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Chapter 22: campaign of the Carolinas. February and March, 1866.

On the 1st day of February, as before explained, the army designed for the active campaign from Savannah northward was composed of two wings, commanded respectively by Major-Generals Howard and Slocum, and was substantially the same that had marched from Atlanta to Savannah. The same general orders were in force, and this campaign may properly be classed as a continuance of the former.

The right wing, less Corse's division, Fifteenth Corps, was grouped at or near Pocotaligo, South Carolina, with its wagons filled with food, ammunition, and forage, all ready to start, and only waiting for the left wing, which was detained by the flood in the Savannah River. It was composed as follows:

Fifteenth Corps, Major-General John A. Logan.

First Division, Brigadier-General Charles R. Woods; Second Division, Major-General W. B. Hazen; Third Division, Brigadier-General John E. Smith; Fourth Division, Brigadier-General John M. Corse. Artillery brigade, eighteen guns, Lieutenant-Colonel W. H. Ross, First Michigan Artillery.

Seventeenth Corps, Major-General Frank P. Blair, Jr.

First Division, Major-General Joseph A. Mower; Second Division, Brigadier-General M. F. Force; Fourth Division, Brigadier-General Giles A. Smith. Artillery brigade, fourteen guns, Major A. C. Waterhouse, First Illinois Artillery.

The left wing, with Corse's division and Kilpatrick's cavalry, was at and near Sister's Ferry, forty miles above the city of [269] Savannah, engaged in crossing the river, then much swollen. It was composed as follows:

Fourteenth Corps, Major-General Jeff. C. Davis.

First Division, Brigadier-General W. P. Carlin; Second Division, Brigadier-General John D. Morgan; Third Division, Brigadier-General A. Baird. Artillery brigade, sixteen guns, Major Charles Houghtaling, First Illinois Artillery.

Twentieth Corps, Brigadier-General A. S. Williams.

First Division, Brigadier-General N. I. Jackson; Second Division, Brigadier-General J. W. Geary; Third Division, Brigadier-General W. T. Ward. Artillery brigade, sixteen guns, Major J. A. Reynolds, First New York Artillery.

Cavalry Division, Brigadier-General Judson Kilpatrick.

First Brigade, Colonel T. J. Jordan, Ninth Pennsylvania Cavalry; Second Brigade, Colonel S. D. Atkins, Ninety-second Illinois Volunteers; Third Brigade, Colonel George E. Spenccr, First Alabama Cavalry. One battery of four guns.

The actual strength of the army, as given in the following official tabular statements, was at the time sixty thousand and seventy-nine men, and sixty-eight guns. The trains were made up of about twenty-five hundred wagons, with six mules to each wagon, and about six hundred ambulances, with two horses each. The contents of the wagons embraced an ample supply of ammunition for a great battle; forage for about seven days, and provisions for twenty days, mostly of bread, sugar, coffee, and salt, depending largely for fresh meat on beeves driven on the hoof and such cattle, hogs, and poultry, as we expected to gather along our line of march.

recapitulation--campaign of the Carolinas.

arm.February 1.March 1.April 1.April 10.


Effective Strength of the Army under Genderal W. T. Sherman, during the Campaign of the Carolinas, 1865.

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hide Display Preferences
commands.February 1.March 1.April 1.April 10.
Commissioned Officers.Enlisted Men.Commissioned Officers.Enlisted Men.Commissioned Officers.Enlisted Men.Commissioned Officers.Enlisted Men.Commissioned Officers.Enlisted Men.Commissioned Officers.Enlisted Men.Commissioned Officers.Enlisted Men.Commissioned Officers.Enlisted Men.Commissioned Officers.Enlisted Men.Commissioned Officers.Enlisted Men.Commissioned Officers.Enlisted Men.Commissioned Officers.Enlisted Men.
Fifteenth Army Corps72014,6382141037173314,0762121434874714,6682111536670814,53622113390
Seventeenth Army Corps.46611,220443625844110,675442526647511,614442725247812,3952288253
Total, Right Wing.1,18625,858657166291,17424,751654196141,22226,282653226181,18626,93144921643
Fourteenth A. Corps.59613,372  844457112,192  743851612,193  640856114,092  8437
Twentieth A. Corps.57912,332  2250161012,300  2348161411,375  2348663911,832  18476
Total, Left Wing.1,17525,704  309451,18124,492  309191,13023,568  298941,20025,924  26913
Tenth Army Corps            3729,84115559312439211,335  6366
Twenty-third A. C.            54711,143  1348064113,359  11282
Kilpatrick's Cavalry  1804,195494  1734,168491  1553,993477  1785,3065170
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