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θησαυρός Dionys.):

a temple built in 375 B.C. (Plin. NH xvi. 235) in a grove (lucus) that had been consecrated to the goddess from very early times (Varro, LL v. 49, 74, who assigns the introduction of the cult to Titus Tatius; Dionys. iv. 15). It was on the Cispius, near the sixth shrine of the Argei (Varro, LL v. 50; Ov. Fast. ii. 435-436; iii. 245-246), probably not far west of S. Prassede and just north-west of the Torre Cantarelli, in which neighbourhood inscrip. tions relating to the cult have been found (CIL vi. 356-361, 3694-3695, 30199; BC 1888, 394; 1889, 40; Mitt. 1889, 281). The grove probably extended down the slope southwards from the temple (BC 1905, 204-209), and in 41 B.C. a quaestor, Q. Pedius, either built or restored a wall (CIL vi. 358: locavit. . . murum lunoni Lucinae .. eidemque probavit), which seems to have surrounded both. Servius Tullius is said to have ordered the gifts for new-born children to be placed in the treasury of this temple (Dionys. iv. 15:ἐς τὸν τῆς εἰλειθυίας θησαυρὸν ἣν ῾ρωμαῖαι καλοῦσιϝ ῞Ηραϝ Φωσφορον), so that there may have been a shrine of some sort before that built in 375. In 190 B.C. the temple was struck by lightning, and its gable and doors injured (Liv. xxxvii. 3. 2). The annual festival of the Matronalia was celebrated here on Ist March (Fest. 147; Ov. Fast. iii. 247; Hemer. Praenest. ad Kal. Mart., CIL iS. p. 310), the day of dedication of the temple. It continued to exist during the empire, as is shown by inscriptions (HJ 333-334; Gilb. i. 174, 228; iii. 357; Rosch. ii. 602; WR 183; DEii. 2161-2162; REx. 1116).

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375 BC (2)
41 BC (1)
190 BC (1)
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