Founder of the New York Herald
; born in New Mill, Scotland
, Sept. 1, 1795; died in New York.
June 1, 1872.
Intending to enter upon the ministry in the Roman
Catholic Church, he studied theology in Aberdeen
some time, but, abandoning the intention, he went to British America
, arriving at Halifax
, in 1819, where he taught school.
He made his way to Boston
, where he became a proof-reader, and in 1822 he went to New York, and thence to Charleston
, where he made translations from the Spanish
for the Charleston Courier
Returning to New York he became proprietor (1825) of the New York Courier
, but did not succeed.
After various editorial and journalistic adventures in New York and Pennsylvania
. Mr. Bennett
in May, 1835.
began the pubication of the New York Herald
His method was a “new departure” in journalism.
obtained an immense circulation and advertising patronage.
The profits of the establishment, at the time
of Mr. Bennett
's death, were estimated at from $5,000 to $700,000 a year.
He died in the Roman Catholic
faith, and bequeathed the Herald
to his only son. James Gordon Bennett, Jr.
, who was born in New York City, May 10, 1841; fitted out the Jeannette
polar expedition; sent Henry M. Stanley
in search of Dr. Livingstone
; constructed, with John W. Mackay
, a new cable between America
; and greatly promoted international yachting.