rare and special notes most properly belonging to the voyage of M. Thomas Candish next before described; concerning the heights, soundings, lyings of lands, distances of places, the variation of the Compasse, the just length of time spent in sayling betweene divers places, and their abode in them, as also the places of their harbour and anckering, and the depths of the same, with the observation of the windes on severall coastes: Written by M. Thomas Fuller of Ipswich , who was Master in the desire of M. Thomas Candish in his foresaid prosperous voyage about the world.
A note of the height of certaine places to the Northwards of the Equinoctiall line, on the coast of New Spaine .
A note of the heights of certaine places beginning from the ylands of the Ladrones and passing by the Philippinas , the Malucos , Java minor, Java major, the Cape of Bona Speranza , and the yle of Santa Helena .
A note of the varying of our windes to the North of the Equinoctiall line on the coast of New Spaine .
A note of the windes which we found betweene the coast of New Spaine and Islands of the Philippinas on the coast of Asia .
A letter of M. Thomas Candish to the right honourable the Lord Hunsdon , Lord Chamberlaine , one of her Majesties most honourable Privy Councell , touching the successe of his voyage about the world.
Certeine notes or references taken out of the large map of China , brought home by M. Thomas Candish 1588 .
A briefe relation of a voyage of The Delight a ship of Bristoll one of the consorts of M. John Chidley esquire and M. Paul Wheele , made unto the Straight of Magellan : with divers accidents that happened unto the company, during their 6. weekes abode there: Begun in the yeere 1589 . Written by W. Magoths .
A petition made by certaine of the company of the Delight of Bristol unto the Master of the said ship Robert Burnet , one of the consorts of M. Chidley , being in the Streights of Magellan the 12. of February 1589 .
The last voyage of the worshipfull M. Thomas Candish esquire, intended for the South sea , the Philippinas , and the coast of China , with 3. tall ships, and two barks: Written by M. John Jane , a man of good observation, imployed in the same, and many other voyages.
The testimoniall of the companie of The Desire touching their losing of their Generall, which appeareth to have beene utterly against their meanings.
The letters of the Queenes most excellent Majestie sent in the yere 1596 unto the great Emperor of China by M. Richard Allot and M. Thomas Bromefield marchants of the citie of London , who were embarqued in a fleet of 3 ships, to wit, The Beare , The Beares whelpe, and the Benjamin ; set forth principally at the charges of the honourable knight Sir Robert Duddely , and committed unto the command and conduct of M. Benjamin Wood , a man of approoved skill in navigation: who, together with his ships and company (because we have heard no certaine newes of them since the moneth of February next after their departure) we do suppose, may be arrived upon some part of the coast of China , and may there be stayed by the said Emperour , or perhaps may have some treacherie wrought against them by the Portugales of Macao , or the Spaniards of the Philippinas .
Chap. 2.ALL things being made in a readinesse, at our Generall his appointment, upon the thirde day of Februarie 1568. wee departed from the coast of Africa , having the weather somewhat tempestuous, which made our passage the more hard; and sayling so for the space of 52. dayes, upon the 27. of March 1568. we came in sight of an yland called Dominica , upon the coast of America in the West Indies, situated in 14. degrees of latitude, and 322. of longitude: from thence our Generall coasted from place to place, ever making trafique with the Spaniards and Indians as hee might, which was somewhat hardly obtained, for that the King had straightly charged all his governours in those parts not to trade with any: yet notwithstanding, during the moneths of April and May, our Generall had reasonable trade and trafique, and courteous entertainement in sundry places, as at Margarita, Coracao, and else where, til we came to Cape de la vela, and Rio de Hacha, (a place from whence all the pearles doe come:) the governour there would not by any meanes permit us to have any trade or trafique, nor yet suffer us to take in fresh water: by meanes whereof our Generall for the avoyding of famine and thirst about the beginning of June, was enforced to land two hundreth of our men, and so by maine force and strength to obtaine that which by no faire meanes hee could procure: And so recovering the Towne with the losse of two of our men, there was a secret and peaceable trade admitted, and the Spaniards came in by night, and bought of our Negroes to the number of 200, and upwards, and of our other marchandize also. From thence we departed for Carthagena, where the Governour was so straight, that wee could not obteine any trafique there, and so for that our trade was neere finished, our Generall thought it best to depart from thence the rather for the avoyding of certaine dangerous stormes called the Huricanos, which accustomed to begin there about that time of the yere, & so the 24. of July 1568. we departed from thence directing our course North: and leaving the yland of Cuba upon our right hand, to the Eastward of us, and so sayling toward Florida upon the 12. of August an extreeme tempest arose, which dured for the space of 8 dayes, in which our ships were most dangerously tossed and beaten hither, & thither, so that we were in continuall feare to be drowned by reason of the shallownes of the coast, and in the end we were constrained to flee for succour to the port of S. John de Ullua, or Vera Cruz, situated in 19. degrees of latitude, and in 279. degrees of longitude, which is the port that serveth for the Citie of Mexico: in our seeking to recover this port our Generall met by the way three small ships that caried passengers, which hee tooke with him, and so the sixtenth of September 1568. wee entered the saide port of S. John de Ullua. The Spaniards there supposing us to have bene the King of Spaines Fleete, the chiefe officers of the Countrey thereabouts came presently aboord our Generall, where perceiving themselves to have made an unwise adventure, they were in great feare to have bene taken and stayed: howbeit our Generall did use them all very courteously. In the said port there were twelve ships which by report had in them in treasure to the value of two hundreth thousand pound all which being in our Generall his power and at his devotion, he did freely set at libertie, as also the passengers which he had before stayed, not taking from any of them all the value of one groat: onely hee stayed two men of credite and accompt, the one named Don Laurenzo de Alva, and the other Don Pedro de Rivera, and presently our Generall sent to the Viceroy to Mexico which was threescore leagues off, certifying him of our arrivall there by force of weather, desiring that forasmuch as our Queene his Soveraigne, was the king of Spaine his loving sister and friend, that therefore hee would, considering our necessities and wants, furnish us with victuals for our Navie, and quietly suffer us to repaire and amend our ships. Aud furthermore that at the arrival of the Spanish Fleet which was there dayly expected and looked for, to the ende that there might no quarell arise betweene them, and our Generall and his company for the breach of amitie, he humbly requested of his excellencie, that there might in this behalfe some special order be taken. This message was sent away the 16. of September 1568. it being the very day of our arrivall there. The next morning being the sevententh of the same moneth, wee descried 13. saile of great shippes: and after that our Generall understood, that it was the king of Spaines Fleete then looked for, he presently sent to advertise the Generall hereof, of our being in the said port, and giving him further to understand, that before he should enter there into that harbour, it was requisite that there should passe betweene the two Generals some orders and conditions to bee observed on either part, for the better contriving of peace betweene them and theirs, according to our Generals request made unto the Viceroy. And at this instant our Generall was in a great perplexitie of minde, considering with himselfe that if hee should keepe out that Fleete from entring into the port, a thing which hee was very well able to doe with the helpe of God, then should that Fleete be in danger of present shipwracke and losse of all their substance, which amounted unto the value of one million and eight hundreth thousand pounds. Againe he saw that if he suffered them to enter, hee was assured that they would practise by all maner of meanes to betray him and his, and on the other side the haven was so little, that the other Fleete entring, the shippes were to ride one hard aboord of another. Also hee saw that if their Fleete should perish by his keeping of them out, as of necessitie they must if he should have done so, then stood hee in great feare of the Queene our Soveraignes displeasure in so waightie a cause: therefore did he choose the least evill, which was to suffer them to enter under assurance, and so to stand upon his guard, and to defend himselfe and his from their treasons which we were well assured they would practise, and so the messenger being returned from Don Martin de Henriques, the newe Viceroy, who came in the same Fleete, and had sufficient authoritie to command in all cases both by Sea and by lande in this province of Mexico or new Spaine, did certifie our Generall, that for the better maintenance of amitie betweene the king of Spaine and our Soveraigne, all our requests should bee both favourably granted, and faithfully perfourmed: signifying further that he heard and understood of the honest and friendly dealing of our Generall, toward the king of Spaines subjects in all places where he had bene, as also in the said port: so that to bee briefe our requests were articled, and set downe in writing. Viz. 1 The first was that wee might have victuals for our money, and license to sell as much wares, as might suffice to furnish our wants. 2 The second, that we might be suffered peaceably to repaire our ships. 3 The thirde that the yland might bee in our possession during the time of our abode there, In which yland our Generall for the better safetie of him and his, had alreadie planted and placed certaine Ordinance which were eleven pieces of brasse, therefore he required that the same might so continue, and that no Spaniard should come to lande in the saide yland, having or wearing any kinde of weapon about him. 4 The fourth and the last, that for the better and more sure performance and maintenance of peace, and of all the conditions, there might twelve gentlemen of credite bee delivered of either part as hostages. These conditions were concluded and agreed upon in writing by the Viceroy and signed with his hand, and sealed with his seale, and 10. hostages upon either part were received. And further it was concluded that the two Generals should meet, and give faith ech to other for the performance of the premisses. Al which being done, the same was proclaimed by the sound of a trumpet, & commandement was given that none of either part should violate or breake the peace upon paine of death: thus at the ende of three dayes all was concluded, and the Fleete entred the port, the ships saluting one another as the maner of the Sea doth require the morrow after being friday we laboured on all sides in placing the English ships by themselves, & the Spanish ships by themselves, the Captaines and inferiour persons of either part, offering, and shewing great courtesie one to another, and promising great amitie upon all sides. Howbeit as the sequel shewed, the Spaniards meant nothing lesse upon their parts. For the Viceroy and governour thereabout had secretly at land assembled to the number of 1000. chosen men, and wel appointed, meaning the next thursday being the 24. of September at dinner time to assault us, and set upon us on all sides. But before I go any further, I thinke it not amisse briefly to describe the maner of the yland as it then was, and the force and strength, that it is now of. For the Spaniards since the time of our Generals being there, for the better fortifying of the same place, have upon the same yland built a faire Castle, and bulwarke very well fortified: this port was then at our being there, a little yland of stones, not past three foote above water in the highest place, and not past a bow-shotte over any way at the most, and it standeth from the maine land, two bowshootes or more: and there is not in all this coast any other place for ships safely to arive at: also the North windes in this coast are of great violence and force, and unlesse the shippes bee safely mored in, with their anckers fastened in this yland, there is no remedie, but present destruction and shipwracke. All this our generall wisely foreseeing, did provide that he would have the said yland in his custody, or els the Spaniards might at their pleasure, have but cut our cables, and so with the first Northwinde that blewe we had had our passport, for our ships had gone a shoore. But to returne to the matter. The time approching that their treason must be put in practise, the same Thursday morning, some appearance thereof began to shewe it selfe, as shifting of weapons from shippe to shippe, and planting, and bending their Ordinance against our men that warded upon the lande, with great repaire of people: which apparant shewes of breach of the Viceroys faith caused our Generall to sende one to the Viceroy, to enquire of him what was meant thereby, which presently sent and gave order, that the Ordinance aforesayde, and other things of suspicion should bee remooved, returning answere to our Generall in the faith of a Viceroy, that hee would bee our defence, and safetie from all villanous treacherie: this was upon Thursday in the morning. Our Generall not being therewith satisfied, seeing they had secretly conveyed a great number of men aboord a great hulke or ship of theirs of sixe hundreth tunne, which shippe rode hard by the Mynion, hee sent againe to the Viceroy Robert Barret the Master of the Jesus, a man that could speake the Spanish tongue very well, and required that those men might bee unshipt againe, which were in that great hulke. The Viceroy then perceiving that their treason was throughly espied, stayed our Master, and sounded the Trumpet, and gave order that his people should upon all sides charge upon our men, which warded on shoore, and else where, which strooke such a mase, and sudden feare among us, that many gave place, and sought to recover our shippes for the safetie of themselves. The Spaniards which secretly were hid in ambush at lande were quickly conveyed over to the yland in their long boates, and so comming to the yland, they slewe all our men that they could meete with, without mercy. The Minion which had somewhat before prepared her selfe to avoyd the danger, haled away and abode the first brunt of the 300 men that were in the great hulke: then they sought to fall aboord the Jesus, where was a cruell fight, and many of our men slaine: but yet our men defended themselves, and kept them out: so the Jesus also got loose, and joyning with the Minion, the fight waxed hote upon all sides: but they having woon and got our ordinance on shore, did greatly annoy us. In this fight there were two great shippes of the Spaniards sunke, and one burnt, so that with their shippes they were not able to harme us, but from the shore they beat us cruelly with our owne ordinance, in such sort that the Jesus was very sore spoyled: and suddenly the Spaniards having fired two great ships of their owne, they came directly against us, which bred among our men a marveilous feare. Howbeit the Minion which had made her sayles ready, shifted for her selfe, without consent of the Generall, Captaine or Master, so that very hardly our Generall could be received into the Minion: the most of our men that were in the Jesus shifted for themselves, and followed the Minion in the boat, and those which that small boat was not able to receive, were most cruelly slaine by the Spaniards. Of our ships none escaped saving the Minion and the Judith: and all such of our men as were not in them were inforced to abide the tyrannous cruelty of the Spaniards. For it is a certaine trueth, that whereas they had taken certaine of our men ashore, they tooke and hung them up by the armes upon high postes untill the blood burst out of their fingers ends: of which men so used, there is one Copstow, and certaine others yet alive, who by the mercifull providence of the almighty, were long since arrived here at home in England , carying still about with them (and shal to their graves) the marks and tokens of those inhumane and more then barbarous cruell dealings.
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