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ECDIPPA or Achzib (ez-Zib) Israel.

Town on the Mediterranean coast, 9.4 km N of Acre. It was autonomous in the Persian period, and possibly occurs in Skylax' list. Pliny (HN 5.75) mentions Ecdippa, a town on the Phoenician coast and Eusebius refers to it as a road station 9 miles N of Acre on the road to Tyre (Onom. 30.13). In Jewish sources it appears as a place on the N boundary of the Holy Land. Excavations have revealed six occupation levels, from the 9th to the 3d c. B.C., and Persian and Phoenician cemeteries outside the town.


F. M. Abel, Géographie de la Palestine II (1938) 237; M. Avi-Yonah, The Holy Land (1966) 28, 130.


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    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 5.17
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