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RISINIUM (Risan) S Montenegro, Boka-Kotorska, Yugoslavia.

A city 11 km NW of Kotor. It was mentioned in the Pseudo-Skylax, Polybios (2.16), Pliny (3.144), and Ptolemy (2.16.3). It was well known because of the Roman campaigns against the Illyrians under Teuta. The city consisted of a fortress in Gradine and a civilian community below in the NE part of Carine. The city was a colony from early Imperial times and developed into a typically Roman city with a strong Italian element added to the native Illyrian population. Economically important, Risinium had contacts with other cities, especially in the inner province of Dalmatia (Doclea, Municipium S.).

Archaeological investigations have so far been only preservative. The remains of one building in the forum are today in the city park of Risan.

A villa near the route Risan-Nikšić comprises ca. 1000 sq. m consisting of a central courtyard around which a number of rectangular rooms were arranged. Four of them were decorated with mosaics. In many places on the walls, traces of fresco paintings have been discovered. To the W of the atrium additional mosaics have been discovered but have not yet beea investigated and published.


D. Vuksan, “Las mosaiques romains de Risan,” Albania 4 (1932); C. Marković, “Travaux conservativo-restauratifs dans ha localité des mosaiques de Risan en 1963,” Annuaire de l'Institut pour protection des monuments historiques du Montenegro 2 (1964) 103-16.


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    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 3.22
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