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The Sabine name of Mars, as the god who brandished the lance (from the Sabine curis= Latin quiris, the lance). The Sabines worshipped him under this name as the father of the founder of their old capital, Cures, just as the Romans honoured Mars as the father of Romulus. When the Sabines migrated to Rome, they took the cult and the name of the god of their race to their new home on the Quirinal Hill. In this way Quirinus, though identical with Mars, had a distinct and separate worship on the slope of the Quirinal. He possessed a temple with priests (see Flamen; Salii) and a special festival. When, in the course of time, their connection was forgotten, Quirinus was identified with the deified Romulus, the son of Mars. The name is also applied to the Ianus or something in the Forum, which it seems to designate as the “Ianus of the Roman people” (Suet. Aug. 22).

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    • Suetonius, Divus Augustus, 22
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