previous next

7% of the text is displayed below. If you wish to view the entire text, please click here


Chapter 22: the siege of Vicksburg.

Vicksburg must be taken,” was the fiat of General Grant, in obedience to the will of the loyal people, and he made instant preparations for the great work on his return to Memphis from the conference at Napoleon. The Government was fully alive to the importance and difficulties of the undertaking, and had sent him re-enforcements for the purpose. He had already adopted an important measure for the promotion of the efficiency of his army, by organizing it
Dec. 22, 1862.
into four corps, known as the Thirteenth, Fifteenth, Sixteenth, and Seventeenth Army Corps.1 By this arrangement the Commander-in-chief was relieved of much official drudgery, and the generals under him commanding corps had a wider field in which to display their own powers.

General Giant was fully sensible of the importance of the acts of Congress, and the proclamation of the President authorizing the enlistment and use of colored troops; and being a soldier and not a politician, and a manly citizen, who loved justice more than popularity, heartily approved of those measures, and, in orders, said :--“It is expected that all commanders will especially exert themselves in carrying out the policy of the administration, not only in organizing colored troops, and rendering them efficient, but also in removing prejudices against them.” “As the servant of a great Republic,” says an accomplished writer on military affairs, “he left to the Departments of the Government their specific duties, while he performed his own.” 2

It was evident that a direct assault upon the defenses of Vicksburg by the army and navy would result in failure, and Grant determined to move upon them in reverse or rear. How to get a base for such operations was a [584] vital question, and his attention was turned alternately to the Canal that General Williams attempted to cut,3 Milliken's Bend, Lake Providence, the Yazoo Pass, and Steele's Bayou. All of these routes were tried, as we shall observe, before in another way he achieved the desired end.

It was determined first to complete Williams's canal across the peninsula opposite Vicksburg, which was traversed by the Shreveport and Vicksburg railroad--the great highway over which large quantities of supplies for the Confederates were transported from Western Louisiana. That cut-off was five or six miles from Vicksburg. By it, when completed, that city would be isolated, and through it troops and supplies might be safely transported out of reach of the Vicksburg batteries to a new base of supplies below that town. It also seemed probable that it would make a new channel for the Mississippi, and leave Vicksburg on the borders of a bayou only.

For the prosecution of this work McClernand, by order of Grant, moved with his army down the Mississippi on the day after the conference at Napoleon.

Jan. 9, 1863.
In consequence of detention by a storm, it did

Peninsula opposite Vicksburg.

not reach its destination at Young's Point, on the right bank of the river, nearly opposite the mouth of the Yazoo, until late on the 21st. On the following day the troops landed, and took post a little farther down the river, so as to protect the

View showing the site of the Canal.4

line of the canal. There also Porter's fleet, strengthened by the addition of several armored vessels, such as the Chillicothe, Indianola, Lafayette, East-port, [585] and other gun-boats rendezvoused, and immense power was immediately brought to bear on the cutting of the canal, and other operations of a vigorous siege.

General Grant, as we have observed, hastened back to Memphis after the conference at Napoleon, and immediately commenced moving his troops, which had been gathered there after the disaster at Holly Springs, down the Mississippi, to assist in the siege of Vicksburg. These troops had been pushed to Memphis from Grand Junction as rapidly as possible, and were now reorganized and in readiness for other work. All these veterans of the Army of the Tennessee, excepting detachments left to hold posts in that State, and the divisions of Logan, were there, and with ample provisions and other supplies, they were now borne swiftly, on more than a hundred transports, upon the rapid current of the rising Mississippi, and were before Vicksburg at the beginning of February. Grant himself arrived at Young's Point on the 2d,

Feb., 1863.
and assumed command in person. Already the work on the canal (which was only a mile in length) had been vigorously prosecuted by the soldiers with their picks and shovels, and by the powerful

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
Vicksburg (Mississippi, United States) (68)
Port Hudson (Louisiana, United States) (20)
Jackson (Mississippi, United States) (16)
Grand Gulf (Mississippi, United States) (14)
Mississippi (Mississippi, United States) (11)
Big Black (Mississippi, United States) (11)
Port Gibson (Mississippi, United States) (10)
Louisiana (Louisiana, United States) (10)
Yazoo City (Mississippi, United States) (9)
Texas (Texas, United States) (9)
Red River (Texas, United States) (9)
Galveston (Texas, United States) (9)
Brashear City (Louisiana, United States) (9)
Indianola (Texas, United States) (7)
Raymond (Mississippi, United States) (6)
Natchitoches (Louisiana, United States) (6)
Clinton (Mississippi, United States) (6)
Baton Rouge (Louisiana, United States) (6)
Ricohoc (Louisiana, United States) (5)
Opelousas (Louisiana, United States) (5)
Milliken's Bend (Louisiana, United States) (5)
Milford (New Jersey, United States) (5)
Lake Providence (Louisiana, United States) (5)
Greenwood (Mississippi, United States) (5)
Chillicothe (Ohio, United States) (4)
Yazoo River (United States) (3)
Tennessee (Tennessee, United States) (3)
Steele's Bayou (Mississippi, United States) (3)
Pattersonville (Louisiana, United States) (3)
Napoleon (Ohio, United States) (3)
Indiana (Indiana, United States) (3)
Hartford (Connecticut, United States) (3)
Clifton, Arizona (Arizona, United States) (3)
Butte County (Idaho, United States) (3)
Bruinsburg (Mississippi, United States) (3)
Bakers Creek (Mississippi, United States) (3)
Alabama (Alabama, United States) (3)
Warrenton (Virginia, United States) (2)
Vermilion Bayou (Louisiana, United States) (2)
Utica (New York, United States) (2)
Tallahatchee River (Mississippi, United States) (2)
Stevenson (Alabama, United States) (2)
Sabine Pass (Texas, United States) (2)
Natchez (Mississippi, United States) (2)
Moon Lake (Mississippi, United States) (2)
Louisville (Kentucky, United States) (2)
Gulf of Mexico (2)
Estrella (Arizona, United States) (2)
De Soto (Mississippi, United States) (2)
De Kalb, Missouri (Missouri, United States) (2)
Comite River, La. (Louisiana, United States) (2)
Buena Vista (Illinois, United States) (2)
Atchafalaya River (Louisiana, United States) (2)
Arizona (Arizona, United States) (2)
Yazoo Pass (Mississippi, United States) (1)
Wisconsin (Wisconsin, United States) (1)
Westfield Reservoir (Massachusetts, United States) (1)
Washington (United States) (1)
Virginia Point (Texas, United States) (1)
Union Church (Mississippi, United States) (1)
Tuscumbia (Alabama, United States) (1)
Trinity (Texas, United States) (1)
Thompson's Hill (Massachusetts, United States) (1)
Thibodeaux (Louisiana, United States) (1)
Tensas River (Louisiana, United States) (1)
Starkville (Mississippi, United States) (1)
St. Louis (Missouri, United States) (1)
South Carolina (South Carolina, United States) (1)
Shreveport (Louisiana, United States) (1)
San Jacinto River (Texas, United States) (1)
Romeo (Michigan, United States) (1)
Rodney (Mississippi, United States) (1)
Ripley (Mississippi, United States) (1)
Raleigh (North Carolina, United States) (1)
Priddy (Mississippi, United States) (1)
Pittsburg Landing (Tennessee, United States) (1)
Ouachita (United States) (1)
Osyka (Mississippi, United States) (1)
Okanoxubee River (United States) (1)
Ohio (Ohio, United States) (1)
New Jersey (New Jersey, United States) (1)
Mound City (Illinois, United States) (1)
Mobile, Ala. (Alabama, United States) (1)
Mississippi Springs (Nevada, United States) (1)
Mississippi (United States) (1)
Massachusetts (Massachusetts, United States) (1)
Louisianaville (Missouri, United States) (1)
La Grange (Tennessee, United States) (1)
Kingston (Jamaica) (1)
Key West (Florida, United States) (1)
Irish Bend (Louisiana, United States) (1)
Iowa (Iowa, United States) (1)
Holly Springs (Mississippi, United States) (1)
Hinds county (Mississippi, United States) (1)
Helena, Ark. (Arkansas, United States) (1)
Hazelhurst (Alabama, United States) (1)
Harrisburg (Texas, United States) (1)
Hampton Roads (Virginia, United States) (1)
Grenada (Mississippi, United States) (1)
Greensburg (Louisiana, United States) (1)
Grand Lake (Louisiana, United States) (1)
Grand Junction (Tennessee, United States) (1)
Georgia (Georgia, United States) (1)
Galveston Island (Texas, United States) (1)
Galveston Bay (Texas, United States) (1)
Gallatin, Tenn. (Tennessee, United States) (1)
Fort Pierre (South Dakota, United States) (1)
Fort Henry (Tennessee, United States) (1)
Fort Donelson (Tennessee, United States) (1)
Fort De Russy (Louisiana, United States) (1)
Empire City (Idaho, United States) (1)
Elizabeth City (North Carolina, United States) (1)
Eagle Bend (Mississippi, United States) (1)
Deer Creek (Mississippi, United States) (1)
De Soto, Jefferson County, Missouri (Missouri, United States) (1)
Clear Spring, Md. (Maryland, United States) (1)
Cambridge (Massachusetts, United States) (1)
Brooklyn (New York, United States) (1)
Brookhaven (Mississippi, United States) (1)
Bridgeport (Connecticut, United States) (1)
Bayou Sara (Alabama, United States) (1)
Bayou Pierre Lake (Louisiana, United States) (1)
Bayou Macon (United States) (1)
Auburn, Ala. (Alabama, United States) (1)
Atchafalaya Bay (Louisiana, United States) (1)
Arkansas (Arkansas, United States) (1)
Amite River (Louisiana, United States) (1)
Alexandria (Virginia, United States) (1)

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Ulysses S. Grant (62)
John C. Pemberton (29)
John A. McClernand (28)
J. B. McPherson (25)
Opelousas Banks (25)
William T. Sherman (22)
Admiral D. D. Porter (22)
Joseph E. Johnston (14)
Richard Taylor (13)
D. Renshaw (12)
Nathanibl P. Banks (12)
Stonewall Jackson (10)
John A. Logan (9)
A. P. Hovey (8)
Benjamin H. Grierson (8)
David G. Farragut (8)
W. H. T. Walker (7)
J. B. Magruder (7)
Godfrey Weitzel (6)
Peter J. Osterhaus (6)
Eugene A. Carr (6)
L. F. Ross (5)
W. W. Loring (5)
M. M. Crocker (5)
John Bowen (5)
Montgomery Blair (5)
Carter L. Stevenson (4)
Melancthon Smith (4)
Henry J. Raymond (4)
Quinby (4)
Cuvier Grover (4)
William Dwight (4)
Jefferson Davis (4)
Frederick Crocker (4)
Westfield (3)
W. T. Sherman (3)
Martin Green (3)
W. H. Emory (3)
Charles Ellet (3)
McKean Buchanan (3)
Braxton Bragg (3)
Benton (3)
Henry Wilson (2)
John Williams (2)
Silver Wave (2)
Wainwright (2)
Frederick Steele (2)
Henry H. Sibley (2)
Richardson Scurry (2)
Edward Price (2)
James S. Palmer (2)
Neptune (2)
A. L. Lee (2)
J. B. Kinsman (2)
John Fitch (2)
Dillon (2)
Henry Clay (2)
Choctaw (2)
Carruth (2)
E. R. Calhoun (2)
Benjamin F. Butler (2)
Armistead Burwell (2)
John Brown (2)
John Breese (2)
Charles Bradley (2)
W. H. Blake (2)
John Bell (2)
C. C. Augur (2)
Zimmerman (1)
P. Wright (1)
Woodworth (1)
T. J. Wood (1)
Whitworth (1)
Webb (1)
Lewis Wallace (1)
Walke (1)
Villepigue (1)
Tuttle (1)
Loyd Tighlman (1)
Timothy Sullivan (1)
Samuel D. Sturgis (1)
George H. Stewart (1)
F. Steele (1)
Watson Smith (1)
Morgan L. Smith (1)
Martin L. Smith (1)
E. Kirby Smith (1)
A. J. Smith (1)
Shirk (1)
Sellers (1)
Saxon (1)
Sanborn (1)
Samson (1)
William S. Rosecrans (1)
Forest Rose (1)
Rodney (1)
Israel B. Richardson (1)
Ransom (1)
I. F. Quimby (1)
Edward Prince (1)
E. G. Parrott (1)
Owen (1)
C. W. Newton (1)
R. C. Murphy (1)
George W. Morgan (1)
J. W. Moore (1)
Monongahela (1)
McMurray (1)
John B. McGruder (1)
George McGinnis (1)
J. McArthur (1)
C. A. Manlove (1)
W. F. Lynch (1)
Henri Lovie (1)
Morning Light (1)
M. D. Legget (1)
Robert E. Lee (1)
Lawler (1)
J. G. Lauman (1)
James H. Lane (1)
L. A. Kimberly (1)
Ingraham (1)
Stephen A. Hurlbut (1)
Houston (1)
T. H. Holmes (1)
Hoel (1)
Hickey (1)
Edward Hatch (1)
Andrew J. Hamilton (1)
Henry Wager Halleck (1)
B. H. Grierson (1)
Gregg (1)
Greenwood (1)
De Golyer (1)
Giant (1)
John G. Foster (1)
Forney (1)
John Edwards (1)
G. M. Dodge (1)
Diana (1)
J. W. Denver (1)
Elias S. Dennis (1)
DeKalb (1)
T. A. Davies (1)
Dahlgren (1)
J. A. Cotton (1)
Henry Coppee (1)
A. P. Cooke (1)
Cockrell (1)
Clinton (1)
Cheeseman (1)
Carondelet (1)
Burrill (1)
Briggs (1)
E. Boomer (1)
Bolton (1)
Blackburn (1)
Berwick (1)
Albatross (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: