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immanitate barbaras, i.e. barbarous and fierce: his first conquests had subdued the Gauls, Germans, and Britons.

locis infinitas: Caesar moved from Gaul, B.C. 49, into Italy, and the same year to Spain. In 48 he crossed over to Greece, and thence to Egypt; in 47 he carried on war in Asia Minor, and in 46 gained the crowning victory of Thapsus in Africa.

animum vincere, to rule his spirit; cf. Proverbs xvi, 32: "He that is slow to anger is better than the mighty; and he that ruleth his spirit than he that taketh a city."

victoriam temperare, to control the passions of victory (cf. sect. 9, p. 216, l. 27).

nobilitate . . . praestantem: this description is inserted to enhance the credit of Caesar's act, inasmuch as the greater the adversary the more dangerous his restoration would seem.

haec qui facit: a slight break in the construction (anacoluthon); the proper predicate of the preceding infins. would be connected with them by est; the proper object of facit would be a result clause with ut. The effect of the Latin can be exactly reproduced in translation.


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    • Cicero, For Milo, 9
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