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The 146th New York at Little Round Top.

by James G. Grindlay, Brevet Brigadier-General, U. S. V.

Uniform of the 146th New York regiment.

In “The century” for December, 1886 [see p. 298 of this volume], in the illustration, “View from the position of Hazlett's battery on Little Round Top,” it is stated, “the monument marks the position of the 91st Pennsylvania of Weed's brigade.” I beg to say that the location of the monument is exactly where the headquarters of the 146th: New York Volunteers were established and maintained during the battle of Gettysburg. Weed's brigade comprised the 140th and 146th New York and the 91st and 155th Pennsylvania Volunteers, and they formed the line of battle on Little Round Top in the order as named from left to right.

The Big Rock stands upon the summit of Little Round Top, and was the headquarters of the 146th New York, Colonel Kenner Garrard, and also brigade headquarters, when Colonel Garrard succeeded General Weed in command when the latter was killed. The 146th New York occupied the ground immediately in front of the Big Rock, and the center and colors of our regiment were opposite the rock — the 91st being on our right, as before stated; and the extreme left of the 91st Pennsylvania was at least one hundred yards to the right of the rock. I am confirmed in this statement by correspondence with brother officers, among others Major C. K. Dutton, of New York City, who writes me: “Your statement of the position of 146th is correct. One thing I do know, viz., that my company (H) was to the right of the rock, and several companies of the regiment on the right of my company before the 91st Pennsylvania came in line. Jenkins, Armstrong, and myself had our position a hundred feet to the right of the rock.” The writer commanded the color company, and his memory is refreshed from the fact that at the reunion of the regiment at Rome, N. Y., August 6th last, the subject was fully discussed and steps taken to erect a monument to mark the position, also by a recent examination of the maps and photographs of the field of battle at the residence of General Sickles by a committee of our regiment.

Utica, N. Y., Dec. 26th, 1886.

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