Engagements of the Civil War with losses on both sides December, 1860-August, 1862
Preliminary events from the secession of South to the bombardment of Fort Sumter.
December 20, 1860: ordinance of secession adopted by South Carolina.
January 9, 1861: U. S. Steamer Star of the West fired upon in Charleston harbor by South Carolina troops.
January 9, 1861: Mississippi seceded.
January 10, 1861: Florida seceded.
January 11, 1861: Alabama seceded.
January 19, 1861: Georgia seceded.
January 26, 1861: Louisiana seceded.
February 1, 1861: Texas seceded.
February 4, 1861: “Confederate States of America” provisionally organized at Montgomery, Ala.
February 9, 1861: Jefferson Davis elected provisional President of the Confederate States of America.
February 18, 1861: Jefferson Davis inaugurated President of the Confederate States at Montgomery, Ala.
March 4, 1861: Abraham Lincoln inaugurated President of the United States at Washington.
April 12, 1861: bombardment of Fort Sumter, S. C.Union 1st U. S. Art. Confed. S. C. Art. No casualties.
April 14, 1861: evacuation of Fort Sumter, S. C. By U. S.
Losses:Union 1 killed, 5 wounded by premature explosion of cannon in firing a salute to the United States flag.
April 17, 1861: Virginia adopted the ordinance of secession, subject to popular vote.
April 19, 1861: riots in Baltimore, Md.Union 6th Mass., 27th Pa. Baltimoreans, Citizens of Baltimore.
Losses:Union 4 killed, 36 wounded. Citizens, 12 killed.
April 23, 1861: Co. A 8th U. S. Infantry captured at San Antonio, Tex., by a company of organized citizen volunteers.
May 6, 1861: Arkansas seceded.
May 10, 1861: Camp Jackson, Mo.Occupied by Mo. militia, seized by Union 1st, 3d, and 4th Mo. Reserve Corps, 3d Mo. Vols. 639 militiamen taken prisoners.
May 11, 1861: St. Louis, Mo. Collision of Union 5th Mo., U. S. Reserves, with citizens of St. Louis.
Losses:Union 4 killed. Citizens 27 killed.
May 20, 1861: North Carolina seceded.
May 24, 1861: Col. E. Elmer Ellsworth, 11th N. Y. Vols., killed by a civilian while removing a Southern flag from the roof of the Marshall House, Alexandria, Va.
Fort Pickens, guarding the entrance to Pensacola Bay, 1861. Never was a perilous position more gallantly held than was Fort Pickens by Lieutenant A. J. Slemmer and his little garrison from January to May, 1861. A large force of Confederates were constantly menacing the fort. Slemmer discovered a plot to betray the Fort into the hands of a thousand of them on the night of April 11th. Attempts to seize the Fort by Confederates gathered in force for the purpose were held off only by the timely arrival of gunboats with reenforcements from the North. All the efforts to take Fort Pickens failed and it remained in the hands of the Federals throughout the war. In the lower picture we see one of the powerful Confederate batteries at Fort McRee, which fired on Pickens from across the channel.