The opposing forces at Perryville, Ky., October 8th, 1862.The composition, losses, and strength of each army as here stated give the gist of all the data obtainable in the Official Records. K stands for killed; w for wounded; m w for mortally wounded; m for captured or missing; c for captured.
The Union forces.
Army of the Ohio.--Maj.-Gen. Don Carlos Buell; Maj.-Gen. George H. Thomas, second in command.Escort: Anderson (Pa.) Troop, Lieut. Thomas S. Maple; 4th U. S. Cav. (6 co's), Lieut.-Col. James Oakes. Escort loss: m, 1. Unattached: 7th Pa. Cav. (4 co's), Maj. John E. Wynkoop. Loss: w, 4; m,3=7. First Army Corps, Maj.-Gen. Alexander McD. McCook. Third division, Brig.-Gen. Lovell H. Rousseau. Staff loss: m, 1. Ninth Brigade, Col. Leonard A. Harris: 38th Ind., Col. Benjamin F. Scribner; 2d Ohio, Lieut.-Col. John Kell; 33d Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Oscar F. Moore (w and c), Maj. Frederick J. Lock; 94th Ohio, Col. Joseph W. Frizell; 10th Wis., Col. Alfred R. Chapin; 5th Ind. Battery, Capt. Peter Simonson. Brigade loss: k, 121; w, 419; m, 51 = 591. Seventeenth Brigade, Col. William H. Lytle (w and c), Col. Curran Pope (m w): 42d Ind., Col. James G. Jones; 88th Ind., Col. George Humphrey; 15th Ky., Col. Curran Pope; 3d Ohio, Col. John Beatty; 10th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Joseph W. Burke; 1st Mich. Battery, Capt. Cyrus O. Loomis. Brigade loss: k, 193; w, 606; m, 23 = 822. Twenty-eighth Brigade, Col. John C. Starkweather: 24th Ill., Capt. August Mauff; 79th Pa., Col. Henry A. Hambright; 1st Wis., Lieut.-Col. George B. Bingham; 21st Wis., Col. Benjamin J. Sweet; 4th Ind. Battery, Capt. Asahel K. Bush; 1st Ky. Battery, Capt. David C. Stone. Brigade loss: k,170; w, 477; m, 109 =756. Unattached: 2d Ky. Cav. (6 co's), Col. Buckner Board; A, C, and H, 1st Mich., Eng'rs and Mech's, Maj. Enos Hopkins. Unattached loss: w, 18; m, 4 = 22. Tenth division, Brig.-Gen. James S. Jackson (k). Staff loss: k, 1. Thirty-third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. William R. Terrill (k), Col. Albert S. Hall: 80th Ill., Col. Thomas G. Allen; 123d Ill., Col. James Monroe; Detachments 7th and 32d Ky. and 3d Tenn., Col. Theophilus T. Garrard; 105th Ohio, Col. Albert S. Hall; Parsons's (improvised) Battery, Lieut. Charles C. Parsons. Brigade loss: k, 100; w, 336; m, 91 = 527. Thirty-fourth Brigade, Col. George Webster (k): 80th Ind., Lieut.-Col. Lewis Brooks; 50th Ohio, Col. Jonah R. Taylor, Lieut.-Col. Silas A. Strickland; 98th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Christian L. Poorman; 121st Ohio, Col. William P. Reid; 19th Ind. Battery, Capt. Samuel J. Harris. Brigade loss: k, 87; w, 346; m, 146 = 579. Second Army Corps,1 Maj.-Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden. Fourth division, Brig.-Gen. William S. Smith. Tenth Brigade, Col. William Grose: 84th Ill., Col. Louis H. Waters; 36th Ind., Lieut.-Col. O. H. P. Carey; 23d Ky., Lieut.-Col. J. P. Jackson; 6th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Nicholas L. Anderson; 24th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Frederick C. Jones; H, 4th U. S. Art'y, Lieut. Samuel Canby; M, 4th U. S. Art'y, Capt. John Mendenhall. Nineteenth Brigade, Col. William B. Hazen: 110th Ill., Col. Thomas S. Casey; 9th Ind., Col. William H. Blake; 6th Ky., Col. Walter C. Whitaker; 27th Ky., Col. C. D. Pennebaker; 41st Ohio, Lieut.-Col. George S. Mygatt; F, 1st Ohio Art'y, Capt. Daniel T. Cockerill. Twenty-second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Charles Cruft: 31st Ind., Lieut.-Col. John Osborn; 1st Ky., Lieut.-Col. David A. Enyart; 2d Ky., Col. Thomas D. Sedgwick; 20th Ky., Lieut.-Col. Charles S. Hanson; 90th Ohio, Col. Isaac N. Ross; B, 1st Ohio Art'y, Capt. William E. Standart. Cavalry: 2d Ky. (4 co's), Lieut.-Col. Thomas B. Cochran. Fifth division, Brig.-Gen. Horatio P. Van Cleve. Eleventh Brigade, Col. Samuel Beatty: 79th Ind., Col. Frederick Knefler; 9th Ky., Lieut.-Col. George H. Cram; 13th Ky., Lieut.-Col. J. B. Carlile; 19th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. E. W. Hollinsworth; 59th Ohio, Col. James P. Fyffe. Fourteenth Brigade, Col. Pierce B. Hawkins: 44th Ind., Col. Hugh B. Reed; 86th Ind., Col. Orville S. Hamilton; 11th Ky., Lieut.-Col. S. P. Love; 26th Ky., Col. Cicero Maxwell; 13th Ohio, Col. Joseph G. Hawkins. Twentythird Brigade, Col. Stanley Matthews: 35th Ind., Col. Bernard F. Mullen; 8th Ky., Col. Sidney M. Barnes; 21st Ky., Col. S. Woodson Price; 51st Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Richard W. McClain; 99th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. John E. Cummins. Artillery: 7th Ind., Capt. George R. Swallow; B, Pa., Lieut. Alanson J. Stevens; 3d Wis., Capt. Lucius H. Drury. Sixth division, Brig.-Gen. Thomas J. Wood. Fifteenth Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Milo S. Hascall: 100th Ill., Co]. Frederick A. Bartleson; 17th Ind., Lieut.-Col. George W. Gorman; 58th Ind., Col. George P. Buell; 3d Ky., Lieut.-Col. William T. Scott; 26th Ohio, Maj. Chris. M. Degenfield; 8th Ind. Battery, Lieut. George Estep. Twentieth Brigade, Col. Charles G. Harker: 51st Ind., Col. Abel D. Streight; 73d Ind., Col. Gilbert Hathaway; 13th Mich., Lieut.-Col. Frederick W. Worden; 64th Ohio, Col. John Ferguson; 65th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. William H. Young; 6th Ohio Battery, Capt. Cullen Bradley. Twenty-first Brigade, Col. George D. Wagner: 15th Ind., Lieut.-Col. Gustavus A. Wood; 40th Ind., Col. John W. Blake; 57th Ind., Col. Cyrus C. Hines; 24th Ky., Col. Louis B. Grigsby; 97th Ohio, Col. John Q. Lane; 10th Ind. Battery, Capt. Jerome B. Cox. Brigade loss (40th Ind.): w, 2. Unattached: B, E, I, and K, 1st Mich., Eng's and Mech's, Col. William P. Innes; 1st Ohio Cav. (detachment), Maj. James Laughlin. Third Army Corps, Maj.-Gen. Charles C. Gilbert. First division, Brig.-Gen. Albin Schoepf. First Brigade, Col. Moses B. Walker: 82d Ind., Col. Morton C. Hunter; 12th Ky., Col. William A. Hoskins; 17th Ohio, Col. John M. Connell; 31st Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Frederick W. Lister; 38th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. William A. Choate. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Speed S. Fry: 10th Ind., Col. William C. Kise; 74th Ind., Col. Charles W. Chapman; 4th Ky., Col. John T. Croxton; 10th Ky., Lieut.-Col. William H. Hays; 14th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. George P. Este. Brigade loss: k, 4; w, 7= 11. Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. James B. Steedman: 87th Ind., Col. Kline G. Shryock; 2d Minn., Col. James George; 9th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Charles Joseph; 35th Ohio, Col. Ferdinand Van Derveer; 18th U. S., Maj. Frederick Townsend. Brigade loss: w, 6; m, 8 = 14. Artillery: 4th Mich., Capt. Josiah W. Church; C, 1st Ohio, Capt. Daniel K. Southwick; I, 4th U. S., Lieut. Frank G. Smith. Artillery loss: w, 1. Cavalry: 1st Ohio (detachment), Col. Minor Milliken. Ninth division, Brig.-Gen. Robert B. Mitchell. Thirtieth Brigade, Col. Michael Gooding: 59th 111., Maj. Joshua C. Winters; 74th Ill., Lieut.-Col. James B. Kerr; 75th Ill., Lieut.-Col. John E. Bennett; 22d Ind., Lieut.-Col. Squire I. Keith (k); 5th Wis. Battery, Capt. Oscar F. Pinney. Brigade loss: k, 121; w, 314; m, 64=499. Thirty-first Brigade, Col. William P. Carlin: 21st Ill., Col. John W. S. Alexander; 38th Ill., Maj. Daniel H. Gilmer; 101st Ohio, Col. Leander Stem; 15th Wis., Col. Hans C. Heg; 2d Minn. Battery, Capt. William A. Hotchkiss. Brigade loss: w, 10. Thirty-second Brigade, Col. William W. Caldwell: 25th Il1., Lieut.-Col. James S. McClelland; 35th Ill., Lieut.-Col. William P. Chandler; 81st Ind.,  Lieut.-Col. John Timberlake; 8th Kan. (battalion), Lieut.-Col. John A. Martin; 8th Wis. Battery, Capt. Stephen J. Carpenter. Cavalry: B, 36th Ill., Capt. Samuel B. Sherer. Eleventh division, Brig.-Gen. Philip H. Sheridan. Thirty-fifth Brigade, Lieut.-Col. Bernard Laiboldt: 44th Ill., Capt. Wallace W. Barrett; 73d Ill., Col. James F. Jaquess; 2d Mo., Capt. Walter Hoppe (k); 15th Mo., Maj. John Weber. Brigade loss: k, 22; w, 102; m, 1 = 125. Thirty-sixth Brigade, Col. Daniel McCook: 85th Ill., Col. Robert S. Moore; 86th Ill., Col. David D. Irons; 125th Ill., Col. Oscar F. Harmon; 52d Ohio, Lieut.-Col. D. D. T. Cowen. Brigade loss: k, 7; w, 63; m, 9 = 79. Thirty-seventh Brigade, Col. Nicholas Greusel: 36th Ill., Capt. Silas Miller; 88th Ill., Col. Francis T. Sherman; 21st Mich., Col. Ambrose A. Stevens; 24th Wis., Col. Charles H. Larrabee. Brigade loss: k, 15; w, 124; m, 4 = 143. Artillery: I, 2d Ill., Capt. Charles M. Barnett; G, 1st Mo., Capt. Henry Hescock. Artillery loss: w, 3. cavalry: Third Brigade, Capt. Ebenezer Gay: 9th Ky. (detachment), Lieut.-Col. John Boyle; 2d Mich., Lieut.-Col. Archibald P. Campbell; 9th Pa., Lieut.-Col. Thomas C. James. Cavalry loss: k, 4; w, 13 = 17. Total Union loss: killed, 845; wounded, 2851; captured or missing, 515 = 4211. The most definite information afforded by the “Official Records” relative to the strength of the Union forces is contained in the testimony given before the Buell Commission by Major J. M. Wright, assistant adjutant-general at Buell's headquarters. On page 660, Vol. XVI., Part I., he says: “After the battle I do not think there were more than fifty thousand of the army which appeared in front of Perryville.” Adding to this number the 4000 casualties sustained in the battle, would. make the entire army at and about Perryville 54,000 strong.2 Perhaps not over one-half of these were actually engaged. General McCook, commanding the First Corps (which bore the brunt of the fight), says that “Rousseau had present on the field 7000; Jackson, 5500; the brigade of Gooding [from Mitchell's division of Gilbert's corps] amounting to about 1500.” The strength of Crittenden's (Second) and Gilbert's (Third) Corps is not any — where officially stated. Crittenden did not reach the field of action until the conflict was practically ended, and only parts of Wagner's and Hazen's brigades of his corps became slightly engaged.
The Confederate forces.Maj.-Gen. Leonidas Polk. Right wing, Maj.-Gen. Benjamin F. Cheatham. Cheatham's division, Brig.-Gen. Daniel S. Donelson. First Brigade, Col. John H. Savage: 8th Tenn., Col. W. L. Moore; 15th Tenn., Col. R., C. Tyler; 16th Tenn., Lieut.-Col. D. M. Donnell; 38th Tenn., Col. John C. Carter; 51st Tenn., Col. John Chester; Tenn. Battery, Capt. W. W. Carnes. Brigade loss: k, 68; w, 272; m, 7 = 347. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. A. P. Stewart: 4th Tenn., Col. O. F. Strahl; 5th Tenn., Col. C. D. Venable; 24th Tenn., Lieut.-Col. H. L. W. Bratton; 31st Tenn., Col. E. E. Tansil; 33d Tenn., Col. W. P. Jones; Miss. Battery, Capt. T. J. Stanford. Brigade loss: k, 62; w, 340; m, 26 = 428. Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. George Maney: 41st Ga., Col. Charles A. McDaniel (w), Maj. John Knight; 1st Tenn., Col. H. R. Field; 6th Tenn., Col. George C. Porter; 9th Tenn., Lieut.-Col. John W. Buford (w), Major George W. Kelsoe; 27th Tenn., Lieut.-Col. W. Frierson (w), Major A. C. Allen; Miss. Battery, Lieut. William B. Turner. Brigade loss: k, 136; w, 517; m, 34 = 687. cavalry Brigade, Col. John A. Wharton: 1st Ky. (3 co's),----;3 4th Tenn.,----; 8th Tex.,----. Brigade loss (not separately reported). left wing, Maj.-Gen. William J. Hardee. Second division, Brig.-Gen. J. Patton Anderson. First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. John C. Brown (w), Col. William Miller: 1st Fla., Col. William Miller; 3d Fla.,----; 41st Miss.,----; Palmer's Battery,----. Brigade loss (not separately reported). Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Daniel W. Adams: 13th La., Col. R. L. Gibson; 16th La., Col. D. C. Gober; 20th La., Col. Aug. Reichard, Lieut.-Col. Leon von Zinken; 25th La., Col. S. W. Fisk; 14th Battalion La. Sharp-shooters, Major J. E. Austin; 5th Co. Washington (La.) Art'y, Capt. C. H. Slocomb. Brigade loss: k, 6; w, 78; m, 68 = 152. Third Brigade, Col. Samuel Powell: 45th Ala.,----; 1st Ark.,----; 24th Miss., Col. William F. Dowd; 29th Tenn.,----; Mo. Battery, Capt. Overton W. Barret. Brigade loss (not separately reported). Fourth Brigade, Col. Thomas M. Jones: 27th Miss.,----; 30th Miss.,----; 37th Miss.,----; Ala. Battery (Lumsden's). Brigade loss (not separately reported). Third division, Maj.-Gen. Simon B. Buckner. First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. St. John R. Liddell: 2d Ark.,----; 5th Ark., Col. L. Featherston; 6th Ark.,----; 7th Ark., Col. D. A. Gillespie; 8th Ark., Col. John H. Kelly; Miss. Battery (Swett's). Brigade loss: k, w, and m, 71. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. P. R. Cleburne (w): 13th Ark.,----; 15th Ark.,----; 2d Tenn.,----; Ark. Battery (Calvert's). Brigade loss (not separately reported). Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Bushrod R. Johnson: 5th Confederate, Col. J. A. Smith; 17th Tenn., Col. A. S. Marks; 23d Tenn., Lieut.-Col. R. H. Keeble; 25th Tenn., Col. John M. Hughs; 37th Tenn., Col. Moses White; 44th Tenn., Col. John S. Fulton; Miss. Battery (Jefferson Art'y), Capt. Put. Darden. Brigade loss: k, 30; w, 165; m, 9=204. Fourth Brigade, Brig.-Gen. S. A. M. Wood (w): 16th Ala.,----; 33d Ala.,----; 3d Confederate,----; 45th Miss.,----; 15th Battalion Miss. Sharp-shooters,----; Ala. Battery, Capt. Henry C. Semple. Brigade loss (not separately reported). cavalry Brigade, Col. Joseph Wheeler: 1st Ala., Col. William W. Alien; 3d Ala., Col. James Hagan; 6th Confederate, Lieut.-Col. James A. Pell; 2d Ga. (battalion), Maj. C. A. Whaley; 3d Ga., Col. Martin J. Crawford; 1st Ky. (6 co's), Maj. J. W. Caldwell. Brigade loss (not separately reported). Total Confederate loss: killed, 510; wounded, 2635; missing, 251 = 3396. General Bragg reports ( “Official Records,” Vol. XVI., Pt. I., p. 1092) that “our forces . . . consisted of three divisions of infantry (about 14,500) and two small brigades of cavalry (about 1500).” General Polk reports (p. 1110): “The whole of our force, including all arms, did not exceed 15,000.”4 
|On the skirmish line.|