A locality in Bartow county, Ga.
, about 40 miles northwest of Atlanta
, having large historical interest because of the important military operations in 1864.
The Confederates, retreating from Resaca
, took a position at Allatoona Pass.
, after resting his army, proceeded to flank them out of their new position.
J. C. Davis
's division of Thomas
's army had moved down the Oostenaula
, where he destroyed important mills and foundries, and captured nearly a dozen guns.
He left a garrison there.
had destroyed the Georgia
State Arsenal near
proceeded to gather in force at and near Dallas
was on the alert, and tried to prevent this formidable flank movement.
's corps met Confederate cavalry near Pumpkinvine Creek
, whom he pushed across that stream and saved a bridge they had fired.
Following them eastward miles, he (Hooker
) found the Confederates
in strong force and in battle order.
A sharp conflict ensued, and at 4 P. M. he made a bold push, by Sherman
's order, to secure possession of a point near New Hope Church, where roads from Ackworth
, and Dallas
met. A stormy night ensued, and Hooker
could not drive the Confederates
from their position.
On the following morning Sherman
found the Confederates
strongly intrenched, with lines extending from Dallas
The approach to their intrenchments must be made over rough, wooded, and broken ground.
For several days, constantly skirmishing, Sherman
tried to break through their lines to the railway east of the Allatoona
's troops moved to Dallas
, and Thomas
's deployed against New Hope Church, in the vicinity of which there were many severe encounters, while Schofield
was directed to turn and strike Johnston
On May 28 the Confederates
a severe blow at Dallas
: but the assailants were repulsed with heavy loss.
At the same time.
, nearer the centre, was repulsed.
, by skilful movements, compelled Johnston
to evacuate his strong position at Allatoona Pass (June 1, 1864). The National cavalry, under Garrard
, were pushed on to occupy it, and there Sherman
, planting a garrison, made a secondary base of supplies for his army.
made a stand at the Kenesaw Mountains
, near Marietta
; but Sherman
, who had been reinforced by two divisions under Gen. Frank P. Blair
(June 8), very soon caused him to abandon that position, cross the Chattahoochee River
, and finally to rest at Atlanta
After the evacuation of Atlanta
(Sept. 2, 1864), Sherman
reorganized their armies in preparation for a vigorous fall campaign.
Satisfied that Hood
intended to assume the offensive and probably attempt the seizure of Tennessee
, his second in command, to Nashville
, to organize the new troops expected to gather there, and to make arrangements to meet such an emergency.
arrived there Oct. 3.
Meanwhile the Confederates
had crossed the Chattahoochee
, and by a rapid movement had struck the railway at Big Shanty, north of Marietta
, and destroyed it for several miles.
A division of infantry pushed northward and appeared before Allatoona
, where Colonel Tourtellotte
was guarding 1,000,000 National rations with only three thin regiments.
made efforts at once for the defence of these and his communications.
to hold Atlanta
and the railway bridge across the Chattahoochee
, he started on a swift pursuit of Hood
with five army corps and two divisions of cavalry.
He established a signal station on the summit of Great Kenesaw Mountain, and telegraphed to General Corse
, at Rome
, to hasten to the assistance of Tourtellotte
instantly obeyed; and when the Confederates
appeared before Allatoona
, at dawn (Oct. 5), he was there with reinforcements, and in command.
The Confederates were vastly superior in numbers, and invested the place.
After cannonading the fort two hours, their leader (General French
) demanded its surrender.
Then he assailed it furiously, but his columns were continually driven back.
The conflict raged with great fierceness; and Sherman
, from the top of Kenesaw
, heard the roar of cannon and saw the smoke of battle, though 18 miles distant. He had pushed forward a corps (23d) to menace the Confederate
rear, and by signal-flags on Kenesaw
he said to General Corse
“Hold the fort, for I am coming.”
And when Sherman
was assured that Corse
was there, he said, “He will hold out; I know the man.”
And so he did. He repulsed the Confederates
several times; and when they heard of the approach of the 23d Corps, they hastily withdrew, leaving behind them 230 dead and 400 prisoners, with about 800 small-arms.
lost 707 men. The famous signal of Generall Sherman
was subsequently made the title of one of Ira D. Sankey
's most thrilling hymns, which has been sung the world over.