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bello . . . hostibus: loc. abl. expressing the circumstances; we may translate by a clause with when.

ad patris exercitum: Pompey, then seventeen years old, served with his father, Cn. Pompeius Strabo, consul B.C. 89, the last year of the Social War.

summi imperatoris: his father, who commanded on the side of the Senate against Cinna, B.C. 87.

imperator: in B.C. 83 the young Pompey raised an army (chiefly from his father's immense estates in Picenum) and joined Sulla, who complimented him as imperator, although he had not yet held even the quaestorship.

quisquam, used on account of the neg. idea in saepius quam; see note on cujusquam, p. 78, l. 25.

inimico, a private adversary (e.g. before a court).

imperiis: all Pompey's commands had been either assumed by him or irregularly conferred upon him until he obtained the consulship in B.C. 70.

Civile, Africanum, etc.: Pompey's exploits in these various wars are referred to in the same order but in greater detail below (sects. 30-35), where see notes. The last mentioned, that with the pirates (bellum navale), is of course specially dwelt on (sects. 31-35).

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  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Cicero, On Pompey's Command, 30
    • Cicero, On Pompey's Command, 31
    • Cicero, On Pompey's Command, 35
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