of both sexes.1
On leaving the city in some confusion (but finally in good order), it moved rapidly on toward Martinsburg
, twenty-two miles distant, in three columns, and reached that point late in the afternoon.
There the wearied and battle-worn soldiers rested less than two hours, and then, pressing on twelve miles farther, reached the Potomac
, opposite Williamsport
, in the course of the evening,2
where soon afterward a thousand camp-fires were blazing on the hill-sides.
had halted his infantry a short distance from Winchester
, but George H. Stewart
had followed the fugitives with cavalry to Martinsburg
, where the pursuit was abandoned.
Three days later a Confederate brigade of infantry drove a small Union force out of Charlestown
Within the space of forty-eight hours after hearing of Kenly
's disaster at Front Royal
, with his little army, had marched fifty-three miles, with an overwhelming force on his flank and immediate rear a part of the way, and fought several skirmishes and a severe battle.
attributed his failure to crush Banks
to the misconduct of Ashby
and his cavalry, who, stopping to pillage the abandoned wagons of Banks
's train between Middletown
, did not come up in time to pursue the fugitives after the battle at Winchester
After menacing Harper's Ferry
, where General Rufus Saxton
was in command, Jackson
as hasty a retreat up the Valley
had made down it, for he was threatened with immediate peril.
, as we have observed, had been ordered to join McDowell
in a movement toward Richmond
, to co-operate with McClellan
He reached McDowell
's camp with eleven thousand men on the day of the battle of Winchester
On the following day the President
and Secretary of War
arrived there, when McDowell
, whose army was then forty-one thousand strong, was ordered to move toward Richmond
on the 26th.
That order was countermanded a few hours later, for, on their return to Washington
, the President
and his War Minister were met by startling tidings from the Shenandoah Valley.
The safety of the National
capital seemed to be in great peril, and McDowell
was ordered to push twenty thousand men into the Valley
by way of the Manassas Gap Railroad, to intercept Jackson
if he should retreat.
At the same time Fremont
was ordered by telegraph to hasten with his army over the Shenandoah Mountain
for the same purpose, and with the hope that he and the troops from McDowell
might join at Strasburg
in time to head