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[391] if he should attempt to join McDowell by way of the Manassas Gap railroad.

Ashby's cavalry so perfectly masked this movement that Banks was not aware of it, and almost without a warning Ewell fell

May 28, 1862.
with crushing force on the little garrison of Front Royal, of about a thousand men, under Colonel Kenly.1 That gallant Marylander2 made a spirited resistance against the overwhelming force, ten times his own in

Fac-Simile of Jackson's note to Ewell.3

number, but he was driven from the town. He made a stand on a ridge a mile distant, from which he was soon pushed across the river. He attempted to burn the bridge behind him over the Shenandoah, but failed. His pursuers put out the flames, and he was soon overtaken by the cavalry of Ashby and Flournoy, when he again gave battle. In that encounter he was severely

1 These were composed of two companies each of the Twenty-seve Pennsylvania and Fifth New York cavalry, one company of Captain Mapes's Pioneers, and a section of Knapp's battery. Kenly was charged with the protection of the road and bridges between Front Royal and Strasburg. One company each of the Second Massachusetts, Third Wisconsin, and Twenty-seventh Indiana were posted along that road.

When the writer was at Nashville, early in May, 1866, he was permitted by General Ewell, then residing there, to peruse and make extracts from the manuscript records of his brigade, kept by his young adjutant. In it was the statement, that when Ewell's force was near Front Royal, a young woman was seen running toward them. She had “made a circuit to avoid the Yankees,” and she sent word to General Jackson, by officers who went to meet her, “to push on — only one regiment in the town, and that might be completely surprised; if we pressed on we might get the whole.” This “young lady” was the afterward notorious rebel spy, Belle Boyd, “who was to my eye,” recorded the adjutant, “pleasant and lady-like in appearance, and certainly had neither ‘freckled face, red hair and large mouth,’ as the New York Herald said she had. She seemed embarrassed by the novelty of her position, and very anxious that we should push on.”

2 See page 553, volume I.

3 this is an exact fac-simile of Jackson's entire note to Ewell, with all its blots, carefully copied from the original, kindly placed in the hands of the author by the late Frank Henry

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