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CECINA Tuscany, Italy.

A city at the mouth of the river Cecina, named for an Etruscan-Roman family who owned vast land tracts, clay pits, kilns, and salt beds. Rutilius Namatianus (De reditu suo 453-478) describes a villa (of Albinus Cecina?) in what is now San Vincenzino, a short distance from the mouth of the river in the direction of the Marina. There, in the 18th and 19th c., remains of a Roman villa were found. The cistern under it is of typical Roman design with a covering of opus signinum and a concrete core (the actual cistern: 16.25 x 5.30 m x 4 m high; 344 cubic m, a capacity of ca. 350,000 liters). Through a system of double filters (wire mesh measuring 0.54 x 0.95 m) the water passed in a winding distribution channel (ca. 100 m long) with three wells for raising the water (for the kitchens, the laundries, and the stables) and for inspection. The vast complexity of the water works well attests to a villa on a grand scale. In the upper part of this cistern have been discovered the fittings for a bath, a small swimming pool, and remains of a mosaic peristyle, aqueducts, and farm equipment. Around the villa or farm, it is possible that an Etruscan-Roman settlement had developed. The discoveries of tombs and of Etruscan necropoleis (at Ghinchia and Le Pompe) and of Roman necropoleis (at San Giuseppe and at Campo ai Ciottoli) might indicate such a settlement. Archaeological finds are preserved in the Museo Civico at Cecina.


L. Cipriani, Avventure della mia vita (1934) 25-31; G. Monaco in FA, vols. 18-19, and StEtr (Rassegna Scavi e scoperte) from 33 (1965) to 39 (1971); M. Failli, Voce della Riviera Etrusca vol. 3, n. 17-18, pp. 2-3; 4, n. 22-23, pp. 4-10.


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