Chapter 15: the Army of the Potomac on the Virginia Peninsula.
- The Confederates evacuate Yorktown, 377.
-- pursuit of the fugitives
-- Confederate works at Williamsburg, 378.
-- Hooker's advance upon them, 379.
-- battle near Williamsburg
-- Hooker bears the Brunt, 380.
-- Kearney's troops on the field, 381.
-- Hancock's flank movement, 382.
-- close of the battle of Williamsburg
-- composition of the National Army there, 383.
-- McClellan urged to the front
-- the fruits of victory lost by delay, 384.
-- expedition up the York River
-- National troops on the Pamunkey
-- a sharp fight, 385.
-- quarters near the “White House”
-- a trick to save that building, 386.
-- preparations to attack Norfolk
-- vigilance of General Wool, 387.
-- he leads troops against Norfolk
-- surrender of the City, 388.
-- events in the Shenandoah Valley, 389.
-- battle at McDowell, 390.
-- Kenly attacked at front Royal, 391.
-- Banks's retreat toward the Potomac
-- difficulties in the way, 392.
-- battle at Winchester, 393.
-- Banks's retreat to the Potomac
-- Jackson hastens up the Shenandoah Valley, 394.
-- an exciting race in that Valley
-- Jackson and Ewell hard pressed, 395.
-- battle of Cross Keys, 396.
-- map of operations in Upper Virginia, 398.
-- battle of Port Republic and escape of Jackson's Army, 399.
-- a visit to the Shenandoah region
-- Weyer's Cave, 400.
-- passage of the Blue Ridge, 401.
'S batteries would all have been ready to open on the Confederate
works on the morning of the 6th of May;
but there was then no occasion for their use, for those works were abandoned.
So early as the 30th of April, Jefferson Davis
and two of his so-called cabinet, and Generals Johnston
, and Magruder
, held a council at the Nelson House
where, after exciting debates, it was determined to evacuate Yorktown
and its dependencies.
A wholesome fear of the heavy guns of the Nationals, whose missiles had already given a foretaste of their terrible power, and also an expectation that the National
gun-boats would speedily ascend the two rivers flanking the Confederate Army, caused this prudent resolution.
had been ordered to Yorktown
, but it had so great a dread of the watchful little Monitor
that it remained at Norfolk
Already some war-vessels, and a fleet of transports with Franklin
's troops, as we have observed, were lying securely in Posquotin River, well up toward Yorktown
These considerations caused immediate action on the resolutions of the council.
The sick, hospital stores, ammunition, and camp equipage were speedily sent to Richmond
, and on the night of the 3d of May, the Confederate
garrisons at Yorktown
, and the troops along the line of the Warwick
, fled toward Williamsburg
Early the next morning General McClellan
telegraphed to the Secretary of War
that he was in possession of the abandoned