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χθόνιος , α, ον, also ος, ον S.OC1727 (lyr.), E.Hipp.1201, Hel.345 (lyr.): (χθών):—, under, or beneath the earth, θεός, δαίμων, Hes.Th. 767, A.Th.522 (lyr.); Ἄϊδα στόμα, of the cavern at Taenarus, Pi.P.4.43, cf. S.OC1727 (lyr.); “χ. λίμνηE.Alc.902 (anap.); Ζεὺς χ., of Hades or Pluto, Hes.Op.465; κτύπησε Ζεὺς χ., of noise from beneath the earth, S.OC1606; “βροντήματα χ.A.Pr.994; “ἠχὼ χ. ὡς βροντὴ ΔιόςE.Hipp. l.c., cf. Ar.Av.1750 (lyr.); χ. θεοί gods of the nether world, opp. ὕπατοι, A.Ag.89 (anap.), etc.; “χ. δαίμονεςId.Pers.628 (anap.); χθόνιοι alone, “μᾶνις χθονίωνPi.P.4.159, cf. A.Pers.641 (lyr.), Ch. 399 (lyr.), al., Pl.Lg.828c, 959d (but Ion. χθονίη, , earlier name of Γῆ, Pherecyd.Syr.1, cf. Dam.Pr.124bis; χ. θεαί, i.e. Demeter and Persephone, Hdt.6.134, 7.153; of the Erinyes, S.OC1568 (lyr.); χ. Ἅιδας, Ἅιδης, E.Alc.237 (lyr.), Andr.544 (anap.); χ. Ἑρμῆς, as conductor of the dead, A.Ch.1, S.El.111 (anap.), Aj.832, Ar.Ra. 1145, Plu.Arist.21; χ. πορεία, opp. οὐρανία, Pl.R.619e; χθονίᾳ φρενί, of the dead, Pi.P.5.101; “χ. ἙκάτηAr.Fr.500 (anap.); χάρις χ. grace with the gods below, S.OC1752 (lyr.); χ. φάμα rumour that is heard in the world below, Id.El.1066 (lyr.).
II. sprung from the earth,ΤιτῆνεςHes.Th.697; of Echion, one of the Theban γηγενεῖς, E.Ba.541 (lyr.), cf. Paus.9.5.3, etc.; but also of mankind, χ. ἄνθρωπος, opp. ἐν οὐρανῷ . . λαχὼν τὴν ὑπόστασιν, Procl. in Prm.p.765 S. Adv. χθονίως in an earthly manner, opp. οὐρανίως, Id.Sacr. p.148 B.
III. of things, of the earth, χ. κόνις (sed leg. γαΐα, Hsch.), A.Th.736 (codd., lyr.); opp. ἀέριος, E.Fr.27.4 (lyr.); “πρηστήρArist.Mu.395a10.—Poet. word, used once or twice in Pl. and in late Prose (v. supr.).
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (37):
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