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The argument in this and the following section is a telling one: "In the case of Pompey himself precedent has often been violated with the full assent of Catulus. Why, then, should Catulus be so scrupulous now, when the highest interests of the state are involved?" For the several occurrences referred to, see notes on sects. 28-30, above.

privatum, i.e. not a magistrate.

a senatorio gradu: no one could legally enter the Senate until after holding the quaestorship, the minimum age for which was thirty at least, and regularly thirty-six, while Pompey was at the time referred to (B.C. 82) only twenty-three.

in ea provincia, i.e. Africa.

fuit: translate, he showed, etc. (in order to render the abls. of quality, which come in a way foreign to our idiom).

victorem, victorious (pred. adj.).

exercitum deportavit: this was one of the essential conditions of a triumph.

equitem, i.e. not a member of the Senate, having never held a magistracy.

triumphare: the honor of a triumph was restricted to commanders who possessed the imperium by virtue of holding a regular magistracy. Until he was elected consul for the year B.C. 70, Pompey had never had the imperium except by special appointment from the Senate; both his triumphs, therefore, B.C. 80 and 71, were contrary to precedent.


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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Cicero, On Pompey's Command, 28
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