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GENUA (Genoa) Liguria, Italy.

A port city destroyed by Hannibal and restored by the Romans for use as a military base against the Ligurians. From Livy (21.32) it is known that it was under Roman domination by 218 B.C. Little remains from pre-Roman times except Greek vases, mostly 4th c. imports, and Etruscan bronzes, both from the necropolis. Excavations have so far revealed no evidence before the 4th c. of a settled colony on the hill overlooking the oldest center of habitation at the harbor (S. Maria di Castello) although sherds testify to the traffic that might be expected around a harbor. The position of the modern city over the Roman town has made exploration impossible but the Roman grid is discernible in the regularity of the present city's street plan.


R. Paribeni, “Necropoli arcaica rinvenuta nella città di Genova,” Ausonia 5 (1910) 13ff; N. Lamboglia, Liguria romana I (1938) Ch. v; id., La Liguria antica (1941); L. Bernabò Brea & G. Chiappella, “Nuove scoperte nella necropoli preromana di Genova,” RStLig (1951) 163ff; T. Mannoni, “Le ricerche archeologiche nell'area urbana di Genova,” Boll. Ligustico 19 (1967) 9ff; T. O. De Negri, Storia di Genova (1968).


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    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 21, 32
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