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Bennett, James Gordon, 1795-1872

Founder of the New York Herald; born in New Mill, Scotland, Sept. 1, 1795; died in New York. June 1, 1872. Intending to enter upon the ministry in the Roman Catholic Church, he studied theology in Aberdeen some time, but, abandoning the intention, he went to British America, arriving at Halifax. N. S., in 1819, where he taught school. He made his way to Boston, where he became a proof-reader, and in 1822 he went to New York, and thence to Charleston, where he made translations from the Spanish for the Charleston Courier. Returning to New York he became proprietor (1825) of the New York Courier, but did not succeed. After various editorial and journalistic adventures in New York and Pennsylvania. Mr. Bennett. in May, 1835. began the pubication of the New York Herald. His method was a “new departure” in journalism. [320] The Herald obtained an immense circulation and advertising patronage. The profits of the establishment, at the time

James Gordon Bennett.

of Mr. Bennett's death, were estimated at from $5,000 to $700,000 a year. He died in the Roman Catholic faith, and bequeathed the Herald to his only son. James Gordon Bennett, Jr., who was born in New York City, May 10, 1841; fitted out the Jeannette polar expedition; sent Henry M. Stanley in search of Dr. Livingstone in Africa; constructed, with John W. Mackay, a new cable between America and Europe; and greatly promoted international yachting.

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