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TITELBERG Luxembourg.

Prehistoric oppidum near Pétange, later a Celtic and Roman vicus with many industrial activities. In the 19th c. parts of some Roman houses were found, a lead fragment stamped FLAVINIOS FLAVOS FEC(it), baths, some fragments of what may have been a Graeco-Roman sanctuary, and portions of a Roman (?) fortification wall that had been known since the 17th c. Later excavations revealed a narrow, rectangular Roman house of urban type, and the Celtic settlement. Coins have proved that there was a prosperous Celtic village before the Romans came: the coins of 43 civitates attest well-organized trade focusing on the Titelberg agglomeration.

Since WW II excavations have produced many Roman objects, mainly of the 2d and 4th c.: walls, houses, cellars, a glass factory, potters' officinae, and coins from all four centuries of Roman occupation. Among the most characteristic objects are an altar dedicated to the Genius Vosugonum by one Sabinus, a public slave; a huge bronze ring intended for Mercurius or Mithra; a number of stone miniatures of votive character in the shape of houses, fana, sanctuaries, and public buildings; tituli; a clay statuette signed by FIDELIS; stamped pottery from many parts of Gaul and Germany. Unfortunately the mountain is undermined by abandoned galleries which make stratigraphic research impossible. Finds are in the Musée d'Histoire et d'Art in Luxembourg.


C. M. Ternes, Répertoire archéologique du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (1971) I, 153ff; H, 229ff; id., Das römische Luxemburg (1974) 165ff; id., “Le T. vue par Alexandre Wiltheim,” Kohrspronk 3 (1974) 7-32, with bibl.


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