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Daughter of Sp. Tarpeius, the governor of the Roman citadel on the Saturnian Hill, afterwards called the Capitoline. She was tempted by the gold on the Sabine bracelets and collars to open a gate of the fortress to T. Tatius and his Sabines. As they entered, they threw upon her their shields, and thus crushed her to death. She was buried on the hill, and her memory was preserved by the name of the Tarpeian Rock, which was given to a part of the Capitoline (Livy, i. 11). A legend still exists at Rome to the effect that Tarpeia still sits in the heart of the hill covered with gold and jewels, and bound by a spell.

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    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 1, 11
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