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* the house in which S. John and S. Paul (not the Apostles, but two officers who suffered martyrdom under Julian) were murdered, situated on the Caelian just south-west of the porticus Claudia, in the present Via di SS. Giovanni e Paolo (perhaps the CLIVUS SCAURI, q.v.), under the church of that name. The excavations show a private dwelling of the second century, enlarged and rebuilt in the third and fourth, in which, probably in the second half of the third century, a titulus was instituted (titulus Byzantis), while Pammachius founded the basilica at the end of the fourth century. The enlargement consisted for the most part in connecting two houses that had been separated by a narrow street. Upwards of thirty rooms have been opened up, among them a cavaedium, with five rows of three rooms each on the south side, bathrooms, storerooms and stairways. The discovery of an interesting Pagan painting with a marine scene in 1909 may be noticed. The house had three stories, traces of which are visible, and an arcade in front, with two rows of windows above. The facade resembles that of the houses of Ostia (NS 1887, 532; 1890, 79, 150-151; 1891, 161-162; BC 1887, 151-152, 321-322; 1892, 65; 909, 122-123; Mitt. 1889, 261-262; 1891, 107-108; 1892, 297; AJA 1890, 261-285, pl. xvi., xvii.; 1891, 25-37, pl. iv.-vi.; Rom. Quartalschr. 1888, 137-147, 321-326, 404-405 ; Germano, La Casa Celimontana dei SS. martiri Giovanni e Paolo, Roma 1894; Grisar, Geschichte Roms i. 42-45; HJ232; LR350; DAP 2. x(i). 205-208; Wilpert, Mosaiken und Malereien, ii. 631-652; RAP ii. 29-31; HCh 277, 592; ZA 149-158; Kirsch, Rom. Titelkirchen 26-33).

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399 AD (1)
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