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κρᾶσις εως, (Ion. κρῆσις Hp.Vict.1.32): (κεράννυμι):—
A.mixing, blending of things which form a compound, as wine and water, opp. mechanical mixture (defined as an εἶδος μίξεως in which the constituents are liquids, Arist.Top.122b26, cf. Stoic.2.153; περὶ κράσεως, title of work by Alex.Aphr.): first in A., “τὴν δευτέραν γε κ. ἥρωσιν νέμωFr.55, cf. Staphyl.9, Ath.10.426b (pl.); κράσεις ἠπίων ἀκεσμάτων modes of compounding . . , A. Pr.482; “ τῶν ἐναντίων κ.Pl. Lg.889c; “τὴν τῶν νεύρων φύσιν ἐξ ὀστοῦ καὶ σαρκὸς κράσεως . . συνεκεράσατοId.Ti.74d; “ἐκ κράσεως πρὸς ἄλληλαId.Tht.152d; “τὴν ἁρμονίαν κ. καὶ σύνθεσιν ἐναντίων εἶναιArist. de An.407b31; “χρωμάτων ἀκριβὴς κ.Luc.Zeux.5, cf. Arist.Col.792a4.
2. temperature of the air, κρᾶσιν ὑγρὰν οὐκ ἔχων [αἰθήρ] E.Fr.779.2; τὰς ὥρας κ. ἔχειν τοιαύτην ὥστε . . Pl.Phd.111b, cf. Poll.6.178; κ. τῶν ὡρέων temperate climate, Hp. Aër.12; ὅσα περὶ κράσεις climates, Arist.Pr.lib.xivtit.
3. temperament, of the body or mind, κ. σώματος ib.871a24, cf. 953a30; διανοίας ib.909a17; κ. μελαγχολική ib.954b8: pl., “αἱ τῶν σωμάτων κράσιεςTi.Locr.103a, cf. Plot.3.1.6: so in Medic., Hp.Nat.Hom.4, etc.; περὶ κράσεων, title of work by Galen.
5. Gramm., crasis, i.e. the combination of the vowels of two syllables into one long vowel or diphthong, e.g. τοὔνομα for τὸ ὄνομα, ἁνήρ for ἀνήρ, τἆρα for τοι ἄρα, A.D.Adv.128.2, EM822.56, etc.; also, synaeresis of vowels, e.g. εὖ for ἐΰ, ib.392.54; but opp. ἔκθλιψις and συναίρεσις, An.Ox.1.371.
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hide References (9 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (9):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 482
    • Plato, Laws, 889c
    • Plato, Republic, 441e
    • Plato, Phaedo, 86b
    • Plato, Phaedo, 111b
    • Plato, Phaedo, 59a
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 152d
    • Plato, Timaeus, 74d
    • Lucian, Zeuxis, 5
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